Practice

Which of the following terms best describes the ” system of meaning and power that culture create to determine who is related to whom and to define their mutual expectations, rights, and responsibilities”?

A. Exogamy
B. Affinal relationship
C. Lineage
D. Kinship

Kinship
Marriages based on love, intimacy and personal pleasure, as opposed to social obligation are known as

A. Companionate marriages
B. Polyandrous marriages
C. Arranged marriages
D. Affinal marriages

Companionate marriages
A matrilineal descent pattern traces descent
A. Through the fathers line only
B. Through both father and mothers line
C. Alternating between the mothers line and fathers line
D. Through the mothers line only
Through the mothers line only
Anthropologists use to term “affinal relationships” to refer to kinship relationships created by
A. Compassionate marriages
B. Arranged marriage
C. Cross cousin marriage
D. All of these
All of these
The term “endogamy” refers to a marriage pattern by which one is expected to marry a
A. Cross cousin
B. Partner from outside the group
C. Partner from inside the group
D. Person from a different ethnicity
Partner from inside the group
The conception of the nuclear family as the idealized kinship structure in American culture came to prominence
A. After the civil war, as the United States became an industrialized nation
B. In England, long before colonists migrated to North America
C. After World War II, when the United States experienced a period of economic expansion
D. After the American Revolution, as American culture began to develop as a separate entity
After world war 11, when the United States experienced a period of economic expansion
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In her ethnographic study families we choose, Kath Weston demonstrates that kinship networks
A. Can be constructed through personal choice
B. Can be dictated by the parental generation
C. Are based on cohabitation and not biology
D. Are based solely on biological descent
Can be constructed through personal choice
The recent increase in same sex marriages in the United States represents
A. The flexibility of kinship networks to adapt to chosen families
B. The ways in which cultural norms can be contested and debated on the public stage
C. The ways in which the legal structure can be changed and adapted to new circumstances
D. All of the above
All of the above
Karl Marx referred to religion as “the opiate of the masses”. In so doing, he was investigating the intersection of religion and which of the following aspects of human culture?

A. Power
B. Gender
C. Ritual
D. Kinship

Power
Research into the cultural construction of masculinity and femininity across cultures as flexible, complex and historically and culturally constructed categories is known as which of the following?

A. Gender studies
B. Gender ideology
C. Sexism
D. Feminism

A
Which of the following terms best describes ” the observable physical differences between male and female human beings especially the Biological differences related to human reproduction”?

A. Gender
B. Transgendered
C. Intersexual
D. Sex

D
Sex is to biology as _____ is to culture

A. Globalization
B. Sexual dimorphism
C. Gender
D. Anthropology

C
Human males are on average stronger than human females. Human females on average live longer than human males. these are all examples of what?

A. Sexual dimorphism
B. Cultural differences
C. Evolution
D. Gender

A
” individuals whose gender identities or performances do not fit with cultural norms related to their assigned sex at birth” are known as which of the following?

A. Culturally constructed
B. Intersexual
C. Transgendered
D. Sexually dimorphic

C
“individuals who have some combination of male and female genitalia, gonads and chromosomes” are known as which of the following?

A. Intersexual
B. Transgendered
C. Culturally constructive
D. Sexually dimorphic

A
Which of the following is used by students in US high schools to establish and guard constructions of masculinity, according to CJ Pascoe?

A. Machismo
B. Student handbooks
C. “Fag” discourse
D. Sports

C
Approximately what percentage of humans are born with biological traits associated with neither exactly male nor female?

A. 0.7 percent
B. 2.3 percent
C. 0.3 percent
D. 1.7 percent

D
Which of the following terms has been defined by Michael Foucault as “the disciplining of the body through control of biological sex characteristics to meet cultural needs for clear distinctions between the sexes”?

A. Enculturation
B. Persuasive medicine
C. Biopower
D. Scientific coercion

C
Transgendered individuals are common in many Native American groups. which of the following terms is most appropriately use today to describe such individuals?

A. Two spirits
B. First Nations
C. Intersexual
D. Berdache

A
What percentage of the world’s poorest people are women and girls?

A. 40 percent
B. 30 percent
C. 60 percent
D. 50 percent

C
True or false? Males are the universally dominant gender in human societies. choose the single best answer below

A. True, because anthropological investigation confirms more power for males and all societies
B. True, because females are universally less interested in tasks anthropologist described as leadership oriented
C. False, because previous assumptions of universal male dominance were revealed to be overly simplistic in the reading of contemporary cultures
D. False, because of the discovery in 1997 of them Amazonian tribe with exclusively female leadership

C
Among the EToro of Papua New Guinea, males have almost exclusive access to power and wealth and resources over females this is an example of which of the following terms

A. Gender stereotypes
B. Genre stratification
C. Gender violence
D. Gender ideology

B
Henry believes that women are poorly suited to athletic activities and should do all of the cooking and cleaning around the house and aside from being seen as particularly boorish by contemporary American cultural standards Henry’s beliefs are an example of which of the following

A. Gender stratification
B. Gender violence
C. Gender ideology
D. Gender stereotypes

D
“A set of cultural ideas about men’s and women’s essential character capabilities and value that consciously or unconsciously promote and justify gender certification” is known as which of the following

A. Gender stratification
B. Gender ideology
C. Gender violence
D. Gender stereotypes

B
This group participated in movements for greater democratization in El Salvador particularly demanding the inclusion of women at all levels of El Salvador’s political decision-making bodies. they were known as the

A. IAAF
B. Zar practitioners
C. CO-MADRES
D. Sandinistas

C
Barbara ehrenreich has Suggested that the primary resource extracted from the worlds poorer nations today is which of the following?

A. Agricultural products
B. Precious metals
C. Love
D. Energy

C
“A kinship group in which primary relationships are traced through consanguine(blood) relatives” is known as which of the following ?

(A) an affinal relationship
(B) a companionate family
(C) a primary group
(D) a descent group

D
“A type of descent group that traces genealogical connection through generations by linking persons to a founding ancestor” with documentation, is best known as which of the following?

A. An affinal
B. An ambilineal
C. A lineage
D. A clan

C
“A type of design group based on a claim to a founding ancestor but lacking genealogical documentation” is best known as which of the following?

A. A clan
B. An affinal
C. A lineage
D. An ambilineal

A
“A kinship relationship established through marriage and/or alliance, not through biology or common descent” is known as which of the following ?

A. An affinal relationship
B. A primary group
C. A companionate family
D. A descent group

A
Marriage is based on love, intimacy and personal pleasure as opposed to social obligation, are known as which of the following?

A. Affinal marriages
B. Companionate marriages
C. Polyandrous marriages
D. Arranged marriages

B
Traditionally, Nuer men could be married to more than one woman. which term best describes this practice?

A. Polygyny
B. Companionate
C. Monogamy
D. Polyandry

A
Answer animal parts of Tibet one woman will become married to all of the brothers in a particular family. which term best describes his practice?

A. Monogamy
B. Companionate
C. Polyandry
D. Polygyny

C
Which of the following terms refers to marriage to one person(only)

A. Companionate
B. Polygyny
C. Polyandry
D. Monogamy

D
In the United States law and custom forbid marriage to certain family members. these laws and customs perpetuate:

A. Kindred exogamy
B. Kindred endogamy
C. Polyandry
D. Serial monogamy

A
“A gift from the groom and his kin to the brides kin” is best known as which of the following terms?

A. Bridewealth
B. Dowry
C. Kindred exogamy
D. Kindred exogamy

A
In India, The compulsory practice of a brides family providing gifts to the grooms family upon marriage was outlawed in 1961, as it led to multiple of domestic violence best practice was best known as which of the following?

A. Dowry
B. Kindred exogamy
C. Bridewealth
D. Kindred endogamy

A
“A set of beliefs based on a unique vision of how the world ought to be, often revealed through insights into a supernatural power and lived out in community” is best known as which of the following terms

A. Protestantism
B. Sacred
C. Religion
D. Atheism

C
“A person who sacrifices his or her life for the sake of religion” is best known as which of the following

A. Haziri
B. Martyr
C. Zealot
D. Saint

B
“An individual who is considered exceptionally close to God and is exalted after death” is best known as which of the following

A. Zealot
B. Martyr
C. Haziri
D. Saint

D
Which of the following terms refers to an alienation that individuals experience when faced with physical dislocation and the destruction of their social networks and group values”

A. Rite is passage
B. Profane
C. Haziri
D. Anomie

D
Which of the following is the correct sequence of phases in a rite of passage?

A. Separation, incorporation, Liminality
B. Exclusion, separation, Liminality
C. Separation, Liminality, incorporation
D. Incorporation, separation, Liminality

C
Which of the following terms best refers to the sons of Camaraderie developed during a rite of passage?

A. Haziri
B. Anomie
C. Communitas
D. Liminality

D
“The complex historical and social development through which symbols are given power and meaning” are known as which of the following?

A. Authorizing processes
B. Communitas
C. Profane
D. Anomie

A
“A religious journey to a sacred place as a sign of devotion and in search of transformation and enlightenment” is best known as which of the following terms

A. Anomie
B. Communitas
C. Rite of passage
D. Pilgrimage

D
Karl Marx famously referred to religion as “the opiate of the masses” in so doing he was investigating the intersection of religion and which of the following aspects of human culture?

A. Power
B. Kinship
C. Gender
D. Ritual

A
Who posited that “as a Society became more rationalized it also risked becoming more secural- less religious- and thus loosing the very spirit that has driven it success and development”

A. Mary Douglas
B. Karl Marx
C. Marvin Harris
D max Weber

D
Which of the following derives from the name given to healing specialists among the seminomadic people of Siberia, but it has since been applied to healers, spiritualist, witches and which doctors and cultures worldwide

A. Imam
B. Shaman
C. Guru
D. Cleric

B