Public Speaking Exam (PRCC Mrs. Cone)

In the communication process, what is the term for something that interferes with this process?
Noise
One of the ways public speaking and conversation are different is that public speaking is…
More formal
Noise in the communication process
can be external or internal
True or false- Slane expressions are perfectly appropriate for most types of public speaking
False
The three types of general speech purposes are
To entertain, inform, and persuade
The three major divisions of a speech are
Introduction, body, conclusion
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The purpose of an introduction is
to get the audience’s attention and interest
True or False- Always memorize your speech so you won’t forget any of the words
False
Our beliefs, values, and moral principles by which we determine what is right or wrong are our
Ethics
True or False- Ethics are universal; all cultures hold the same basic, human ethics.
False
True or False- Speakers have an ethical responsibility to give credit for information and ideas that are not their own.
True
When facing public speaking anxiety, the goal for the speaker should be to
Manage it positively
True or False- Anxiety can improve your energy level and speech performance
True
True or False- Delaying speech preparation and rehearsal is usually an effective method to reduce speaker anxiety.
False
When listeners can recall ideas and information presented to them, they are said to
Remember
When the audience has clearly decided before you even begin to speak that the message has no value for them; the listening barrier to overcome is
Prejudice
A listener who is able to evaluate the reasoning, logic, and quality of the speaker’s ideas is
critical listener
True or False- We listen at a much slower rate than the rate an average person speaks
False
True or False- It’s a good listening technique to try and identify the speaker’s main points even if they are not clear
True
A speaker who analyses the listeners and the occasion and adapts the speech to them is defined by your text as
an audience centered speaker
An examination by the speaker of the time and place of the speech, size of the expected audience and the speaking occasion is
situation analysis
Collecting information about an audience concerning their age range, gender, and ethnicity is part of
Demographic analysis
True or False- Language choice is not important as “Sticks and stones can break my bones, but words will never hurt me.”
False
Analyzing and adapting to your audience as you speak
is necessary as part of complete audience centered speaker
True or false- A speaker must be aware of nonverbal feedback from the audience in order to adapt the speech as her or him speaks.
True
True or False- If your audience seems confused or doesn’t understand your point, you should restate your information.
True
True or False- Extemporaneous speaking and impromptu speaking are the same thing.
False
True or False- Rehearsal is an important step for excellent extemporaneous
True
True or False- Extemporaneous speaking has the most conversational style
False
The ability to monitor your audience’s response and adjust your message accordingly is a benefit of
Good eye contact
True or False- When a speaker’s nonverbal message contradicts the verbal message, listeners tent to believe the nonverbal message.
True
True or False- Your facts is key in communicating your emotions and attitudes to the audiences.
True
The process of producing language and speech sounds that are clear and distinct is termed
Articulation
What is the term for such words and sounds as “er”, “you know”, “um”?
ineffective vocalized pauses
True or False- Silence can be effective tool is emphasizing a particular word or sentence.
True
True or False- Audio and videotaping your speech rehearsal is not effective in improving our final speech performance
False
True or False- Both content and delivery contribute to the effectiveness of a speaker.
True
True or False- A final mental rehearsal right before your speech will help in a successful delivery
True
True or False- Ethnocentrism means you value other cultures more than you value your own.
False
The best reason to use presentation aids is that…
They help your audience understand and remember
Alexis is using photographs of her recent trip to Greece in her informative speech about Modern Greek Culture. How can she best incorporate her photos into the presentation?
Enlarge or project them
This is not a primary consideration when selecting a presentation aide.
Length of the speech
True or False- Most designers agree that you should not use more that two fonts on a single visual aid.
True
True or False- It is a good idea to select a presentation aid before you decide on a speech purpose.
False
Presentation aids help listeners do all of the following except
act
All of the following occur when speakers use too much information on a presentation and except this
Audience read and absorbs information
True or False- Sophisticated and complex presentation aids are clear for the audience to understand
False
On her way to public speaking class, Delaney decided to add one last presentation aide to speech. Was this a good idea, according to your textbook?
No; because Delaney didn’t have a chance to rehears with the new aid.
True or False- Once you introduce a visual aid, keep it in front of the audience throughout your speech
False
True or False- Some presentation aids speak for themselves you don’t need to explain them
False
Persuasion is a process of changing or reinforcing…
attitudes, beliefs, values, or behaviors
What is the term attitude is
a learned disposition to respond favorably or unfavorably toward people, places, events, or objects
True or False- Persuasive is easy to change than attitude but can be change by evidence
False
When a speaker watches and listens for audience response and adapts the delivered message to that response, the speaker is reacting to the audience
Feedback
Rachel is called to speak in front of her Theories of Education class. She has gained confidence and competence in her public speaking class, a term that your text calls
Empowerment
When citing your sources orally in a speech, you should
State briefly the author, title and year
When you focus on and mentally summarize the speaker’s message and work to understand the information presented, you are said to be
An active listener
Trying to determine what the audience believes or thinks about a speech topic is termed
Psychological analysis
A situational audience analysis includes an evaluation of
The time and place of your speech, the size of your audience, and the occasion.
What can a speaker add to his or her speech that will likely appeal to most members off a very diverse audience?
Statistics
When we as speakers, consider our beliefs, values, and moral principles when writing and presenting a speech, we are
Speaking ethically
Because we hear so many sounds simultaneously, the first stage of listening is to
Select
What does your textbook say is best way to rehearse your speech?
Aloud standing just as you would when deliver your speech to your audience
True or False- Speaker have an ethical responsibility to give credit for information and ideas that are not their own
True
True or False- When considering your audience, consider them as a group, rather than individuals
True
Delivering a speech in a heightened conversational style from a well developed and researched outline is termed
Extemporaneous Speaking
Speech communication
intentional semiotic process of generating and attributing shared meaning
Synthetic procession
have the genetic make up to speak
Physical appraise
include teaching and learning
Systemic system
include signal and sign
Systemic has 3 channels
1. signal are nonverbal and the most basic
2. Sign are nonverbal, the 2nd most basic
3. Symbol deal with language and line most complex
Process has 3 characteristic
1. Dynastic- constantly changing
2. adaptive- intentional change base on feedback
3. Rule of grammar and genitive politeness, genetic, and tact
Shared meaning
purpose of speech communication and that goal is to share information clearly
Public speaking and conversation has similarity
1. Both require speaker to focus and verbalize their thought
2. Both require speaker to address their message base on feedback
Their are foundational difference between public speaking and conversation
1. Public speaking is more formal
2. conversation is more plain
3. in public speaking the role of speaking are more clearly to find
Ethic in speaking
Give you the right to free speech caring heavy ethnically responsibility
Personal concern
internal
Outside distraction
external
The first stage of audience analyze
democratic (age, gender, sexual orientation, culture, race, and etc0
The second stage of audience analyze
situational (time, place, size of the audience, and occasion
Main point
have between 2 to 5 main points
Organization pattern
1. chronological follow a time sequence
2. Spatial is a directional pattern
3. problem and solution
Preparation outline
detail outline to plan your speech
Guideline for preparation outline
1. should include specific purpose statement
2. should include the central idea
3. should clearly label the introduction, body, and conclusion
4. should use institution and invitation
5. should state main point and sub point in full sentence
6 label transition
7. include a bibliography
Speaking or delivering outline
brief outline use to deliver your speech
Guideline for speaking outline
1. should follow the visual frame work as preparation outline
2. should be plainly legible
3. should be brief as possible (no full sentences)
4. May include clues or speak delivery
Oral style is
more personal, less formal, and more repetition
Classroom questionnaire contain
1. fixed alternative question
2. scale question
3. open- ended question
Questionnaire guideline
1. Must be type
2. must have enough copy for the class
3. must include at least one of each question type (5 to 6 total
4. Collect and tally result
Persuasion
process of creating reinforcement or changing people beliefs or acting
Type of persuasive speeches
1. proposition of fact- this is the yes or no speech
2. Proposition of values- this is a good or bad speech
3. proposition off politic- this your should or should not speech