a. Quetelet’s and Galton’s work in statistics
b. The work of Darwin and Galton and comparative research
c. Wundt’s and Titchener’s systems
d. The comparative research of physiologists and Darwin’s work
e. Weber’s and Fechner’s work in psychophysics
a. No inland body of water would hold such a vessel.
b. The giraffe’s neck had become too long after generations of having to reach for higher and higher branches to find food.
c. Because the attitude of positivism allowed for no supernatural explanations.
d. Galton’s work in statistics showed that it was mathematically impossible.
e. There were too many identified species to fit two of each into a boat.
a. heritability of variations
b. tenet of survival of the fittest
c. normal distribution of traits in a population
d. process of natural selection
e. fact of variation among members of the species
a. in only one generation, natural selection produced a better-adapted species
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. when heavy rains became common, birds with slender beaks flourished
d. Darwin had underestimated the power of natural selection
e. under drought conditions, more thick-than thin-beaked birds survived and reproduced
a. animal psychology
b. None of these.
c. comparative psychology
d. All of these.
a. product-moment correlations
b. natural selection
c. Darwin’s theory of evolution
d. artificial selection
a. the effects of childhood experiences on the adult
b. empiricism as purported by Locke and Mill
c. Ebbinghaus’s decay theory of memory
d. rationalism as purported by Berkeley, Kant, and Descartes
e. Müller’s interference theory of memory
a. critical thinking regarding the inner workings of the animal mind
b. reliance on experimentation
c. subjective interpretations
d. stimulation of the development of comparative psychology
e. phenomenological psychology