Psychology chapters 1-3

A random sample of a large group of people is one which
self reported behavior or attitude
The behavior of genetics perspectives would be most directly concerned with assessing the relative influence of
Nature and nurture
The first psychological laboratory was established by
Wilhelm Wundt
Which specialist would most likely to prescribe a drug for treatment of a psychological disorder
Psychiatry
The first woman to reeve her PH.Din psychology and later wrote an influential book “The animal mind”
Margret Floy Washburn
Who would have been most likely to ignore mental process and to define psychology as “the scientific study of observable behavior”
John Watson and B.F skinner
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Which psychological perspective is most likely to examine how group membership influences individual attitude and behaviors?
Social-cultural perspective
As people prepare for their test they often believe that they understand the course material better than they actually do.
Judgemental over confidence
B.F Skinner was a prominent American
Behaviorist
William Wundt was both
Philosopher and physiologist
What is psychology’s biggest and most persistent issue?
Nature-Nurture
A prominent psychology text was published in 1890. Who was the author?
William James
In the early twentieth century who redefined psychology as ” the science of observable behavior”
B.F Skinner, John Watson
The perspective in psychology that focuses on how behavior and thought differ from situation to situation and from culture to culture is the
social cultural perspective
A psychologist using the behavioral perspective would be most likely to study
behaviors in different situation
Hindsight bias refers to our tendency to
believe after an outcome that one would have foreseen it
This psychologist study the links between our biology and our behavior
biological psychologist
This is the oldest and most inner part of the brain
brainstem
This part of the brain stem that controls the heart beat and breathing is the
Medulla
The lower brain structure that governs the arousal is the
Reticular Formation
The part of the brain that coordinates voluntary movements
Pans
Plasticity
Change and adopt as a result of an experience
split brain
damage corpus callasum
What is the difference between Brocas area and Wernickes area?
Broca production of language and wernickes production of comprehension
Aphasia
disorder that results from damage portions responsible for the brain
Dual processing
The principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
inattentional blindness
failure to see visible objects when our attention is occupied elsewhere
change blindness
failing to notice changes in the environment
Selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Durring stage one light sleep a person is most likely to experience
Sudden muscle contraction
Our body temperature tends to rise and fall in sync with a biological clock
Ciradian Rhythm
in interpreting dreams Freaud was most interested in
ltent content and hidden meaning
The tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation
REM rebound
most experts agree that hypnosis can be effectively used to
relieve pain
continues use of a psychoactive drug produces tolerance; this usually means that the user will
need to take larger doses to get the desired effect
Depressants include alcohol barbiturates and
opiates
nicotine and cocaine stimulate neural activity speed up body functions and
no appetite and energy and self confidence rises
Log term effect of ecstasy can
cause permanent damage to mood memory and immune system
Near death experience are strikingly similar to the hallucinations evoked by
Hallucinogens