Practice unit 1

Philosopher who was the first to conclude that knowledge results from our memories of our experiences
Aristotle
John Locke and Bacon
Helped modern empiricism
Aristotle
Most enthusiastic about empiricism
First psychological laboratory
Wilhelm wundt
Wilhelm Wundt lab work involved
Reactions to sensory stimulation
Wilhelm’s early experiments were attempts to investigate what are of psychology
Mental processes
Wundt considered the first scientific researcher because
Gathered data through experiments in his lab
Introspection
Examine and report their conscience experiences
Monitor and report their immediate sensory reactions
Introspection
The unreliability of introspection contributed to the waning popularity of
Structuralism
American structuralist
William James
Functionalism focused attention on the
Adaptive value of conscious thoughts and emotions
Mary calkins
Student of William James + first female president of the APA
William James
Authored a textbook in 1890 for the emerging discipline of psychology
Ignore mental processes and to define psychology as “the scientific study of observable behavior”
John B. Watson
Human behavior: psychoanalyst
Focus on childhood behavior
Human behavior: humanistic psychologist
Environmental influences on potential
Behaviorist dismiss the value of
Introspection
Rejected the value of introspection
Watson
Contemporary psychology is best defined as the scientific study of
Behavior and mental processes
Aristotle is to
Nurture
Plato is to
Nature
The inheritance of behavioral characteristics was emphasized by
Charles Darwin
Natural selection
Survival of organisms best suited to a particular environment is
Highlighted the reproductive advantages of environmentally adaptive traits
Darwin
Agree with Darwins behavior shit
The American, James
The biopsychosocial approach provides an understanding of social-cultural influences integrated within the larger framework of
Multiple levels of analysis
Biopsychosocial approach
Low self esteem issues + social influences
Biological
perspective is the most relevant to understanding the impact of strokes and brain diseases on memory
Which perspective most clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses
Behavioral
Which perspective is the most concern with the unique ways in which individuals interpret their own life experiences
Cognitive
Which perspective would suggest that the facial expressions associated with the emotions of lust and rage inherited
Evolutionary
Relationships between brain chemistry and intellectual functioning
Biological psychology
Conducts basic research on the systematic changes in intelligence associated with aging
Developmental psychologist
Basic research on the relative effectiveness of massed practice and spaced practice on a person ms ability to remember information
Cognitive psychologist
Conducts basic research on the impact of racial prejudice on behavior
Social psychologists
Basic research on the relationship between adults language skills and their capacity to solve mathematical problems
Cognitive
Tests to accurately identify the most qualified job applicants
Industrial-organizational psychologist
Which professional speciality focuses on the diagnosis and people with psychological disorders
Clinical
Clinical psychologist
Treats people who suffer from severe disorders
Medical degree
Psychiatrists
Whether individual different affect learning
Educational psychologist
SQ3R
Utilize active processing of the text information
Forensic psychologist
Helps an attorney in a case
Background in statistics + away from people is
Psychometric psychologist
WORKING WITH THE BRAIN
Neuropsychologist
Changing lives
Counseling psychologist
Community psychologist
Who goes into areas that have been hit by natural causes