Public Speaking Unit 11-15

Technology should not get in the way of a speaker’s relating to the audience.
True
The Home Tab sets up a consistent layout and color scheme for each slide in the presentation.
False
The Handout Master can be printed for the audience members to have a record of the presentation.
True
Which view in PowerPoint allows the user to look at one entire slide on the screen and edit it?
normal view
A familiar typeface that is simple and easy to read should be used on presentation aids.
True
Slide-show view allows you to edit the slides and add notes.
False
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When it comes to presentation aids, the more colors the better, so that the aids are as flashy as possible.
False
In which mode of PowerPoint do users customize every aspect of the presentation?
blank slide layout
Boldface, underlining, and italics should
be used sparingly.
When using slides, speakers should talk to the audience, not to the screen.
True
Key design elements such as fonts, color, and italics should be consistent throughout a presentation to maintain continuity.
True
Animation effects are also referred to as builds.
True
Boldface, underlining, and italics should be used sparingly to call attention to the most important points.
True
Which of the following PowerPoint options offers help in creating your slide show by offering predesigned templates?
Design Tab
A presentation aid with words should have no more than two lines per aid.
False
The best place in speech development for a speaker to begin planning slides is during topic selection.
False
With PowerPoint, clip art cannot be imported from other online programs.
False
Typefaces come in a variety of sets of sizes or
fonts.
Which of the following PowerPoint effects adds motion and sound effects as you click from one slide to another?
transitions
The skillful use of color in presentation aids includes all of the following EXCEPT
using as many colors as possible to provide variety.
For type and graphics, you should use colors that contrast with the background.
True
Which of the following options does PowerPoint offer that presents menus for inserting new slides after the first one, choosing layouts and themes for your slides, and manipulating fonts and styles?
Home tab
Which view in PowerPoint is meant to be used during projection to an audience?
slide-show view
Which of the following PowerPoint options is best for speakers who want flexibility in designing their graphics, but prefer to use a template for their slides?
Blank slide layout
To convey points effectively on a slide, follow the
NOT: three-by-five rule.
?6×6
It is best to use all capital letters on presentation aids.
False
When designing a presentation aid, the speaker should focus on
simplicity.
Each presentation aid should be simple and concise, and should present three major ideas.
False
Sans serif typefaces include small flourishes, or strokes, at the tops and bottoms of each letter.templates?
False
Presentation aids that are too crowded will divert attention from the message.
True
How many major ideas should be present on each presentation aid?
one
The two major categories of typefaces are sans serif and
serif.
Chartjunk is a term used to refer to presentation aids with too many graphs or charts and other meaningless design elements.
True
Small amounts of text, such as headings, are best viewed in which typeface?
sans serif
In preparing to use a PowerPoint presentation, you should do all of the following EXCEPT
make sure you have at least one slide for each 30 seconds of your presentation.
With PowerPoint, a speaker can generate slides containing text, artwork, and photos, but not video or sound.
False
“I’m a better candidate than X because, unlike X, I work for a living” is an example of
ad hominem argument.
An effective informative speech shows listeners
something they didn’t previously know.
The goal of informative speaking is to persuade or convince an audience.
False
Material that provides grounds for belief in a claim is called evidence.
True
A successful persuasive speaker should aim for large-scale changes.
False
The audience is an empty vessel into which a speaker can pour facts and figures.
False
Which organizational pattern addresses main points and then disproves opposing claims?
refutation
“A theory is like a set of glasses we put on to look through” is an example of
an analogy.
Which pattern demonstrates how the speaker’s points are more favorable than alternative positions?
comparative advantage
Under which of the following conditions is the persuasive purpose appropriate?
when you seek to change an audience’s behavior
The highest level in Maslow’s hierarchy is self-esteem needs.
False
An informative speaker might
explain to listeners the new services available at the student center.
Speeches about _________ might discuss brewing beer, lightning formation, or yoga sequences.
processes
Speeches about _________ might discuss digital cameras, snowshoes, or El Niño.
objects or phenomena
Multimodal learners combine two or more learning style preferences.
True
A target audience’s attitudes should not affect the arrangement of the persuasive speech.
False
Speeches about ________ address the impact of individuals and groups on society.
people
An informative speech arranged by category is arranged
topically.
To help your audience follow your speech, do all of the following EXCEPT
NOT: employ rhetorical devices such as repetition and parallelism.
An informative speech can be about events and issues, but not about objects or people.
False
Speeches that rely on demonstration must include an actual physical demonstration.
False
The goal of informative speaking is
to increase audience understanding and awareness.
There are always some elements of persuasion in an informative speech
True
Informative speeches can be organized using only the cause-effect pattern.
False
“Clearly, roses are the best flowers for gift giving, since more people buy them more than any other kind of flower” is an example of
bandwagoning.
The appeal to audience emotion is termed
pathos.
The general goal of persuasive speeches is to advocate, or to ask others to accept your views.
True
Visualization is the fourth step in Monroe’s motivated sequence pattern.
True
Using rhetorical devices such as repetition and parallelism will reinforce information and drive home key ideas.
True
All of the following are ways to define a topic EXCEPT
NOT: by describing what it is not.
Using analogies in a speech is a helpful strategy to reduce audience confusion.
True
Reasoning in which the speaker compares two similar cases and implies that what is true in one case is true in the other is
reasoning by analogy.
Narratives, testimony, and facts drawn from an outside source are examples of external evidence.
True
According to Aristotle, appealing to the emotions of listeners is called ethos.
False
“Students who earn an A average on all speech assignments should be exempt from the final exam.” This statement is a claim of
policy
_________ presentations connect the presenter and audience live.
Real-time
Once you have prepared your presentation well, you should be able to record it in only one take.
False
A _________ is a digital audio recording of a speech or presentation captured and stored in a form accessible via the Web.
podcast
The one underlying function of a special occasion speech is to inform.
False
In preparing online presentations, you should do all of the following EXCEPT
avoid using presentation aids.
Fundraisers, campaign banquets, conferences, and conventions are examples of special occasion speeches that strive to
set a social agenda.
Online presentations are always streamed in real time at a time convenient for both the speaker and the audience.
False
An effective speech of inspiration appeals to reason, not emotion.
False
The goal of a speech of introduction is to inspire the audience.
False
Which of the following is a function of a special occasion speech?
to celebrate
Webinars are presentations or training sessions that are prerecorded and played at a time convenient for each audience member.
False
A _________ captures whatever is displayed on your computer screen, from text to slides to streaming video.
screencast
When delivering a eulogy, the speaker should be sure to
emphasize the deceased’s positive qualities.
Special occasion speeches can entertain, celebrate, commemorate, or inspire.
True
A vodcast is a podcast containing video clips.
True
Online presentations require essentially different planning and delivery than do face-to-face presentations.
False
With recorded presentations, transmission and reception occur at different times, in _________ communication.
asynchronous
_________ — alternations in volume, pitch, rate, and pauses — is particularly important in an online presentation, since your audience cannot interact with your physical presence.
Vocal variety
A roast is a humorous tribute to the person being celebrated, in which a series of speakers jokingly poke fun at him or her.
True
Presentation aids aren’t really necessary or useful in online presentations.
False
Many successful inspirational speakers use acronyms to help the audience remember the message.
True
If you are asked to give a plaque to the “teacher of the year,” you should prepare a
speech of presentation.
Listeners can expect a lighthearted, amusing speech; they may also expect the speaker to offer a certain degree of insight into the topic at hand in a speech that strives to
NOT: inspire.
Real-time presentations connect presenter and audience in asynchronous communication.
False
When delivering a eulogy, the speaker should focus on the life of the person, rather than the circumstances of death.
True
The function of a speech of acceptance is to
express gratitude for the honor bestowed.
In asynchronous communication, the speaker lacks any direct interaction with the audience.
True
Superior _________ can provide your audience with a compelling visual experience, even though you and your audience are not face to face.
presentation aids
_________ are real-time seminars, meetings, or other presentations that connect presenters and audiences from their computers or mobile devices.
Webinars
As group members generate solutions, the merit of each idea should be evaluated and debated immediately.
False
Which of the following is a forum in which speakers deliver short speeches on different aspects of the same topic?
symposium
In a group setting, a “blocker” is an example of a(n)
anti-group role.
An effective audience analysis requires that the speaker consider
the interests and needs of the audience.
A panel discussion is a formal meeting at which several speakers deliver short speeches on the same topic.
False
The person with the weakest presentation style and least credibility should deliver the opening portion of the presentation.
False
_________ leaders ask group members to make the decision.
NOT: Participative
A team leader’s responsibilities typically include
coordinating selection of roles and tasks.
There is no such thing as productive conflict.
False
When a team member delivers his or her part of the presentation, this is a good time for the other team members to
give their full attention to the speaker.
A small group is made of how many members?
three to twenty
In a group, an individual generally assumes only one role.
False
Person-based conflict is a form of unproductive conflict.
True
The presentation will go more smoothly if the whole group _________ the presentation with presentation aids several times.
NOT: plans
Issues-based conflict allows members to test and debate ideas and potential solutions.
True
Team presentations are rarely assigned in the classroom, but frequently delivered in the workplace.
False
Successful team presentations require
close cooperation and planning.
As long as all the team members know which part of the presentation they are responsible for, there is no need to rehearse the presentation.
False
The first three steps in Dewey’s reflective thinking process are, in order:
identify the problem, conduct research and analysis, establish guidelines and criteria.
John Dewey’s six-step process can encourage group members to “think reflectively” about their task.
True
Groups prone to groupthink typically exhibit which of the following behaviors?
Participants reach a consensus and avoid conflict, but without genuinely agreeing with each other.
When giving a team presentation, all team members need to stay focused on the speaker so as not to distract the audience.
True
Students will not usually be expected to give classroom presentations at college.
False
College students are typically asked to deliver oral presentations in all of the following forms except
sales presentations.
In business courses, a case study presentation
discusses the best solutions to the case.
Which one of the following is an audience made up of people who possess intimate knowledge of the topic being discussed?
expert audience
In preparing a poster presentation, the speaker should put long, in-depth explanations in a prominent location on his or her poster.
False
Which one of the following types of audience consists of people who have expert knowledge along with those who have no specialized knowledge?
mixed audience
In a case study presentation, you should begin by giving an overview of the major issues involved in the case.
True
Crisis-response presentations are also known crisis communication.
True
The insider audience has the least amount of knowledge of the given field and topic.
False
A progress report can be directed to people inside and outside an organization.
True
Sale presentations are about informing potential buyers, not persuading them.
False
During a debate you should listen carefully to the other side, but writing things down is likely to distract you.
False
Most organizations make decisions about products, procedures, or policies based on proposals.
True
Entry-level business and professional employees with superior _________ tend to get promoted sooner than their co-workers.
oral presentation skills
Typically, suitable organizational patterns for sales presentations include any of the following except
spatial.
A _________ typically provides information so that an organization can make a decision about a product, procedure, or policy.
proposal
Managers and other employees depend on staff reports to determine whether or not someone is promoted.
False
A(n) _________ is a type of oral presentation format in which two individuals or groups argue the issue in question from opposing viewpoints.
debate
Strong arguments should have a claim, evidence, and reasoning.
True
Which one of the following types of audience might consist of academic co-workers, managers, project coordinators, or team leaders?
colleagues within the field
Giving formal speeches is a common requirement in the workplace.
False
A lay audience is a group of people who possess intimate knowledge of the topic or idea being discussed.
False
Team presentations are written reports delivered by a group of three or more.
False
In an informative speech, the speaker is allowed to describe or explain, but not demonstrate.
False
When the body of a text is being read, which typeface is easiest on the eye?
serif
The typeface in a presentation should be
easy to read.
Productive conflict is
issue-based
In his persuasive speech about why people should buy used rather than new autos, Carlos provided the audience with information about his background as a used-car salesperson. Carlos employed which type of appeal?
NOT: logos.
Anti-group roles individuals may play in a group include “blocker” and “floor hogger.”
True
Directly asking members to contribute, setting a positive tone, and using dialectical inquiry are three techniques that group leaders can use to encourage
participation.
Audience members of business or professional presentations are frequently part of a voluntary audience.
False
In which kind of presentation are you expected to identify the thesis or hypothesis, explain the methodology, and evaluate the findings?
review of academic articles
When starting a team presentation project, one of the first tasks should be to designate a team leader.
True
According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, all needs are equally important and must be fulfilled simultaneously.
False
All persuasive speeches explicitly seek a response from the audience.
False