Performance of Philippine Agriculture

AGRO STRATUM

1

Consequence

  1. Background Information

Figure 1:Performance of Philippine Agriculture ( 2013-2014 )

Beginning:hypertext transfer protocol: //www.bas.gov.ph/ ? ids=agriperformance

Figure 2:Performance of Agriculture

Agriculture posted a 0.67 per centum end product increase in the first three ( 3 ) months of 2014. The lag in the sector ‘s growing could be traced to the annihilating effects of typhoons that hit the state in 2013. The end product additions noted in the harvests, farm animal and domestic fowl subsectors were negated by the contraction in the piscaries subsector. Gross net incomes amounted to P386.7 billion at current monetary values. This represented a 10.75 per centum addition from last year’s gross grosss.

Figure 3:Performance of Crops Subsector

The harvests subsector grew by 1.53 per centum. It contributed 54.40 per centum to the entire agricultural production. Production of palay went up by 3.28 per centum while that of maize increased by 1.33 per centum during the mention period. Significant additions were noted in the production of sugar cane, Ananas comosus, manioc and onion. At current monetary values, the subsector grossed P225.8 billion or 17.58 per centum higher than last year’s record.

Figure 4:Performance of Livestock Subsector

Production in the farm animal subsector went up by 1.20 per centum. The subsector shared 15.44 per centum in the entire agricultural end product. The major beginning of growing was the pig industry which expanded by 1.25 per centum. All other farm animal constituents recorded additions in production. The subsector grossed P57.4 billion at current monetary values or 5.59 per centum more than last year’s degree.

The domestic fowl subsector with its 14.46 per centum part to entire agribusiness grew by 1.33 per centum. Production additions in poulet at 2.50 per centum and duck at 0.10 per centum helped in prolonging the subsector’s growing. At current monetary values, the subsector’s gross value of production amounted to P45.7 billion. This indicated a 5.29 per centum betterment from last year’s record.

Figure 5:Performance of Fisheries Subsector

The piscaries subsector contracted by 3.25 per centum. The subsector accounted for 15.70 per centum of entire agricultural production. Reduced production was noted among all species except Euthynnus pelamis which registered a 4.62 per centum end product addition. The subsector grossed P57.8 billion, down by 2.64 per centum from last year’s record.

Figure 6:Farmgate Monetary values

On the norm, monetary values received by husbandmans increased by 10.01 per centum from last twelvemonth ‘s citations. In the harvests subsector, monetary values expanded by an norm of 15.81 per centum from the 2013 degrees. The farm animal and domestic fowl subsectors posted mean monetary value additions of 4.34 per centum and 3.90 per centum, severally. Monetary values in the piscaries subsector went up by an norm of 0.62 per centum this twelvemonth.

Table 1:Number and Area of Farms by Region: Philippines, 1991 and 2002

Region

Number of Farms

Area of Farms

2002

1991

2002

1991

Philippines

4,822,739

4610041

9,670,793

9974871

National Capital Region ( NCR )

22,820

15136

71,632

53646

Cordillera Administrative Region

120,104

108251

177,839

155581

I. Ilocos part

276,766

311757

270,664

324501

II. Cagayan Valley

321,755

285721

540,812

530143

III. Central Luzon

341,466

350786

552,104

632493

IVA. CALABARZON

282,746

319865

588,516

703256

Region

Number of Farms

Area of Farms

2002

1991

2002

1991

IVB. MIMAROPA

220,967

209248

542,218

569814

VIII. Eastern Visayas

330,750

321456

723,048

695711

IX. Zamboanga Peninsula

252659

235674

785,294

675723

Ten. Northern Mindanao

319157

289469

746,901

768290

Eleven. Davao Region

229966

267224

758,335

795893

Twelve.

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SOCCSKSARGEN

330571

264095

775,309

746702

Thirteen. Caraga

210184

189600

523,407

517446

Fourteen. ARMM

248528

227571

533,410

565219

Beginning: National Statics Office, 1991 Census of Agriculture and Fisheries and 2002 Census of Agriculture

In 2002, the Philippines registered a sum of 4.8 million agricultural farms, covering 9.7 million hectares. The entire agricultural land country constituted 32.2 per centum of the country’s entire land country. Although the figure of farms was 4.6 per centum higher than the 4.6 million farms reported in 1991, the country’s entire farm country decreased by three per centum after a period of more than one decennary. The lessening in entire farm country could be attributed to the transition of farming areas to residential and commercial intents. As a consequence, the mean farm size declined from 2.2 hectares per farm in 1991 to two hectares per farm in 2002.

Table 2:Impermanent Crops of Philippines

Crops

Number of Farms

Area of Farms

Rice

2,149,971

3,922,522

Corn

1,458,446

2,439,067

Tubers, Roots, Bulbs

1,364,276

277,153

Sugarcane

167,186

344,670

Fruit Bearing Vegetables

1,088,913

92,220

Beginning:hypertext transfer protocol: //www.census.gov.ph/old/data/sectordata/sr0414402.htm

The tabular array indicates that rice was systematically the major impermanent harvest of the Philippines accounting for 2.1 million farms with a combined country of 3.9 million hectares in 2002.This shows that the rice was the major impermanent harvest of the designated/allotted with a larger plantation country whenever planned to the Agri-complex to systematically derive the number/yield of production as the top impermanent harvest of the state followed by maize holding 1.5 million farms, third are the tubers, roots and bulbs followed by the fruit bearing veggies, sugar cane, leguminous workss, baccy, leafy veggies, stems, flower and peanuts.

Table 3:Output comparings of Hydroponics and Traditional Farming

Name of Crops

Aquicultural

Output ( per acre )

Traditional Farming

Output ( per acre )

Rice

12,000 pound

750-900lbs

Tomatos

180 dozenss

5-10 dozenss

Boodle

21,000 pound.

9,000 pound

Name of Crops

Aquicultural

Output ( per acre )

Traditional Farming

Output ( per acre )

Cucumber

28,000 pound

7,000 pound

Potatos

70 dozenss

8 dozenss

Cabbage

18,000 pound

13,000 pound

Cauliflower

30,000 pound

15-30,000 pound

Wheat

8,000 pound

5,600 pound

Beginning:hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ahga.org

The tabular array shows that farming with the usage of engineering such as aquicultures can bring forth higher sum of output than a traditional agriculture. Both consequences were based on 1-acre country, which is tantamount to 4,046.85 square metres. The table consequences show that the aquicultures system is more efficient than the traditional planting for the output it can bring forth and less ingestion of infinite to be applied to the Agri-complex. The tabular array will besides function as footing for the allotment of country of the plantation/production country of the Agri-complex per floor

Figure 7:Share of Agriculture in Total Employment in Central Luzon, 2012

The figure above shows that the portion of agribusiness in entire employment was worsening. In 2012, the portion went down to 32 per centum.

Table 4:Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Central Luzon, 2012

Sexual activity

Noun phrase

Real

Male

312.40

237.02

Female

260.91

197.96

Both

307.36

233.20

Beginning:hypertext transfer protocol: //countrystat.bas.gov.ph/ ? cont=16 & A ; r=3

The tabular array shows the part ‘s entire employment in 2012 and about 21 per centum was in the agribusiness sector. Of this, 80 per centum engaged in agricultural were male workers.

Entire Employment ( CY2012 )= 3,877,000 individuals

Agricultural Employment= 820,000 individuals

Figure 8:Distribution of employment for Agriculture constitutions by industry group in 2010

Beginning: National Statistic Office

Agribusiness, Forestry and Fishing constitutions employed a sum of 128,767 workers in 2010. Of the entire work force, 127,944 workers or 99.4 per centum were paid employees and the remainder were working proprietors and unpaid workers.

By industry group, turning of perennial harvests employed the largest figure of workers with 55,747 or 43.3 per centum of the sum followed by turning of non-perennial harvests supplying occupations to 32,860 workers ( 25.5 % ) . Fishing came in 3rd with 15,482 workers ( 12.0 % ) while carnal production ranked 4th with 11,434 workers ( 8.9 % ) .

Table 5:Number of happenings of typhoons in the Philippines by twelvemonth and by part, 2007–2010

Region

2007

2008

2009

2010

Entire

Annual Ave.

Philippines

13

21

22

11

67

17

Cordillera Administrative Region

5

10

10

3

28

7

I. Ilocos Region

5

11

11

4

31

8

II. Cagayan Valley

8

11

12

4

35

9

III. Central Luzon

6

10

9

3

28

7

IVA. CALABARZON

4

6

7

2

19

5

IVB. MIMAROPA

3

9

4

2

18

5

V. Bicol Region

4

6

4

1

15

4

VI. Western Visayas

2

6

1

0

9

2

VII. Central Visayas

1

6

3

0

10

3

VIII. Eastern Visayas

2

7

3

0

15

4

Region

2007

2008

2009

2010

Entire

Annual Ave.

IX. Zamboanga Peninsula

0

1

0

0

1

0

Ten. Northern Mindanao

1

3

2

0

6

2

Eleven. Davao Region

0

2

0

0

2

1

Twelve. SOCCSKSARGEN

0

1

0

0

1

0

Thirteen. Caraga

1

5

3

0

9

2

Fourteen. ARMM

0

1

0

0

1

0

Beginning: PAGASA

The typhoons counted were merely those with assigned signals. From 2007 to 2010, the Philippines experienced a sum of 67 typhoons or an norm of 17 typhoons annually ( Row 1 ) . The figure of typhoons increased in 2008 and 2009 and so suddenly decreased in 2010. The most figure of typhoons occurred in 2009 at 22 while the least happened in 2010 at 11.

Table 6:Crops and Floor Space Requirements Computation

Crops

Outputper twelvemonth

Floors ( 1 Ha )

Floors ( 3 Layers/Floor )

Rice/ Wheat / Cereal

1000000

9.29

3.09

Tubers, Roots, Bulbs

3499380

32.51

10.84

Fruit

1801337

16.80

5.60

Leguminous Plants

532814

4.95

1.65

Leafy Vegetables

3036499

28.40

9.47

Fruit Bearing Vegetables

1316426

12.23

4.08

Sum

11193456

104.18

34.73

Beginning: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ahga.org

  1. Market Study

As the survey focuses on the architectural information analysis, it is delimited to supply elaborate feasibleness survey. Although as portion of the analysis of its architecture, estimated market survey was analyzed based on the survey of urban agricultural architecture structures that has been proposed in other state such as the Vertical Farming of Dr. Dickson Despommier, one of the participants of the survey.

Table 7:Construction and Building Technology Cost Estimate of Vertical Farm

Undertaking Cost

Undertaking

Cost in dollar

Cost in peso

Sub-structure and Electochromic Glass Shell

$ 25,000,000

1,097,000,000

1000 ton Geothermal HVAC

$ 2,500,000

109,700,000

400 ton Chiller + Cooling Tower

$ 500,000

21,940,000

Populating Machine-based Water Recycling System

$ 11,000,000

482,680,000

800 kWh/day tracking Photovoltaic Array

$ 500,000

21,940,000

4,500 kW Water-cooled lighting System

$ 2,000,000

87,760,000

Energy Infrastructure and Automatic System

$ 13,000,000

570,440,000

Floating Garden Hydroponic System

$ 1,700,000

74,596,000

Office and Laboratory Facilities

$ 5,000,000

219,400,000

Sum

$ 61,200,000

2,685,456,000 Php

Beginning: Medical Ecology – Spring 2006, Dickson Despommier, Ph. D, Vertical Farming Entrepreneurship Article

Table 8:Estimated Net Net income and Associated Calculation:

ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES

Undertaking

Cost in dollar

Cost in peso

Entire Labor Costs ( includes benefits + insurance )

$ 2,135,000

93,683,800

Entire Electricity Costs @ 95 % Biogas Reliability

$ 130,000

5,704,400

Entire Electricity Costs @ 5 % Extreme Climate Conditionss

$ 100,000.

4,388,000

Production Supplies

$ 700,000

30,716,000

Modified Atmosphere Boxing

$ 500,000

21,940,000

Biogas & A ; Living Machine Operational Costss

$ 650,000

28,522,000

Building and Facilities Maintenance ( 0.75 % per twelvemonth )

$ 628,000

27,556,640

Sum

$ 4,843,000.

212,510,840 Php

Beginning: Medical Ecology – Spring 2006, Dickson Despommier, Ph. D, Vertical Farming Entrepreneurship Article

Entire

$ 18,605,000

– $ 4,843,000

EBIT ( Net incomes before income revenue enhancements )

$ 13,762,000

Net Net income ( after 10 % income revenue enhancement )

$ 12,385,800

Projected Return of Investment

Entire Building Cost

$ 61,200,000.00

Annual Net Net income

$ 12,206,000.00

Return on invested capital:

4.94 ? 4 Old ages

As analyzed within the market survey, the designing of agricultural tower shows the consequence of deriving the return of investing within the 4Thursdaytwelvemonth of its operation. Therefore, the survey shows that edifice such installation is executable and awaited to be supported by the NGOs which aims are in line with the survey

  1. Interview Results

The research worker conducted an interview to Agricultural participants and professionals to back up and happen the proposal

  • Dr. Ernesto D. Supan, PhD

Director, Extension and Training

Pampanga Agricultural College

Date interviews: July 18, 2014 around 5:18 autopsy

  1. Do you believe this sort of proposal will advance and elate the Filipino Agriculture to mankind?

Yes

  1. Do you believe, holding a nursery is economically friendly than in a traditional planting?

Yes of class, it will protect your harvests from unexpected clime conditions such as typhoons, inundations and plagues. And with this, you’ll harvest more. Vegetables are weak in excessively much H2O while typhoons and air currents hinder the workss to bloom that will became the fruit.

  1. Do you hold any remarks, reactions and suggestions sing to the proposal?

In footings of organic and nurseries, animate beings can besides be employ. Having a nursery in raising animate beings such as hogs, poulet, fish can beneficial excessively, ensuing an organic nutrient.

  • Dr. Virgilio M. Gonzales, Phd

Director, Extension and Training

Pampanga Agricultural College

Date interviews: July 23, 2014 around 10:40 am

  1. Do you believe this sort of proposal will advance and elate the Filipino Agriculture to mankind?

Yes, and I will bring forth harvests all twelvemonth unit of ammunition yet without utilizing so much adult male power.

  1. Do you hold any remarks, reactions and suggestions sing to the proposal?

Good fortune to your undertaking

  1. What other installations or characteristics in the proposal that you may propose to advance and to elate Philippine Agriculture?

If you will advance ecotourism, I think you should let clients, purchasers, or consumers can separately pick newly harvests straight to the plantation.

  • Arch. Michaela Rossette Santos, uap

Chair for the Committee on Environment, Ecology & A ; countrywide Tree Planting, United Architects of the Philippines, LEED ( Leadership Energy & A ; Environmental Design ) AP

Holy Angel University

Date interviews: July 31, 2014 around 4:15pm

  1. Do you believe this sort of proposal will advance and elate the Filipino Agriculture to mankind?

Yes, and I’m sure that it will promote more young person to prosecute in agribusiness

  1. Do you hold any remarks, reactions and suggestions sing to the proposal?

Maximize the usage of verdures and guarantee nutrient security. Use fruit bearing workss as a landscape supplying a farm garden that will turn to a healthy life community.

  1. What other installations or characteristics in the proposal that you may propose to advance and to elate Philippine Agriculture?

Provide cantonment preparation and squad edifice installations that will add enticement to your mark user. Use or use the engineering were Koreans used in rice agriculture were can minimise the usage of adult male power.

  1. What is the really first thingthat comes to your head when you hear the word Agriculture?

Kalabaw ( carabao ) . Poor people who work hard straight on heat of the Sun, merely to supply and to back up their ain household.

  • Dr. Arturo Figueroa

Licensed Agri-Engineer

Holy Angel University

Date interviews: July 31, 2014 around 11:45am

  1. Do you believe this sort of proposal will advance and elate the Filipino Agriculture to mankind?

Decidedly, to reinstate thePhilippine therubric asanAgricultural Country particularlyyour siteTarlac known as the “Melting Pot of the Philippines” .

  1. Do you hold any remarks, reactions and suggestions sing to the proposal?

You can utilize edifice stuffs within the locality to minimise C footmark. I suggest utilizing bamboo as your constructing stuff as known to be a ace stuff. If non available, supply a plantation of bamboo, because this works is really resilient, fast growth.

  1. What other installations or characteristics in the proposal that you may propose to advance and to elate Philippine Agriculture?

Supplying and proper location of Sewage intervention works is of import to your development. I’ll suggestholdingan country where you can raise angleworms to break up such refuse and yet produce fertilisers from your plantations.

  1. Survey Results

The study aims to place if the undertaking is considered necessary and accepted by the society. The research worker usage Purposive Method in garnering informations, holding 100 respondents. 75 of the respondents are pupils and professionals in the field of agribusiness which is the hereafter operator of the proposal, while the 25 respondents are simply pupils which is mark of the survey. The research worker were gathered both online and questionnaires. The sample questionnaire can be viewed onAPPENDIX Oof the book.

Significance of the Topic

  1. Do you believe that it is clip for the agricultural sector to derive a greater feeling to the society?

  1. Is it of import for the youth/student to educate and engaged in agricultural activities?

Interest in the Subject

  1. Would it be interesting for you to larn agribusiness through camps/lessons?

Viability of the Proposal

  1. Would it be helpful for our state if we have a convention centre, museum, research and development centre, or similar installations dedicated for agribusiness?

  1. What system of farming do you prefer in agribusiness?

  1. Under what installations would you wish to see in the proposed AGRI COMPLEX AND RECREATION HUB?

  1. Would it be helpful and productive to the state if we apply engineering and new techniques in agricultural sector?

  1. Do you believe the authorities is supplying adequate support to Philippine Agriculture?

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