Psychology Quiz 6

deliver electric shocks to a learner for giving incorrect answers
Participants in the Milgram Studies were ordered to _______________.
gain social approval
Normative social influence results from peoples’ desire to ___________.
comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request
The foot-in-the-door phenomenon refers to the tendency to _____________.
the intent to hurt
According to the text, aggression always involves ______________.
experience increasing attraction to novel stimuli that become more familiar
The mere exposure effect refers to the fact that people _____________.
fundamental attribution error
In explaining the actions of people we do not know well, we often demonstrate the ______________.
the group judgement was clearly incorrect
Solomon Asch reported that individuals conformed to a group’s judgment of the lengths of lines when _______________.
exert less effort when they are pooling their efforts toward a common goal
Social Loafing refers to the tendency for people to ____________.
individuals share a similar opinion
Group Polarization is most likely to occur in a group which _____________.
groupthink
The ill-fated decision of President John F. Kennedy and his advisors in invade Cuba best Illustrates the dangers of _______________.
role
The set of prescribed behaviors associated with a particular social position is best described as a (n) ____________________.
an attempt to achieve some goal is blocked
The frustration-aggression principle suggests that anger results when ____________.
an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members
Prejudice is best defined as ______________.
social psychology
Which branch of psychology is most directly concerned with the study of how people think about, influence and relate to one another?
role-playing on attitudes
Philip Zimbardo devised a simulated prison and randomly assigned college students to serve as prisoners or guards. This experiment best illustrated the impact of _________________.
conformity
Adjusting one’s behavior or thinking toward a group standard is called _____________.
social inequalities
Prejudice is most likely to develop as a way of justifying ______________.
a loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
Deindividuation refers to __________________.
social responsibility norm
An expectation that people will help those who depend on them is known as the __________________.
social scripts
Culturally modeled guides for how to act in various situations are called _________________.
altruism
Behaving with unselfish concern for the welfare of others is called _______________.
discrimination
Unjustifiable and negative behavior toward a group and its members is called _____________________.
even ordinary people, who are not usually hostile, can become agents of destruction
According to Milgram, the most fundamental lesson to be learned from his study of obedience is that ____________________.
situational influences; personal dispositions
The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of _____________and to overestimate the impact of _________________in explaining the behavior of others.
emergency is being observed by a number of other people
The bystander effect refers to the tendency for an observer of an emergency to withhold aid if the ____________________.
a great sense of responsibility for engaging in behaviors of which we personally disapprove
We are most likely to experience cognitive dissonance if we feel _______________.
passionate love
The two-factor theory of emotion has been used to explain ____________.
perform well-learned tasks more effectively in the presence of others
Social Facilitation refers to the tendency to _________________.
Equity, self-disclosure, and positive support
Three keys to an enduring companionate love include ___________,___________, and _____________.
how people explain others’ behavior
Attribution theory was designed to account for _________________.