Public Speaking 111 Ch 9

Methods of gaining attention
Relate topic to audience
State importance
Startle the audience or arouse their curiosity
Question the audience
Begin with quotation
Tell a story
The audiences perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic
The audiences perception of whether the speaker has the best interests of the audience in mind
Rhetorical Question
A question that the audience answers mentally rather than out loud
Preview Statement
A statement in the introduction of a speech that identifies the main points to be discussed in the body of the speech
10-20% of total speech, look for materials during research, be creative
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The conclusion
Signal the end of the speech and reinforce the central idea, 5-10% of speech, conclude with a bang
Crescendo Ending
A conclusion In which the speech builds to a zenith of power and intensity
Dissolve Ending
A conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading step by step to a dramatic final statement
Reinforcing the central idea
Summarize your speech, end with a quotation, and make a dramatic statement
Introduction objectives
Get attention and interest your audience
Reveal the topic
Establish credibility
Preview the body of the speech