Public Speaking Midterm: Chapter 6: Selecting Your Topic

• What are the four techniques for developing a set of potential topics and how do they work?
1. Research: can help you avoid repeating message. Do not plagiarize.
2. Brainstorming: develop list of topics. Consider your interests and experiences.
3. Word Association: list one potential topic then write whatever comes to mind when you think of first idea
4. Mind Mapping: Write down word then surround with words and images representing other ideas that come to you.
• What are the steps to selecting and refining the best topic?
1. Consider the Assignment: Topic you select meets your instructor’s criteria.

2. Consider your Audience: It will interest them, something listeners need to know about for their own or society’s benefit, likely inspire/entertain/emotionally move your audience

3. Consider your Knowledge and Interests: Which topics are you most interested and knowledgeable about. Listeners more likely to believe your claims if they think you’ve had experience with the concept.

4. Consider the Speech Context: context of speech = surrounding environment and situation in which you deliver your presentation. EX: Awards banquet speech = audience expect upbeat speech with topic.

5. Choose a Topic and Stick with it: Can be factor between strong and weak speech

Selecting BEST Topic: Consider the assignment, your audience, your knowledge and interests, context of your speech. Once selected—stick with

Refining your Topic:
1. First decide on your Rhetorical purpose, how you want your speech to affect your audience.
I. Informing: Purpose is informative, the message is educational and your objective is to increase the audiences understanding or awareness of your subject
II. Persuading: Purpose is persuasive, convince audience to adopt new position on particular topics
III. Marking a Special Occasion: Purpose is marking a special occasion, seek to honor that occasion by entertaining, inspiring, or emotionally moving audience.

2. Narrow your Topic: what aspects of your topic you want to cover in your speech. Helps you focus your speech.

3. Remember your Audience: Ask if aspects and points of your speech will be attractive to your audience.

4. Draw on your Interests and Expertise: You’re unique perspective or special expertise can help you narrow atopic.

5. Review your Rhetorical Purpose: narrow your topic to an aspect appropriate for your rhetorical purpose

6. Evaluate the Situation: Use situational characteristics to help narrow your topic. EX: Lunch and bugs example

• How do you draft a specific purpose statement?
Drafting your Specific Purpose: the objective of your speech—and express it in a consistent phrase. To write: start with phrase expressing rhetorical purpose (“inform” “persuade” “mark a special occasion”)
• Can you define, explain, and give examples of the terms on Speak Up’s page 185?
VOCAB
How do you draft a thesis statement?
Drafting your thesis Statement: Create a single sentence capturing the overall message conveyed in your speech. “Bottom Line”
• Thesis = main position of an type of speech
• Thesis statement = speaker is advocating a position in a persuasive speech
• Topic statement = speaker intends to inform or mark special occasion

Guidelines to ensure thesis statement coveys your purpose to audience:
1. Keep it to one sentence: make sure thesis consists is single sentence stating bottom line of speech.
2. Express your intentions: thesis clearly conveys what you hope audience will know, do, and feel after listening to speech.
3. Be consistent with your specific purpose: make sure thesis communicates same idea as your specific purpose.

research
Research: can help you avoid repeating message. Do not plagiarize
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word association
Word Association: list one potential topic then write whatever comes to mind when you think of first idea
mind mapping
Mind Mapping: Write down word then surround with words and images representing other ideas that come to you.
brainstorming
Brainstorming: develop list of topics. Consider your interests and experiences.
context
context of speech = surrounding environment and situation in which you deliver your presentation.
rhetorical purpose
rhetorical purpose = how you want your speech to affect your audience.
informative purpose
Purpose is informative, the message is educational and your objective is to increase the audiences understanding or awareness of your subject
persuasive purpose
Purpose is persuasive, convince audience to adopt new position on particular topics
marking a special occasion
Purpose is marking a special occasion, seek to honor that occasion by entertaining, inspiring, or emotionally moving audience.
specific purpose
the objective of your speech—and express it in a consistent phrase. To write: start with phrase expressing rhetorical purpose (“inform” “persuade” “mark a special occasion”)
thesis statement
• Thesis = main position of an type of speech
1. Keep it to one sentence: make sure thesis consists is single sentence stating bottom line of speech.
2. Express your intentions: thesis clearly conveys what you hope audience will know, do, and feel after listening to speech.
3. Be consistent with your specific purpose: make sure thesis communicates same idea as your specific purpose.