Psychology: Individual Interactions Topic Test

Some ant colonies consist of a queen, who performs all reproductive duties for the colony, and worker ants, who perform all the labor that the colony needs to gather food, expand and defend territory, and survive. The worker ants are also able to—but do not—contribute reproductively to the colony. In a colony like this, the worker ants will give their lives to defend the queen.
Why is the worker ant considered altruistic?
B.
The worker ant is willing to forgo reproduction itself.
What effect does a sense of urgency often have on the incidence of altruistic behavior?
An elevated sense of urgency will increase altruistic behavior.
What is the physiological reason we are motivated to help others?
to relieve the emotional agitation caused by empathy
Juniper, a college student, is walking to her next class, which begins in five minutes. She knows that the professor is very irritated by lateness and may ask her to leave the classroom if she is late. While she is rushing to the class, she notices a man lying on the sidewalk. The man is clutching his throat and turning blue. When she notices this, Juniper’s palms begin to sweat and she feels agitated. Juniper notices that there are many other students in the area who have noticed the man.
Which of the following factors is likely to discourage Juniper from performing an altruistic act?
C.
Juniper sees that there are many other witnesses.
Which of the following statements regarding emotion and altruism is true?
B.
The cause of happiness does not make a difference in whether or not someone demonstrates altruism.
What is the observed effect of altruistic tendencies among female vampire bats?
A.
Vampire bats who share food tend to live longer than other bats.
Which of the following is an example of kin selection?
IS NOT
C.
A badger attacks a bear who was foraging for food.
Some ant colonies consist of a queen, who performs all reproductive duties for the colony, and worker ants, who perform all the labor that the colony needs to gather food, expand and defend territory, and survive. The worker ants are also able to—but do not—contribute reproductively to the colony. In a colony like this, the worker ants will give their lives to defend the queen.
What is the most likely explanation for the altruistic behavior of the worker ants?
A.
kin selection
Some researchers believe there is no such thing as true altruistic behavior because they believe that helping behavior__________.
IS NOT
A.
is unrelated to biological concerns
Which of the following is an example of violence?
Julia, a child, shoves the new girl at school out of the way in order to get on the swings.
Which of the following is an example of instrumental aggression?
B.
holding up a bank (bank robbery)
According to the frustration-aggression principle, what is the relationship between frustration and aggression?
A.
Frustration often leads to aggression.
Paul watches a lot of violent television. When he goes to school, he is usually anxious because he believes that the other students may attack him. His constant agitation prevents him from concentrating in class.
Which of the following effects is most likely responsible for Paul’s behavior?
B.
victim effect
Which of the following is an example of hostile aggression?
kicking someone during a heated argument
The social interaction theory claims that aggressive behavior is __________.
IS NOT
A.
beneficial for releasing toxic emotions
Timothy is having a debate with another person. During the debate, Timothy’s opponent claims that Timothy is not intelligent enough to argue correctly. This causes Timothy to become embarrassed.
Based on the above reading, why is Timothy likely to respond to this insult with aggressive behavior?
IS NOT
D.
Timothy understands that aggression is a tool.
Desensitization is a cognitive phenomenon in which those exposed to violence tend to __________.
B.
become numb to more violence
How is anger different from aggression?
IS NOT
B.
Anger is temporary, and aggression is a permanent behavioral trait.
Passionate love is generally comprised of which two components of romantic love?
A.
intimacy and passion
Frank is living in a third floor apartment. He has four neighbors on the third floor:
Judy, who lives next door, Henry, who lives two doors down, Polly, who lives three doors down, and Julian, who lives four doors down.
In accordance with the effects of proximity, which of the following is the most likely outcome of this living arrangement?
Frank and Judy will become friends.
If two individuals are categorized as having used complex matching to date, what can be assumed about them?
D.
The individuals differ greatly in physical attractiveness.
Based on the evolutionary perspective of mate selection, what is the best explanation for an individual’s mate selection preferences?
Individuals want to increase their chances of successfully producing offspring.
Which of the following features is not universally accepted as a sign of physical attractiveness?
B.
a curvy figure
Which of the following is not an advantage that attractive people enjoy in interpersonal relationships?
IS NOT
D.
being perceived as more successful
According to the evolutionary perspective of mate selection, why do men and women exhibit different preferences in mate selection?
IS NOT
A.
Each gender has differing hormone compositions.