Psychology Chapter 11

adrenaline and cortisol
Which hormones are the brain designed to release under stress?
manage our sleep-wake cycle
For which of the following activities are adrenaline and cortisol NOT responsible?
shrink and change shape.
Chronic stress, and the constant release of cortisol, causes neurons in the brain to
immune system
Health psychologists are interested in researching the association between one’s emotional state and the success of the ____________ in fighting disease.
produces threats to our well-being.
A stressor:
personal stressor.
Josh recently was fired from his latest employment as a sanitary engineer. He is experiencing a:
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re-experiencing the event in vivid flashbacks or dreams.
Some victims of major catastrophes and severe personal stressors experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in which someone has experienced a significantly stressful event that has long-lasting effects that may include:
The strategy for coping with stress that tries to keep the problem out of awareness is known as
make an active effort to change the situation.
The active-behavioral coping strategy for dealing with stress tries to
active-cognitive strategy
The active efforts to construct thoughts to help cope with problems is the
avoidance strategy
Which of the following is an emotion-focused coping strategy?
events that can control, such as a failing grade
People are most likely to employ a problem-focused coping strategy to handle
The average college student experiences approximately ________ stressful events every year.
Commuting to campus
According to the College Stress Test, which of the following events is considered the least stressful?
even normal events, such as registering for classes, can cause stress.
Research on stress in college students has found that
On the same day that Tyler had two important exams, he found out that his girlfriend had been cheating on him. Cecila, a freshman, is living away from home and trying to maintain a 4.0 grade-point average. Based on this information, who would have a higher stress score?
Drinking alcoholic beverages.
Which of the following is not a suggestion for relieving stress?
prepare to fight the stressor.
The second stage of the general adaptation syndrome is resistance; in this stage, people:
learned helplessness
Which of the following occurs when people conclude that conditions in their lives that are intolerable cannot be controlled, and they give up on trying to change them?
type A behavior.
John is always on the go, trying to accomplish as much as he can in as little time as possible. He does not like waiting in traffic and gets rather angry when he is delayed. It seems he just cannot relax in these situations. John exhibits
relaxing in front of a roaring fire
John’s younger brother, Scott, is definitely a type B personality. Which of the following behaviors is Scott likely to exhibit?
men with type A behavior showed an increased likelihood of developing heart disease in late life.
Research on the link between type A behavior and heart disease found that
People with type A behavior can easily change to a different behavioral style.
Which of the following is false regarding type A behavior?
not especially time-oriented
Which of the following is characteristic of the typical Type B individual?
coronary heart disease.
The importance of the Type A behavior pattern lies in its links to:
Type D behavior pattern.
Darryl is a very insecure, anxious individual who always has a negative outlook on life. He likely fits a:
in between type A and type B.
Most people can be categorized as
1. high self-esteem
2. firm sense of control
3. have close relationships
Which of the following are characteristics of happy people?
set point for happiness
Bryan had a serious motorcycle accident where he was in the hospital and therapy for almost a year. Before the accident, Bryan was a happy-go-lucky, carefree individual. During the aftermath of the accident, for about a year he was moody and somewhat down. However, once his therapy was over, he returned to the happy-go-lucky, carefree self again. Which concept can best explain the stability of overall mood experience by Bryan?