Patterns For College Writing Vocab 1

abstract language
names concepts or qualities that cannont be directly seen or touched
a brief reference to literature, history, the Bible, mythology, popular culture, and so on that readers are expected to recognize
a form of comparison that explains an unfamiliar element by comparing it to another that is more familiar
the technique of recording one’s responses to a reading selection by writing notes in the margins of the text
a viewpoint opposite to the one expressed in a thesis
a word opposite in meaning to another word
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the form of writing that takes a stand on an issue and attempts to convice readers by presenting a logical sequence of points supported by evidence
the people “listening” to a writer’s words
basis for comparison
a fundamental similarity between two or more things that enables a writer to compare them
body paragraphs
the paragraphs that develop and support an essay’s thesis
an invention technique that can be done individually or in a group involving jotting down every fact or idea that relates to a particular topic
causal chain
a sequence of events when one event causes another event, which in turn causes another event
cause and effect
the pattern of development that discusses either the reasons for an occurrence or the observed or predicted consequences or an occurrence
the reasons for an event, situation, or phenomenon
chronological order
the time sequence of events
the thesis or main point of an essay, usually stated directly but sometimes implied
classification and division
pattern of development that first involves searching for common characteristics among various items and grouping them accordingly, and second breaking up an entity into smaller groups or elements
an overused expression
a method of invention whereby a writer groups ideas visually by listing the main topic in the center of a page, circling it, and surrounding it with words or phrases that identify major points to be addressed
the tight relationship between all parts of an effective piece of writing
expressions that are generally appropriate for conversation and informal writing but not usually acceptable for the writing done in college or professional settings
common knowledge
factual information that is widely available in reference sources, such as dates of important historical events, and do not need to be documented
comparison and contrast
the pattern of development that focuses on similarities and differences between two or more subjects
the group of sentences or paragraphs that brings an essay to a close
concrete language
denotes objects or qualities that the senses can perceive