Philosophy

The goal of dialectic is to achieve a shallow, vague, nonrational understanding of the most significant areas of human experience.
False
Socrates believed that “it was better to suffer wickedness than to commit it.”
True
Sophia is the Greek word for:
Wisdom
Socrates was committed to making our actions reflect our convictions.
True
Parmenides argued that reality is changing.
False
Thales argued that water is the primary substance.
True
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Socrates believed that “no one unknowingly does evil.”
False
__________ argued that all things are in a constant state of flux and the universe is governed by logos.
Heraclitus
A method using dynamic questions and intellectual analysis is known as:
Socratic method
Heraclitus argued that all things are in a constant state of change and the universe is governed by logos.
True
Socrates believed that “the truth lies within each of us.”
True
Irony is a form of rhetoric that has at least two conflicting levels of meaning.
True
Episteme is the Greek word for:
Knowledge
_________ argued that reality is unchanging and eternal, and the world of change is an illusion.
Paremenides
Arête is the Greek word for:
Virtue
The sophists exhibited which of the following characteristics:
All of the above
Socrates believed that “we should strive for excellence in some areas of life.”
False
According to Socrates, __________ is considered the identity of the person.
Psyche
Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted to understand the world and life through:
Reason and Observation.
The structure of an argument is a group of statements in which there are certain statements offered in support of another statement.
True
Philosophy helps students enrich their understanding of the world and their own lives
True
Critical thinking is a skill that allows people to blindly accept the thinking of others.
False
Match the correct term and definition
A. Metaphysics
B. Epistemology
C. Ethics
D. Aesthetics
E. Logic
A. The study of the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence.
B. The study to knowledge.
C. The study of moral values and principles.
D. The study of beauty, art, and taste.
E. The branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning and valid arguments.
Of the following, which is a form of an inductive argument?
A and B
Logic is the branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning, clear understanding, and valid arguments.
True
Of the following, which is not considered a quality of a critical thinker?
None of the above
The branch of philosophy that studies moral values and principles is:
Ethics
Russell argued that there is absolutely no “value” in studying philosophy.
False
Ethics is the study of the ultimate characteristics of reality and existence.
False
“Philosophy,” literally defined, means:
Love of wisdom
A categorical syllogism is considered a type of inductive argument.
False
Which of the following are considered deductive argument forms?
A and B
Studying philosophy allows one to confront deeper questions of the world and life.
True
The branch of philosophy that considers questions about what we can and cannot know is:
Epistemology
Of the following, which is not considered a fallacy of relevance?
None of the above
The ultimate aim of philosophy is:
All of the above
There is no difference between “having” a philosophy and “doing” philosophy.
False
There is no difference between “having” a philosophy and “doing” philosophy.
Hasty generalization
Causal reasoning is considered a type of inductive argument.
True
The branch of philosophy that studies beauty, art and, taste is:
Aesthetics