PCA – Laws and Regs

US EPA regulates…
all aspects of pesticide registration, sale and use through the FIulations, FIRFA (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act) and regulations in 40 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40)
US EPA overseas and reviews…
the state regulatory program for compliance with federal requirements, including the federal Worker Protection Standard
States sub-programs include…
Certification and Training
Enforcement and Compliance
Worker Health and Safety
Environmental Monitoring and Protection
six components of each state sub-program
*State-granted authority to carry out pesticide regulatory program
*Legal process 4 denying, suspending, revoking applicator cert and assessing criminal/civil penalties for violations
*Legal review of applicator certification to determine suspension/revocation is appropriate after federal/state enforcement action
*Right-of-entry by State personnel at reasonable times to sample, inspect and observe actions/activities related to pesticide use/control
*Requiring applicators to have certification to use or supervise restriced pesticides
*certified commercial applicators to record pesticide use and maintain pesticide records for 2 years and make them readily available.
Six purposes of the laws in the California Food an Agricultural Code and regulations in title 3 of California Code of Regulations…
1) Provide the proper, safe and effective use of pesticides used in production of food/fiber and protection of public health and safety
2) Protect the enviro form environmentally harmful pesticides by prohibiting/regulation/controlling use.
3) Assure ag and pest control workers have safe work conditions where pesticides are present.
4) Authorize pest control and make sure is done by competent/responsible licensees/permittee under strict control of DPR and county ag commissioner
5) Assure applicators/consumers/users that pesticides they use are properly labeled and appropriate for the uses designated on label
6) Encourage development and implementation of IPM.
DPR
state lead agency, responsible for regulating all aspects of pesticide sales/use to protect public health and enviro that might occur from legal use. Certifying/licensing individuals and businesses, enforcing pesticide laws/regs.
We will write a custom essay sample on
Any topic specifically for you
For only $13.90/page
Order Now
SPCB
Under the DPR, certifies structural pest control applicators and licenses structural pest control businesses.
DPR Cooperating Agencies in CA – CA Department of Food and Ag through the County Agricultural Commissioners (CAC)
Certify private pesticides applicators and conduct local enforcement of pesticide use/laws/regs in ag, residential, non-ag and structural pest control settings.
DPR Cooperating Agencies in CA – University of California, Davis,Statewide IPM Program (UC IPM)
DPR contracts with UC IPM to develop pesticide applicator certification and training study guides/programs/exams questions/pest control guidelines and other info.
DPR Cooperating Agencies in CA – Department of Public Health (DPH), Division of Communicable Disease Control, Vector-Borne Disease Section
Certify vector pest control pesticide applicators and develop vector pest control study guides
Department for investigating incidents of pesticide residue levels
US FDA contracts with the DPR to gather produce samples from marketplaces and assist with investigations. The US FDA is responsible for enforcing pesticide residue tolerances on food shipped in interstate commerce. US FDA regulates pesticide residue levels in domestically produced and imported foods.
Anyone who wants to produce in or bring into California, a pesticide product for sale, possession or use must first…
…register that pesticide product the the U.S. EPa then the DPR.
register individual pesticide, not generic pesticides.
Federal level general or restricted use
When there are known hazards that cannot be mitigated through label directions and requirements, US EPA designate a pesticide restricted to reduce hazards.
Restricted Materials
pesticides deemed to have higher potential to cause harm to public health, farm workers, domestic animals, honeybees, enviro, wildlife or other crops compared to other pesticides.
Registrant cannot sell pesticide in CA if
*Registrant allows the registration to lapse by not renewing it
*DPR or US EPA suspends or cancels the product registration.
Sell and application of pesticide with canceled registration
Deal who acquires he pesticide while it was still registered may sell and deliver it for two years after the last date of registration
End user can purchase that non registered pesticide within two years of last day or registration.
3 most common registrations: Registration of Pesticides (section 3)
FIRFA section 3 grants US EPA that authority to register pesticide products with corresponding label. Contains basic registered uses, directions, requirements, prohibitions. 40CFR has guidelines to carry out federal law.
3 most common registrations: exemption of Federal and State Agencies (section 18)
authorizes US EPA to an unregistered use of pesticides for a limited time if EPA determines an emergency. There must be no feasible alternative to the exemption.
Emergency Condition
an urgent, non-routine situation that requires the use of a pesticide.
Four types of Section 18s
Specific, Public health, Quarantine, Crisis
3 most common registrations: Authority of States (section 24)
FIRFA grants states regulatory authority in 3 areas
Section 24a: state regulates the sale and use of a federally registered pesticide if not prohibited by FIRFA
Section 24b: State cannot impose labeling/packaging requirements different or more/less restrictive than FIRFA
Section 24c: Special local need registration (SLN) state authority to issue a use registration not previously issued for a federally registered pesticide. Allows states to expand uses of certain registered pesticides within their jurisdictions.
Research Authorizations
CA has specific regulations regarding experimental unregistered uses of pesticide products. Obtained from Pesticide Registration Branch of DPR. Sometimes requires research crop be destroyed.
Label
is aany written, printed or graphic matter with pest control directions,requirements, prohibitions and other info like health and safety. Appear or attached to container or device.
Supplemental label
is any label that is not part of the pesticide container but is otherwise attached/accompanies pesticide product container or device.
Labeling
includes all labels and all other written/printed/graphic matter accompanying pesticide product container/device.(anything attached to container/device, attached to pesticide outer wrapper or shipping bag or box, Section 18/24 labels and other documents like MSDS)
label format
40 CFR outlines the format and mandatory statements.
When to read the Label
*Before buying *Before mixing and applying the pesticide *when storing pesticides *Before disposing of unused pesticide and empty containers (check with CAC for local restrictions/requirements)
Info Provided in Labeling
*Brand name *Chemical name *Common name *Formulation *Ingredients *Contents *Manufacturer/Producer *Registration/Establishment # *Signal Word *Precautionary Statement *First Aid Statement *statement of Use Classification *Directions for Use *Agricultural Use Requirements *Restricted-Entry Statement *Misuse Statement *storage and Disposal *Warranty.
Danger, Danger/Poison with skull crossbones
Highly toxic
danger
Poses a dangerous health hazard
Warning
Moderate toxicity
Caution
Low toxicity
Precautionary statements
provide user with toxicity, irritation, sensitization hazards. Treatment instructions and reduced exposure potential info . enviro hazards. Special physical chemical hazard (risk of fire or explosion or fumes).
Agricultural Use Requirement
PPE and early entry workers
Deviation from Label Directions: decrease in rate per unite treated
Decrease in rate per unit treated
Decrease in the concentration of mixture applied
Increase concentration as long as it corresponds with published recommendations of the University California
Application at a frequency less than specified.
Target pest not on label with commodity/site is and use on pest is not expressly prohibited.
Any method of application not prohibited, provided other label directions are followed
Tanks mixing unless prohibited
Exceptions to or substitutions for PPE
Exceptions or substitutions for PPE – Closed system with signal word danger, danger/poison, warning
*Does not operate under positive pressure substitute coveralls/chem resistant gloves/chem resistant apron for PPE by pesticide label.
*Operates under positive pressure, must wear eye protection and make same substitutions above…all PPE must available in case of emergency
Exception or substitutions for PPE – closed system with signal word Caution
Not operate with positive pressure handlers may substitute work clothing for PPE on label
Under positive pressure mus wear eye protection and substitute work clothing for PPE on label and PPE must be available in case of emergency
Exception or substitutions for PPE – enclosed cab
substitute work clothing for PPE, must wear respiratory protection while applying from ground application equipment unless cab is approved for respiratory proection.
Exceptions or substitutions for PPE – Chemical resistant container/label-required PPE contacting surfaces
*Store in a chemical resistant container and have app PPE required by label
*Wear the label required PPE when contacting surfaces with pesticides when working outside the cab.
Federally Restricted Use Pesticides
EPA had determined
*Acute dermal or inhalation toxicity presents hazards to applicators/others
*Use by people who have not demonstrated competence in safety could lead to unreasonable harm to them/enviro
CA Restricted Materials classification
Certain active ingredients (including federal restricted use pesticides) determined these pesticides (following label) may still pose dangers/hazards to:
Public health, handlers/workers, domestic animals/bees/crops, streams, lake, wildlife from drift/direct application, fish/wild bird/other wildlife from persistent residues in soil resulting in contamination of air/waterways/estuaries/lakes, and subsequent crops through persistent soil residues.
DPR enforced
Use limited situations of restricted material
These regulations prescribe the time when, and conditions under which restricted material may be possessed or used in CA. Limited to situations…
*Reasonable certain no injury will result
*No non-restricted material or procedure that is equally effective and practical.
Physically present
*observe non certified handlers follow the label
*provide guidance if label is unclear
*intervene if non certified handler fails to follow
label directions
*respond if emergency/unusual situation occurs
Specific limitations with restricted material use permit
(users must possess a valid restricted material use permit) limitations in…
*Certain areas *Under certain conditions relating to safety *Certain quantities/concentrations
*Compliance industrial safety order of department of Industrial Relations/DPR/CAC *property operator to comply with conditions on permit
Pest control business hiring people engaged in pest control must have
*Use Permit covering each ag use applications that requires a permit
*Written pet control recommendation from PCA or grower’s work order covering each ag use application of a general use pesticide or one that requires a permit.
Ag restricted use permits are issued to property operator name but can be signed by…
*Property operator *Property operator’s representative *PCA authorized by property operator
Ag restricted Use Permits onsite details
*Must be onsite
*Site and time specific
*Valid for use/possession only by person named in the permit
Ag restricted Use Permit includes
*Name/address applicant
*Location of property
*ID/location areas that could be adversely impacted by pesticide, may include map
*Anticipated pest problems each crop pest
*Approximate crop dates/crop stages of intended applications
*Expected method of application including dilution, volume per acre/dosage
*Name of pest control business that will be responsible for using/having restricted materail
Submit Restricted Use Permit with…
NOI to the CAC
Addition to required info, each permit must contain…
*conditions/limitations on use of pesticide including PSIS leaflets
*NOI prior to application
*Conditions/Limitations described in pest mgmt guidelines which the CAC will inform which are applicable.
NOI is sent to CAC if…(and time)
if Restricted Use Permit does not have date/time of application with in at least 24hrs.
One can apply Restricted Use Pesticide before the required 24 hours of NOI if…
*the nature of the commodity or pest problem, early start will attain effective pest control
*Evaluation of the intended application does not require 24hr
NOI must include this info
*Restricted material permit number *Name/address permittee & applicator *Location of areas/name of farm operator *Crop/commodity and treatment site *Approximate acres *Method of application and material to be used *dilution, volume/acre & dosage *pests *date of application *locations and areas that have changed since permit was issued that may be adversely impacted
Restricted Material Use Permit duration
Usually one year or growing season. CAC/DPR may issue permits fort perennial ag plantings, non production ag sites or non ag sites that are valid for 3 years.
Pesticide Safety Info Series Leaflets
PSIS: from DPR
additional info on pesticides, groups of pesticides, general info on use (first aid, respiratory protection, storage, disposal. CAC provides PSIS
PSIS series A and N
Series A: agricultural settings
Series N: Non-agricultural settings.
Generalized Effects, if residues, symptoms or health hazards appear generally though an area the DPR and/or CAC may…
make a field inspection. If they determine loss, damage, injury is likely to result from continued application they may cancel all permits for application of that pesticide within that area and specify no additional permits issued until further notice.
Use Requirements, apply to everyone who has restricted material permit and may include restrictions like…
*amount of pesticide that can be applied
*method of application
*where restricted material can be applied
*Additional protective clothing/safety equipment
Exempt materials
DPR exempts some pesticides from permit requirements. Determined to require no further restrictions beyond those imposed by federal regulations and label
Refusal, suspension, revocation of Restricted Material Permit by CAC…
*Failure to prepare pesticide use records and keep on file 2 years, failure to report pesticide use
*Preparing false or fraudulent records/reports
*Refusing to allow CAC/DPR to enter and inspect a treatment site/storage/inspect app equipment/ pesticide product or products being used.
General cert/License requirements initial application submission will have
*App form *App fee *Exam fee *Info/doc: liability and worker compensation *Fed Aviation Admin (FAA) pilot cert/medical cert *min work/edu experience
General cert/License renewal
Renewal application fee *proof of continuing edu *other required info/doc before Dec 31 of year your cert expires
Late cert/license renewal penalty fee
after Dec 31, also cannot work under it and will have to wait until it is renewed
Expired cert/license
cannot work under expired cert/license
Failure to meet cert/license renewal requirements
not allowed to renew license if requirements are not met. Must submit initial application/examination fees if wish to be licensed/certified.
Registration with County Ag Commissioner
some certs/licenses must register annually with CAC before performing any pesticide/control work.
With a PCA license one may…
Provide pest control recommendations
Offer as an authority on any ag use
solicit services/sales for ag use
People who are exempt from PCA license requirements
Officials of federal/state/county department of ag
UC personnel (recommendations are specific and in writing)
PCA registering with County
*In person at the CAC in your home county
*Register additional counties by mail
*Indicate where written recommendation will be available to view.
*May be a registration fee *Register annually
Contents of a written recommendation
*Name/dosage *Common name of pest *owner/operator property *Acreage of location *Commodity/crop *schedule/time/conditions for application *warning of possible damages for CAC *Total acres for treatment *Concentration/volume per acre *Worker REI/pre-harvest interval/label restrictions on use/disposal. *Criteria used determine need of treatment *Certification that alternatives/mitigation measures lessen diverse impact on enviro have been considered/included/adopted *Signature/address of adviser/date/name of business adviser reps.
How long must PCA keep copy of written recommendations?
1 year following the date of the recommendation.
What are the PCA continuing edu requirements/
40 hrs of DPR approved pesticide/management instructions within each 2 year license period.
At least 4 hour of law
How to be denied, revocation and suspension of PCA license and county registration
*Failure to put recommendations in writing
*false/fraudulent statements in recommendations
*violating state/federal law or regulation adopted by CAC. *Failure to pass exam on laws/regs/category
*Making recommendation in category not licensed
What is a QAC?
Person can supervise the use or restriced use pesticides/restriced materisl
Maintenance Gardner QUC-Q cannot
not authorized to purchase/apply/supervise application restricted materials
To be qualified responsible person for maintenance gardening pest control business you must have
QAC Landscape maintenance Pest Control Category B or
Have QAC Maintenance Gardener Pest Control Category @
*Does not authorize person for licensed pest control business
Minimum requirement for QAC
Pass core examination on Laws/Regs/Basic Principles and one category.
Continuing Edu requirements for QAC
Minimum of 20 hours, 4 hours in laws/regs
QAL is…
required for the person who is responsible for supervising pest control operations of a licensed Pest Control Business
With QAL can supervise use of pesticides under Maintenance Gardener Pest Control Business qualified in Landscape Maintenance Pest Control Category B.
Minimum requirements for QAL and continuing edu
Pass basic Laws/regs/basic principles and one ore more categories.
20 hours continuing edu classes. 4 hrs laws/regs No grace period. 2 year license period
QAL County Registration
not required ut if responsible for pest control business the business, the business must be registered with CAC. QAL card imprinted on County Registration form
PCAPC you must have a
Pest Control Aircraft Pilot Certificate i
Commercial FAA pilot’s cert
Medical cert issued by FAA
Meet all FAA requirements
PCAPC allows you to…
do pest control as private/commercial applicator
Two types of PCAPC certs and what demonstrations to get the two certs.
Apprentice and Journeyman and must bass ability to legally and safely conduct aerial pet control operations and knowledge of the nature and effect of aerial pest control
Minimum requirements and abilities for Apprentice Pilot
conduct pest control activities only under direct/personal supervision of journeyman/s cert.
Minimum requirements and abilities for Journeyman
Abilities:Responsible for supervising must be aware of the conditions at the application site and be available to direct and control manner in which application is made. Availability of journeyman directly related to actual/potential hazard of situation.
Minimum requirements for Journeyman
*Apprentice pilot 1 year
*150 pest control fixed-wing aircraft or 50 hours pest control non-fix-winged aircraft w/in 2 years
*Have journeyman pilot who supervised you to sign “Statement of Supervision”
Pesticides labeled Danger/Poison, Danger or Warning or contain organophosphate/carbamates
Pilots operating pest control aircraft must not transfer, mix, load unless in a closed system
PCAPC county registration
register with CAC for each county. In each county apprentice pilots must include name of journeyman who also must be registered with that county. Apprentice must notify CAC if journeyman con no longer supervise.
Continuing Edu requriements PCAPC
20 hours classes for 2 year license period
includes 4 hours laws/regs
Pesticide Broker License
Engage sales/distribution to sell DPR registered pesticides in CA
Sell/distribute to sell these pesticides to another licensed pesticide broker/licensed pest control dealer.
Not authorize sale to end users
Pesticide Brokers cannot
Sell/distribute:
Pesticides for ag use
method/device for control ag pests (bio control, lures, traps)
Restricted material that requires a restricted material permit or applicator cert for use or possession
Pesticide broker must have records for ….years and have…..info available on a quarterly basis that includes…
4 years of maintained records of purchases, sales distributions w/in CA
*Total dollars sales
*total lbs/gals sold
*First sale of any pesticide product into or within CA with a miss assessment report and pay all mill assessments
Continuing Edu and County Registration for Pesticide Broker
None requrired
Must have Pest Control Business License if..
anyone who advertises/solicits/operates businesst o conduct pest controllfor hire in CA
What Pest Control activities are exempt?
Preservative treatment of fabrics/structural materials.
Seed treatment occurs while performing regular business
Structural pest control
Household/industrial sanitation
Live capture/release of vertebrate pests
Regularly engage tree surgery:remove diseased tissue or to apply disinfectants to wounds after tree surgery.
Each pest control business must have a …. license
qualified applicator with a QAL in pest control categories in line with the type of business.
Requirements for “No Fee” Pest Control Business
*Don’t engage in the business of pest control but operate vicinity of your property and neighbors
Requirements for Pest Control Business license
*you/employee has QAL
*liability insurance or bond
*Worker compensation insurance if you have employees
Maintenance gardener pest Control Business License
Anyone working primarily maintenance gardening/landscape/interiorscape maintenance and apply any pesticide must have this license.
Includes using snail bait. does not include restricted material
Minimum requirements for Pest Control Business, No-Fee Pest Control Business, Maintenance Gardener Pest Control Business
Submit application and fee to DPR. Includes name and license/certificate number of responsible person. Proof of worker compensation insurance.l Proof of financial responsibility (liability insurance or Surety Bond for damages)
Register with CAC.
Pest Control Equipment for Pest Control Business, No-Fee Pest Control Business, Maintenance Gardener Pest Control Business
Be able to ID each piece of equipment for use of mixing or application. Mark each ground rig/service rig/ etc with name of business or Licensed Pest Control Operator/Fumigation Division or similar wording. Include pest control operate or license number. Must be large enough to read at 25′ distance.
Must register each piece of equipment in county with CAC
Notice of Application for pest control business, no-fee pest control business, maintenance gardener pest control business
Before perform pest control..
*give notice to operator of property
Operator give notice to everyone who will be on property or likely to enter
What is indicated on a notice from operator from Notice of Applicatoin
*Date of application
*ID the pesticide by brand or common chemical
*Adequate to advise precaution
Complete Notice from pest control business, no-fee pest control business, maintenance gardener pest control business
Notice given within 24 hr after completing pesticide application and includes:
*Location of property, site ID number and acreage
*Pesticide applied
*Date/hour application completed
*REI/Pre harvest intervals to receive completion notice
*Property operator, in writing, to business if they will not be available to receive completion notice within 24 hr
Method to receive Completing Notice
*Posting or leaving completion notice in designated location on operators property
*on phone answering machine or voicemail
*FAX
Pest control business has records of this and keeps them for 2 years
Pesticide Accident Recording for pest control business, no-fee pest control business, maintenance gardener pest control business
Immediately report accidents to CAC (location, pesticide, amount of pesticide released)
also includes…forced landing of a pest control aircraft, mishap involving pesticide application equipment, type of emergency/accidental pesticide release.
Operator Id Number for businesses
Required to obtain property operator an operator id number with the business makes an application. Operator number is from the CAC
Business:Pesticide Use Records for what uses…
*Ag *section 6400 3 CCR *industrial post harvest *outdoor institutional/industrial pest control
Business: Pesticide Use Records must include…
*Date of app *Name of operator/land owner *location of property *Crop/commodity/site *total acreage treated at site *Pesticide, US EPA # /state registration# and pesticide amount , *hour of treatment completion *Site ID # *total planted ac *person who supervised application
Business: Pesticide use reports for production ag
must submit use report to CAC w/in 7 days of completion of application.
W/in 30 days, pest control business send copy of pesticide use report to operator of property. Operator keep copy 2 years
Business: Monthly summary pesticide use reports and what it includes
Healthy Schools Act
Report sent every 10th day of month which work was performed. *Name/address of person/business who applied pesticide *County *month/year application *Crop/commodity/site except when using designated code specified *Pesticide including US EPA #/ state reg #/ amount used *total acres treated except when using designated code specified *# of applications made with each pesticide and total for that month
Pest Control Dealer License..what is
*Sell to users pesticides for ag *Selling to users methods/device controlling ag pests (bio control, trapping, lures * Soliciting sales of pesticides through field representatives *selling restriced use pesticide/material that requires restricted material use permit/applicator cert
Pest Control dealer License: county registration an minimum requriements
Not required to register with CAC. Applications must submit completed application and fees to DPR. Application must show that you have qualified individual responsible for actively supervising all sales.
Pest Control dealer Supervision – Designated Agent must have at least on the following documents
*Pest control dealer designated agent license
*Ag PCA
*PCAPC
*QAL
Pest Control Dealer: purchase, sales, distribution record details
maintain records for 4 years.
*purchaser’s name/address *amount purchased *date *operator id # on invoice *copy written recommendation *delivery location *
Hold for 2 years: for ag, records operator id number, active ingredient colpyralid (lawns/turf/residential/school/park/office/golf), with tributyltin (aluminum ship/vessel hulls/outboard motors/lower drive unit)
Pest Control Dealer: quarterly reports
submit to DPR…
*total sales in dollars and pounds/gallons for ag use pesticides
*mill tax assessment when dealer first to sell into or within Ca any pesticide labeled for ag use
Pest Control Dealer: dealer responsibilities and requirements for certain pesticide
*Federal restricted use pesticides, CA restricted pesticides, certain other pesticides.
Pest Control Dealer: before selling/delivering certain pesticides, dealer must obtain from purchaser…
*Restricted material permit *Private/commercial applicator certification for restricted use that do not require permit that DPR determined to have pollute ground water. Purchaser sign statement *Operator ID # issued by CAC *Vessel registration for antifouling paints or coatings that have tributyltin that will be applied to ship hulls *Signed statement, attesting proper/legal use from commercial applicator for pesticides with clopyralid
Pest Control Dealer: Record keeping
*all records of continuing edu hours during each license period for three years. includes *name *certificate/license # *title/location of instruction *name of instructor/organization/# hours *ID code number assigned to course by DPR
Submit certificate to DPR
Pest Control Dealer: multiple license/Certificate holders
may use continuing edu hours obtained for one license to satisfy the others. PCA, PCAPC, QAL, QAC.
Pest Control Dealer: partial continuing edu requirements for New Adviser/applicators
If you’re new adviser/applicator with license less than 12 months,no continuing edu required. 12-20 months 1/2 continuing edu hour required for renewal. 21-24 months all hours required.
Pest Control Dealer: license/cert renewal
A-L expires in even numbered years M-Z odd numbered years. All license expire on Dec 31. Completed renewal application/fees must be postmarked by Dec 31. Late penalty is 1/2 renewal fee. Not have valid license within 12 months of date they applied must pass exam Must register annually with CAC
Protection of people, animals and property
Evaluate equipment and meteorological conditions, surrounding property to determine likelihood of harm/damage.
and must
No pesticides will be applied when there is a reasonable chance of….
*Hazard contamination bodies/clothing of people not involved in application *Possibility damage to non target crop, animal, private/public property *contamination non target public/private property, creating health hazard that prevents normal use of property.
Notifying beekeepers
*48 hour notification *Time and place of application *Crop/acreage *Method of application *name/dosage rate of pesticide *Procedure for beekeeper to contact the person performing pest control *48 hr warning period increase or decrease by CAC by agreement between beekeeper and applicator.
Notificationregion of Butte, Glenn, Tehama Counties
Notification of apiary owners is required to and from Pest business and CAC
Citrus/Bee Protection Area
Areas within one mile of citrus planting that consists of one or more acre in Fresno, Kern and Tulare county are citrus/bee protection areas. special bee protection requirements appli. Consult the CAC
Pesticide storage requirements: personal control
*Provide a person to maintain control over the pesticide containers/application equipment or store pesticide containers and application equipment in locked enclosure. *If container is larger than her.e55 gal, does not have to be locked enclusure
Do not store pesticides near or around..
Do not store pesticides and fertilizers together because they can chemically react an cause fire. Also can possibly cause crop damage or illegal residues on crops. Also, food, seed, feed or PPE
Posting storage area warning signs
when storage area contains pesticides labeled with signal word Danger/poison, Danger, warding you must post warning signs around storage area.
Pesticide service container label requirements
*Name and address of person or firm responsible for container. *Id the pesticide in container *Signal word Danger/poison, Danger, Warning, Caution.
Illegal Containers
Any container that is commonly used for food, drink or household products.
Only exception to labeling service container
Container label requirements is when a service container is being used by a person in farming or their own property
Delivery of Pesticides
*property operator or their agent who is in charge of property *Owner/qualified person of pest control business. *If non of these people are at the property upon delivery, pesticide must be placed in locked enclosure with proper signage
Transportation of Pesticides
*Never transported with people, food, feed. *Secure containers *Cover containers made of paper/cardboard to protect from moisture *have original product label/proper service container label.
Where to find info on transporation regulations
CHP, US Department of Transportation.
Pesticide Bag Disposal Requriements
Follow DPR Guideline for Emptying and Burning Pesticide Bags. Will not be regulated as hazardous waste. Pesticide bags that are properly emptied may be disposed of at Class III landfills or by burning. Bags not properly emptied are hazardous waste.
Guidelines for emptying Pesticide Bags DPR
*Open and empty pesticide bag until no pesticide remains and hold upside down for 5 seconds after continuous flow ceases. *straighten out seams to remove folds/wrinkles so bag is flat and hold bag upside down after particle flow stops *Shake bag twice and hold 5 secs or until particle flow stops
Guidelines for burning pesticide bags
*Less desirable *Ag burn permit *At field location *First properly emptied *Only at location specific on burn permit *Minimal amount of smoke blowing over areas where people/domestic animals might be *Location that takes into account (distance to homes/parks/schools/business, wind speed/direction, Presence of temp inversion, Length of time take to burn bags).
Bag burning will take place with…
*Rock/brick/weight on top of the stack *by igniting the bottom most bag *only authorized people are present and are upwind *authorized people controlling the site until burning is completed
Container Rinsing Requirements (and exception)
*Containers that are less than 28 gals minimum triple rinse and drained by user at the time of use unless: *returned to registrant or held an diluted ready to use pesticide
Pesticide and Container Disposal
Some counties require special permits for disposal. Check with CAC. Un-rinsed, emptied pesticide containers may also be returned to the registrant with registrants prior approval.
Hazardous Waste Facility Permit
Ability to store old pesticide material or un-rinsed containers awaiting disposal.
Pesticide storage/transportation/disposal exemptions
Delivery/storage area and posting/transportation/rinsing: containers/pesticides used for home use are in the possession of the homeowner and their property Pesticide container rinse/disposal: Containers that hold/have held pesticides registered a spray adjuvant and outer shipping containers not become contaminated with pesticides
DPR regulations in safety laws are written to…
*Provide safe working enviro for handlers *Reduce risk of exposure *Ensure medical service
Hazard communication info for handlers (what and where)
*Display in central location *Pesticide use records for pesticide activities conducted by employees *PSIS (A-8 or N-8) leaflets for pesticide and handling activities *MSDS for each pesticide
Employee rights with regards to requesting info on pesticides
*Personally receive info on pesticides exposed to *physician/employee rep have pesticide info *protected against retaliatory action in response to exercise of their rights
Who is qualified to do Safety Training for Handlers?
*California Certified Commercial Applicator *California Certified Private Applicator *County Biologist License in Pesticide Reg/Investigation/Enviro Monitoring from Cali DFA *Farm adviser from UCCE *Completed instructor training from UC IPM project after 1993 *other DPR training *CA PCA *CA Professional Forester *other way approved by DPR
Employees who use Cholinesteraste must..
(Organophosphates/carbamates with Danger/Poison, Danger, Warning) used in commercial or research ag, workers must have baseline rd call/plasma cholinesterase determined every two years. New Employees: medical supervisor may accept previous baseline if *obtained to regulations by same lab method that new lab uses * acceptable to new lab. Readings must be taken within three working days after the end of each 30-day period during which employees are regularly handling pesticides. After 3 tests in 3 30 day intervals baseline is determined.
Handler medical reccords
Maintained for three years…*medical supervision agreement *pesticide use *medical recommendations and test results
If handlers red cell/plasma cholinesterase level falls below 80%…
Employer must investigate employees work practices…*hygiene *Pesticide handling procedures *equipment use.
If handlers red cell/ falls below 70% of baseline red cell and 60% of plasma cholinesterase level
Employer must remove handler until cholinesterase values return to 80% of baseline . Employer must maintain record when employee was removed to date employee returned to exposure.
Working alone with pesticide signal word Danger/Poison, Danger
Daylight Operation: working alone is permitted only when employee makes personal, radio or telephone contact with responsible adult every 2 hours
Nighttime Operation: is permitted when employee makes personal, radio or telephone contact every hour.
*A pilot, mixer, loader, flagger team is considered working together *Two ground applicators working same field and able to see each others vehicles are considered working together
Decontamination Facility
*Each handler using the facility is working in the area that is being
Decontamination site
*With in 100′ of mixing/loading site.
Coveralls
who handles Danger/Poison, Danger, Warning must wear clean coveralls, Coveralls mean one or two piece garment closely woven fabric that covers entire body except head, hand, feed. Remove and wash themselves after each day. Can store in sealable container outside their living quarters. Employers must provide laundering. Employees using fumigants not required to wear coveralls unless on label
When to use Eye Protection
*Required by label except in 3 CCR section 6738 *Mixing/Loading *In closed systems operate under pressure *other closed systems (eye protection must be available) or when system breaks *employees are adjusting, cleaning, repairing application equipment that contains pesticides *Hand applications * engaging in ground application activities using towed or vehicle-mounted equipment *Employee is flagging except when in enclosed cab.
Exceptions wearing Eye Protection when proforming Hand Applications
*Applying vertebrate pest control baits with out being propelled from application equipment *Applying soil fumigants to vertebrate burrows *Baiting insect monitoring traps *Applying non-insecticidal lures
Exception to wearing Eye Protection during ground application using towed or vehicle-mounted equipment
Injecting/incorporating pesticide into soil, Vehicle-mounted spray nozzles located below employee and nozzles are directed downward. *working in enclosed cab
When to wear protective gloves
*mixing/loading *adjusting, cleaning, repairing contaminated mixing/loading/application equipment *had applications/hand held equipment (except when using equipment prevents hand contact with rodenticide or with contaminated equipment
When gloves are required, employer must make sure they are…
*good condition *ho rips/cracks *washed inside/outside with water/soap
leather gloves
if chemical resistant gloves do not provide adequate suppleness and durability, leather gloves are ok over chemical resistant gloves. Once leather gloves have been used for this purpose, they must not be used for other situation.
Flocked or lined gloves
Are prohibited because they are impossible to decontaminate. Flocked gloves are closely places small tufts of soft material glued or bonded onto the inside of a glove (not defined as a liner), but under certain conditions disposable separate glove liners are allowed to make chemical resistant gloves more comfortable.
Chemical resistant protective clothing:min requirements when handling danger/poison, danger, warning (closed system/sealed water soluble packets)
Must wear at least coveralls, chemical resistant apron, chem resistant gloves. Must have full body chemical resistant protective clothing available.
Temp and full body chemical resistant protective suit
No employee may handle pesticide that requires full body suit when T exceeds 80 during daylight or 85 during nighttime, sunset to sunrise. Exception is cooled suit.
Footwear
*Chemical resistant shoes *chemical resistant boots *chemicals resistant coverings over boots/shoes
Head gear
*chemical resistant hood *chemical resistant hat with wide brim
Respiratory protection rules
*Written respiratory protection program with work site-specific procedures *assure employees use respiratory in accordance with labeling/restricted material permit
National Institute for occupational Safety and Health and or mine Safety and Health Admin
NIOSHA/MSHA must have approved respiratory protection equipment that is used for work site. Each specific pesticide/exposure condition for which respiratory protection is used needs approval
Filtering face peices
considered respirators
3 CCR section 6739
respiratory protection outlined, employer must implement a minimal written program, etc
Written respiratory protection program outline
*procedure for selecting correct respirator *Medical evaluations of employees that must wear respirator
Written respiratory protection program: Procedures for selecting correct respirator
Procedures for selecting correct prspirator
Written respiratory protection program: Medical evaluation of employee must wear respiratory including:
*Identifying a physician *obtaining written medical recommendation from physician regarding ability to use respirator
Written respiratory protection program: Correct fit testing procedures
*Ensure employee using tight fitting face pieces: *pass an appropriate Cal/OHSA compliant fit test prior to initial use of a respirator *Annual thereafter
Written respiratory protection program: Procedure for proper respirator use
In routine and emergency situations
Written respiratory protection program: Procedures/schedules for respiratory maintenance
Cleaning, disinfecting, storing, inspecting, repairing, discarding/replacing
Written respiratory protection program: use of atmosphere-supplying respirators to insure air:
Quality, quantity, flow
Written respiratory protection program: Training in respiratory use hazards during
*Routine/emergency situation *If appropriate to include training about atmospheres consdidered to be Immediately dangerous to Life and Health
Written respiratory protection program: Proper respirator use
*Purpose for respirator use *Putting on *Removing *Use limitations/capabilities *Medical signs/symptoms that may interfere with use *Maintenance
Written respiratory protection program: Training shall be conducted
*before an employee initial respirator use *at lease annually thereafter *when determined employee needs retraining *changes to work place situation or respiratory type used makes previous training obsolete
Written respiratory protection program: Procedures for evaluating effectiveness of written respirator program shall includes:
*workplace evaluation *Assurance of program effectiveness *Annual consulting with employees for their views on program effectiveness *ID any deficiencies
Written respiratory protection program: record keeping shall include
*Medical recommendations *fit testing * respirator program maintained while employee is required to use respiratory and for 3 years
PPE exceptions and substitutions: closed system with Danger/poison, danger or warning
replace PPE specified by label and use *Coveralls, *chemical resistant gloves and apron
PPE exception and substitutions: closed system with caution
repalce PPE specified on label for *work clothing
PPE exceptions and substitutions: Closed system under positive pressure with Danger/Poison, Danger or Warning must wear
*protective eyewear *coveralls *chemical resistant gloves *chemical resistant apron
PPE exceptions and substitutions: closed system under positive pressure with Caution must wear
*protective eyewear *work clothing
PPE exceptions and substitutions: closed system
Must keep PPE tht is specified on pesticide label immediately available
PPE exception and substitutions: properly mixing pesticides packaged in water soluble packets
considered to meet the closed mixing system required in 3 CCR
PPE exceptions and substitutions: working enclosed cab on ground application equipment/aerial application equipment
may substitute work clothing for PPE specified by pesticide label
PPE exceptions and substitutions: working enclosed cab or ground application
must wear respiratory protection when required by label
PPE exception and substitutions: enclosed cockpit in aerial application equipment
exempted from wearing respiratory protection when required
PPE exception and substitutions: working in enclosed cab that is acceptable for respiratory protection
may use work clothing instead of the PPE specified by the pesticide label
PPE exceptions and substitutions: handlers working and utilizing PPE exceptions must keep…
*all label specified PPE immediately available and stored in chem resistant container *Label specified PPE must be worn if necessary to work outside enclosed cockpit and contact pesticide treated surfaces in treated area *Once PPE is worn in treated area, employee must remove it and store in chem resistant container before reentering enclosed cab
PPE exceptions and substitution: may use chem resistant suit in place…
of coveralls and or a chem resistant apron
PPE exceptions and substitutions: handlers working as pest control aircraft pilots are not required to wear…
gloves while flying or otherwise in the enclosed cockpit. Must wear gloves when entering or exiting an aircraft contaminated with pesticide residues. Gloves for entering/exiting the cockpit must be stored in chem resistant container.
Workplace requirements: Lighting
whenever natural light in a mixing/loading area is not adequate employer must provide lighting sufficient to read label etc
Workplace requirements: Safe equipment
*employer assure equipment used is inspected before each day of use and is in good repair/safe *all openings on tanks used for mixing/applying with tightly fitting covers prevent splashes/spills *not allow flexible hose that is under pressure and carrying liquid pesticide with Danger/Poison, Danger, Warning to pass unshielded through cockpit of airplane/helicopter *install shut-off devices on exit end of all hoses attached to mixing tanks with Danger/Poison, Danger, Warning. designed to prevent pesticide from splashed onto employee doing the loading when employee stops filling tank and removes hose. reversing action pump will empty the hose *aerial/ground application tank capacity 49 gal + with danger/poison, danger, warning must either 1) sight gauge or other to indicate liquid level in tank 2) tank/filler hose nozzle with device that automatically stops filling operation
Equipment maintenance
*Employers who own/operate mixing/loading equipment provide hazard notification to equipment maintenance workers *employee involved in repair must be informed of the pesticide hazard and how to protect themselves *employer must notify person in charge of performing services *employer must provide PPE *during maintenance, employer must instruct/supervise employees in a way that reduces hazard/exposure
Field worker must be trained every 5 years in what topics
*Routine decontamination/thorough washing after exposure period *REI: posting, standard format *Where workers may encounter pesticides/residue *routes of exposure *pesticide hazard,chronic/acute/delayed effects and sensitization effects *Common sign/symptom pesticide overexposure *First aid/decontamination/eye flush/emergency medical attention *warning taking pesticide containers home *hazard communication/requirements *employee rights to info/protection against retaliatory action for exercising rights.
Qualified trainer includes…
*California Certified Applicator *Person holding other valid license/certs of personal pesticide qualification by DPR *Person who completed instructor training from UC IPM Project Management program after 1993 or other DPR program *CA Registered Professional Forester *Person holding County bio License in pest reg/investigation *Farm adviser employed UC Cooperative Extension *Person with other qualification approved by DPR
Operator of property must maintain the following records and made accessible to employees
*Pesticide use records for all pesticides applied to field within last 2 years *Copies of PSIS leaflets that provide general info on pesticide listed in use records *MSDS for each pesticide
Employer responsibilities
responsible for supplying application info, understanding who is qualified to be in treated areas, planning emergency medical care and providing decontamination facilities for employees
Application-Specific Info for ag
Operator must display within 1/4 mile of treated field *Id of treated area *time/date of application *REI *Product name/EPA reg number/active ingredient *Spray adjuvant product name and CA reg number
Field work during pesticide application in a nursery
*Only people making application can enter/remain in treated area *By aircraft/upward direction/More than 150PSI/Fumigant/Fog/Aerosol: prohibited area is treatment site plus 100ft *By ground/downward direction from height greater than 12″/fine spray/40-150 PSI/requires respiratory protection: prohibited area treatment site plus 25′.
Field work during pesticide application in a greenhouse
*Spray with fumigant/smoke/fog/aerosol/mist/label requires respiratory protection prohibited area is entire enclosed area plus adjacent area not sealed *Spray from height greater 12″/fine spray/40+ PSI prohibited area is site plus 25′
When greenhouse application with pesticide label direction that require respirator and applied as fumigant, smoke, mist, fog or aerosol, must be ventilated until…
*Concentration is measured and does not exceed pesticide label standard (ONE OF THE FOLLOWING) *Ten air exchanges are complete *two hours of mechanical ventilation *Four hours of passive ventilation *24 hr with no ventilation *any combination of percentage portions of each method, the some equals 100%
Emergency medical care
Must be planned in advance.
Field worker decontamination Facilities
must be with 1/4 mile/nearest point of vehicular access from fieldworkers sufficient water, soap, single use towels for face and hand washing and for emergency eye flushing. Not located in area being treated unless fieldworkers are performing earl entry activities.
REI
period of time after crop has been treated with pesticide when restriction on entry are in effect to protect employees from potential exposure to a hazardous level of pesticide residue. Always choose longer REI. REI pounds of insecticide = pounds of active ingredients.
Field reentry after pesticide application
*pesticide-handling activities (soil incorporation, watered in or mechanical) if have PPE *Non-contact activities (no contact with treated surface), includes tractor, wearing PPE *
Field reentry after pesticide application:may enter treated field during level-required REI to conduct limited contact activities if the following occures
*label does not require posting or oral notification *4 hours have elapsed *inhalation exposure does not exceed label standard *ventilation criteria has been met *exposure is minimal and limited to feet, legs below knees/forearms below elbow *PPE if non specific (coveralls, socks, chem resistant footwear, chem resistant gloves, eyewear) *employee spends no more than 8 hr in 24 hr period *employee informed before entering *Field reentry after pesticide application: employee operates tractor or other equipment with enclosed cab
Field reentry after pesticide application: activities do not involve hand labor other than handling, no-contact/limited-contact activities if all of the following occur
*At lest 4 hr have elapsed *inhalation exposure does not exceed label standard/inhalation criteria has been met *PPE *Employee remain in treated field no more than 1 hr in 24hr period * employee informed before entering by posting or oral notice
REI adjustments
Sidebar 2 can be made only to REI in regulations not in pesticide labeling.
Shortening the REI as specified by the CAC
*REI specified on label cannot be adjusted, they must be followed *CAC says *no foliage on treated plan, covercrop or weed cover is not more than 4 inches the REI is reduced by 50% but in no case to less than label specific REI
*When label requires you to adjust REI if you make outdoor application in area less than 25″ of annual rain, must observe label’s special REI for dry area.
Workers tasks in treated field after application while REI is in effect ONLY if employer makes sure the following…
*early entry workers are informed of pesticide label requirements regarding (human hazards, precautions, first aid, symptoms of poisoning, PPE, prevention and first aid for heat, importance of washing after exposure period) *Employers provide PPE according to label (washed with hot water and soap) *PPE is: replaced when not properly cleaned, inspected by employer before each day, kept separate from personal clothing, cleaned and dried and stored in well ventilated place to dry, contaminated PPE is kept and washed separate *PPE meets 3 CCR standard *use PPE correctly *PPE remains property of employer, not letting take home *Employer informs leaner that it may be contaminated/hazards presents/how to handle and clean. *Label requires eye protection, early entry workers have in his or her possession/car 1 pt eye flush water.
Warning and Posting Requirements
Notify all scheduled applications in a manner that is understood. Include description/location of area, time period, instructions to stay out. *Oral notification is not required if the field is posted as specified in regulations, unless label requires both oral nd field posting.df
Warning signs
*must have skull and crossbones *Danger/peligro/pesticides/ pesticides and Keep Out/No Entre. visible from 25′, *color of letters and symbos must contrast with backgtround. signs posted no earlier than 24hr to application and removed in 3 days after REI
Sign with REI greater than 7 days
*Date when entry will become unrestricted *Name of property operator *Field identification
Where to place signs
each road, footpath, walkway, aisle that enters treated field. boarder with labor camp close to field.
Treated field borders unfenced public right of way such as a road, trail, path…
additional signs must be posted at each end of treated field and along boarder that intervals no greater than 600′
Minimal exposure pesticide or with signal word Danger/Poison or Danger on label is applied through irrigation system signs must..
*be posed in same manner as other signs *signals must contain octagon STOP sign symbol and eight inches in diameter containing word STOP. KEEP out and NO ENTRE above symbol PESTICIDES IN IRRIGATION WATER PESTICIDAS EN AGUA DE RIEGO in 2.5 inches tall and contrasting color.
Warning signs with fumigant
*be posed in same manner as other signs *must have skull and crossbones symbol and *DANGER/PELIGRO *AREA UNDER FUMIGATION DON NOT ENTER/NO ENTRE *(name of fumigant) FUMIGANT IN USE *date and time of fumigation *address/telephone number of applicator
Fumigation safe use requirements: Wear respiratory equipment when…
*Fumigant concentrations ,cannot be controlled, expose employees to levels that exceed Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) *When product label specifies more stringent requirements
When employee exposed to levels of methyl bromide/sulfuryl fluoride (Vikane) or other fumigant which only type approved respiratory equipment is air-supplied the employer has option to one of the following
*require employee to use air supplied respiratory equipment (self contained breathing apparatus, SCBA, or air line respirator *Provide continuous monitoring to warn employee before PEL is reached *Upon written request by employer DPR will review and may accept fumigation safety program describes methods that DPR determines will ensure employee will not be exposed to concentrations above PEL
Accident response plan for fumigant
accident response plan at work site with instructions to protect employees during spills, fire and leaks. Employer must train employee in accident mgmt
Fumigation of enclosed spaces include but are not limited to
Vaults, chambers, greenhouse, can, boxcar, ship, plane, vehicle, tarp covered structure and commodities
Requirements to fumigating a tarp covered structure/enclosed greenhouse or enclosed space
*At lease 2 trained employees must be present at all times *Employees trained in pesticide safety (how to follow accident response plan) *Employees present when fumigant introduced, when anyone enters enclosed space to facilitate aeration, when anyone enters space to determine fumigant concentration. Second employee must have immediate access to label required in case it becomes necessary to enter enclosed space. *Only exception when solid fumigants are introduced into enclosed space from position outside enclosed space.
Solid fumigants are
Aluminum phosphide, magnesium phosphide and smoke cartridges
Fumigant warning signs
*All entrances to space filled with fumigant before you start application *Not remove signs until fumigation and ventilation have are complete *English/Spanish *Red on white background *Letters no less than 2″ Danger – Fumigation *Skull and crossbones symbol no less that .5″ height *Name of fumigant *Date introduced *Name,address, telephone of applicator in letters no less than .5″
Monitoring for pesticide residues result from
Direct application, off site movement (drift, volatilization, wind pesticide dusts, residues on soil particles, runoff from irrigation water)
Sampling fro Residues
DPR, US FDA, CAC collect samples of carious produce commodities for residues.
Pesticide Residue Tolerance
US EPA establishes tolerances for residues in produce. Each tolerance is highest residue level of a particular pesticide that is legally allowed on commodity. Based off extensive crop residue data and toxicological info. CA tolerances enforced by DPR Enforcement Branch and CDFA Center for Analytical Chemistry. Produce is sampled by DPR and analyzed for residue by CDFA chemists.
Parts Per Million
pesticide residues normally measured in ppm. minimal detectable level of .01ppm
Quarantine
when ag commodity has residues in excess of legal tolerance commodity is quarantined nd removed from sale and distribution. Also happens when commodity has zero tolerance for residue. Everyone is subject to prosecution. Seizure.
Endangered Species Act
federal, 1973, provides protection for endangered and threatened plant and animal species as listed by US Fish and Wildlife Service. Designed to conserve ecosystem
US EPA responsibilities with Endanger Species Act
mitigate adverse impacts to endangered species, their habitat or prey from legal pesticide uses. US EPA conduct biological assessment to analyze potential effects of pesticide on listed species and their habitat and prey.
Endangered Species Protection Program
ESPP by the EPA *provide endangered species/habitat maximum protection from pesticide use *Minimize adverse impact to pesticide users when implementing protections for endangered species from potential adverse effects of pesticide use. US EPA determines lowest level of pesticide use that may affect each species
California State Plan
implemented through an online database application: Pesticide Regulation Endangered Species Custom Real-time Internet Bulletin Engine (PRESCRIBE) helps pesticide users see if any endangered species/habitat in vicinity of use site
DPR Endangered Species Project activities include///
*Mapping federal/state sites occupied by endangered species *Evaluating risks from pesticides *Classifying risks from CA pesticides *Developing protection strategies *Updating/maintaining PRESCRIBE *Public outreach and applicator training.
Endangered species with most overlap with ag
San Joaquin kit fox.
Healthy School Act
HSA: protect health/safety of children and staff in certain public schools and daycare. Specific requirements Prohibit use of pesticide with a conditional/interim/cancelled registration, used under experimental use or with uses that are otherwise being phased out.
Healthy School Act: Requirements regarding …..for pest control business
*Providing application notification and post application warning signs *Keeping pesticide use records *submitting annual HSA use report to DPR
Schools and child care facilities that comply with HSA shall..
*Provide staff/parent notification of pesticide intended/scheduled for application *Assure application warning signs are posted *Keep pesticide use records of pesticide applied *Exempt pesticides: Self containing bait/traps, crack/crevice gels/pastes and some others
DPR School IPM program
promotes effective least toxic pest mgmt at schools and child care facilities. DPR provides school training on IPM
Ground Water Protection
DPR designed to prevent further ground water contamination and keep existing contamination from worsening with ag/outdoor institutional/outdoor industrial settings. Must obtain restricted material permit, posses applicator cert and restricted use base on geographic criteria
Ground water protection area
GWPA geographical area approximately one square mile that is vulnerable to movement of pesticides to ground water. GWPA based on direction of pesticides *ground water to legal ag use *on soil type at depth the ground water that are characteristic of areas where pesticides have been detected. Most GWPA are in Sacramento and San Joaquin Valley
Two types of GWPA’s
Leaching: where pesticide residue move from soil to surface downward in soil surface downward in soil with percolating water to ground water .
Runoff: where pesticide residues are carried in runoff water to move more direct routes to ground water (dry/drainage well, poorly sealed production wells, soil cracks, other areas)
When restricted material permit is required to use these pesticides pertaining to Ground Water Protection
*Must select a mgmt practice option of use requirements specified in regulation or approve by Director
*The CAC must concur and designate the selected practice as an enforceable condition on the permit
Designed to prevent pesticide of concern from reaching ground water from leaching runoff.
Surface Water Protection program relies on
*stakeholder outreach promote mgmt practice that reduce pesticied runoff *DPR registration process evaluate potential adverse effects to surface water quality *Implementing mitigation options designed to meet water quality goals
Dormant Insecticide Contamination Prevention
applied on dormant vine/tree crops to combat overwintering insects/disease during winter storm season and can cause problems when they reach water. Regulations cover *Limit applications of certain pesticides *Limit apps to hydrologically isolated sites *Require any runoff to be held on site for some time before release into a sensitive body of water.
Minimal exposure pesticide use requirements
pesticides with certain active ingredients are classified as minimal exposure pesticides. People who handle these must follow special use requirements in addition to the label
Conditions that apply to certain minimal exposure pesticides
*App of oxydemetonmythyl to ornamental landscape trees/shrubs must be made by trunk injection or soil injection *App of oxydemetonmethyl and propargite are not allow within greenhouse
Minimal exposure pesticide safety requirements
additional safety requirements regardless of toxicity category of pesticide. employers are responsible for providing PPE etc.
Minimal exposure pesticide requirements : Changing Area
employer must provide area where they can change and wash themselves. Employer provide clean towel, soap, adequate water and instruct employees to shower with warm water asap.
Minimal exposure pesticide requirements: Decontamination Facility
Must have sufficient water, soap, single use towels for routine washing of hands and face and emergency eye flushing and washing of entire body.
Minimal exposure pesticide requirements: work Coveralls
must wear work coveralls Employers must assure that *each workday with clean coveralls *keep one change of clean coveralls available at mixing/loading *Change out of coveralls and wash themselves end of workday *Do not take home potential contaminated coveralls they remove at work *whose workday does not require them to return to headquarters must remove and store their contaminated coveralls in sealable container outside their home and return them to employer later *employer must provide laundering
Minimal exposure pesticide requirements: Full body chemical resistant protective clothing
*Must cover torso, head, arms, hands, legs and feet *not required but must be immediately available for emergency use in *using closed system/sealed water soluble packets while mixing/loading (must wear apron/gloves/boots) *applicators or flaggers in enclosed vehicle *using vehicle mounted or towed equipment to inject/incorporate into soil *using equipment with vehicle mounted spray nozzle directed downward and located below level of employee
Minimal exposure pesticide requirements: Closed system
Employers ensure used of closed system for all workers who mix/load/transfer liquid/ or load dilute of minimal exposure pesticides. Closed system not required for employee who handle a total of 1 gallon or less per day in original container.
minimal exposure pesticide requirements: Respiratory Protection
Must provide for employers who *hand/ground application *Flagging during application (except for in enclosed vehicles) *mixing/loading dry formulations (except when mixer)
Minimal exposure pesticide requirements: employees exempt from respiratory protection requirement
*Applicator using vehicle mounted/towed equipment to inject/incorporate *Applicators using equipment with vehicle mounted spray nozzle directed below level of employee
NOTE: employer must ensure all PPE is cleaned inside and out or discarded at end of each day’s use