PSY Test 2

According to Piaget, imaging an action and mentally reversing it would be an example of
mental operation
There is very little relationship between the age of an adult and his or her
level of life satisfaction
Developmental psychologists study physical, cognitive, and ______ change throughout the human life span
Social
Aerobic exercise programs during late adult hood stimulate improvement in
memory
One year old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than anyone else, this is called what
Secure attatchment
Professor Parker suggested that heterosexual adults are genetically predisposed to form monogamous bonds because this practice facilitated the cooperative nurture and survival of children. The Professor Suggestion best illustrates a ______ perspective
Evolutionary
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Adolescence extends from
the beginning of sexual maturity to independent adulthood
Your understanding and awareness of who you are is your
self concept
Physical abilities such as muscular strength, reaction time, sensory keenness, and cardiac output reach their peak during
Early adulthood
Psychologist Jonathan Haidt has described our moral intuitions as
Quick gut feelings
The ability to think logically about hypothetical situations is indicative of the _____ stage of development
Formal operation
One of the three major concerns of development psychology involves focus on
continuity and stages
Alzheimers disease involves a deterioration of neurons that produce
acetylcholine
Many researchers believe that adult styles of romantic love correspond with childhood patterns of
attatchment
According to Vygotsky, parents who say no when pulling a childs hand away from a cake are given the child a tool for
self control
Our earliest conscious memories seldom predate our third birthday. This best illustrates
Infantile Amnesia
In teen calls to hotline counseling services, the most discussed topic is
peer relationships
A preference for out mothers voice over our fathers voice has been detected as early as
The day of birth
The pupil is
The adjustable opening in the center of the eye
Hubel and Weisel identified_____ that respond to specific aspects of visual stimulation
Feature Detectors
Bottom up processing involves analysis that begins with the
sensory receptors
If two objects are assumed to be the same size, the object that cast the smaller retinal image is perceived to be
more distant
The ability to see objects in three dimensions is most essential for making judgement of
Distance
For burn victims, a computer generated virtual reality can help control pain by means of
Thought distraction
The Phi Phenomenon refers to
The perception of movement created by the successive blinking
Place theory suggests that
The pitch we hear is related to the place where the chocleas basilar membrane is stimulated
Receptor cells for our senses of_____reproduce themselves every week or two
Taste
The classics gate control theory suggest that pain is experienced when small nerve fibers activate and open a neural gate in the
Spinal Cord
During a hearing test, many sounds were presented at such a low level of intensity that Mr. Antall could hardly detect them. These sounds were below Mr. Antalls
Absolute Threshold
Objects are brought into focus on the retina by changes in the curve and thickness of the
Lens
The principle that two stimuli must differ by a constant minimum proportion to their difference to be perceives is known as
Weber’s Law
A clouding of the lens of the eye is called a
Cataracts
A concept that helps us interpret ambiguous sensations is called a
Schema
The bones of the middle ear relay vibrations received from the
Eardrum
Which of the following represents stimulus energies by the nervous system is called
Sensation
Which of the following senses is best described as a chemical sense
Smell
The ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field is called
Perceptual Adaptation
Psychologists define learning as the process of
Acquiring new information or relatively enduring behaviors
A partial schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses is a ____ Schedule
Variable Ratio
The acquisition of mental information by observing events, watching others nor through language is called
Cognitive Learing
A dog salivates to the sound of a tone because the tone has regularly been associated with the delivery of food. In this case, the tone is called a
Conditioned Stimulus
Resistance to extinction is most strongly encouraged by_____Reinforcement
Intermittent
Alex learned to babysit and care for young children effectively by observing the many ways his mother carefully nurtured his own younger siblings. This best illustrates the value of observational learning for promoting
Pro Social Behavior
Mirror neurons are believed by some scientists to provide a biological basis for
Observational Learning
In classical Conditioning, generalization refers to the tendency for the conditioned response to be evoked by stimuli that are similar to the
Conditioned stimulus
Your heart may race when you are confronted by a lion but not when you are approached by a kitten. This best illustrates the adaptive value of
Discrimination
Without conscious reflection, people often yawn when they observe others yawning. Researchers are now considering whether this can be attributed to
Mirror Neuron Activity
In Pavlovs experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the US was
the presentation of food
Correlation studies show that prolonged viewing of televised violence____increased rates of violent behavior
Predicts
Voluntary behaviors that produce rewarding or punishing consequences are called
Operant behaviors
In a well known experiment, preschool children pounded and kicked a large inflated bobo doll that an adult had just beaten on. This experiment served to illustrate the importance of
Observational Learning
Jordan is frightened by the sound of a train whistle. The sound is a
Stimulus
Administering an adverse stimulus following an operant response is
Positive punishment
Primary reinforcers could best be described as
Innately satisfying Stimuli
The desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment of
Cognitive processes
Echoic memory refers to
A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
by consciously rehearsing facts you need to learn in many separate study sessions occuring throughout the semester, you are most clearly taking
The spacing effect
Forming many occasions between new course material and what you already know is an effective way to build a network of
Retrieval Cues
The Tenancy to recall the first and last terms in a list better than the middle terms is known as the ____ effect
serial position
Associating carrots with a mental image of a bun, milk with a mental image of a shoe, and paper towels with a mental image of a tree best illustrates
The peg word system
The retention of encoded information over time refers to
Storage
Dating partners who fall in love tend to______ how much they liked each other when they first met
Overestimate
Dating partners who break up tend to______ how much they liked each other when they first met
Underestimate
Elevated levels of stress hormones most clearly contribute to developing
Flashbulb memories
Which type of memory has an essentially limitless capacity
Long term memory
Which neural center is the limbic system helps process explicit memories for storage
Hippocampus
Words, images and other bits of information used to access a stored memory is called
Retrieval Cues
Which measure of memory is used on a test that requires matching glossary terms with their correct defintions
Recognition
Judy is embarrassed because she momentarily fails to remember a good friends name. Judy’s poor memory lost likely results from failure in
Retrieval
Explicit memory is also know as
Declarative memory