Overview of the Healthcare Industry Quiz 1

1. The primary objectives of a healthcare system include all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Enabling all citizens to receive healthcare services
2. The U.S. healthcare system can best be described as:
D. All of the above
3. For most privately insured Americans, health insurance is:
A. Employer-based
4. What is the major objective of the Affordable Care Act?
B. to provide insurance coverage
5. Medicare is primarily for people who meet the following eligibility requirement:
A. Elderly
6. Medicaid is primarily for people who meet the following eligibility requirement:
B. Low-income
7. The primary functions of managed care include all of the following except:
A. Improving quality
8. Under free market conditions, the relationship between the quantity of medical services demanded and the price of medical services is:
D. Inverse
9. The role of the government in the U.S. healthcare system is:
D. All of the above
10. Which of the following countries has a National Health System (NHS)?
b. Great Britain
11. Which of the following is a characteristic of a national health insurance system?
c. Both a and b
12. Which of the following is a characteristic of a socialized health insurance system?
a. Health care is financed through government-mandated contributions by employers and employees
13. In 1984, Australia switched:
c. From a privately financed system to the Medicare program
14. A free market in healthcare requires:
d. All of the above
15. A multiple payer system is more cumbersome than a single payer system for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
c. Some healthcare services are covered for people in the north, but not in the south
16. Which of the following entities in the U.S. employs lobbyists?
d. All of the above
17. The ownership of Canada’s health care system is best described as:
c. Combination of private and public
18. Supplier-induced demand is created by:
b. Providers
19. Which country spends the most in administrative health care costs?
a. United States
20. In the US, federal qualified health centers are funded to
c. serve as a safety-net for those who have difficulty getting needed primary care
21. What is the meaning of the term ‘Access?’
d, Ability to get health care when needed
22. In a free market who would pay for the delivery of health care services?
b. Patients
23. What is meant by the term ‘continuum of health care services?’
b. A range of health care services that go beyond what hospitals and physicians provide
24. In the U.S. health care system, which of the following creates a separation between financing and delivery?
c. Insurance
25. When providers deliver unnecessary services with the objective of protecting themselves against lawsuits, this practice is called
a. defensive medicine
26. Reimbursement is associated with which of the quad functions?
d. Payment
27. Which central agency manages the health care delivery system in the United States?
d. None
28. National health care programs in other countries often use the following mechanism to control total health care expenditures?
c. Global budgets
29. In the United States, who does not generally have access to basic and routine medical services?
c. The uninsured
30. In which country are employers required by law to contribute toward health insurance for their employees?
a. Germany ninsured
31. The elements of the Epidemiology Triangle of disease occurrence include all of the following EXCEPT:
c. Society
32. Which of the following factors is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States?
c. Smoking
33. Which of the following is not a behavioral risk factor?
c. Unsafe neighborhoods
34. What is tertiary prevention?
b. Rehabilitative therapies and monitoring of health to prevent complications or further illness, injury, or disability
35. The wellness model is built on which of the following:v
d. All of the above
36. According to the CDC, which factor contributes most to premature death in the U.S. population?
a. Lifestyle and behaviors
37. Which of the following can be considered an environmental factor contributing to health status?
d. All of the above
38. Healthcare is considered a social good in:
b. Social justice
39. Crude birth rate is calculated by:
a. Dividing the number of live births in a period of time by the total population
40. Incidence is:
c. The number of new cases occurring during a specified period divided by the population at risk
41. Demand-side rationing is the same thing as:
b. Price rationing
42. Healthy People 2020 is the first national initiative to advocate:
d. focusing on a broad array of health determinants
43. Utilitarianism emphasizes:
c. Happiness and welfare for the most people possible
44. Supply-side rationing is also referred to as:
d. Both a and c
45. The limitations of market justice include:
d. All of the above
46. Prevalence is:
b. The total number of cases at a specific point in time divided by the specified population
47. Crude rates refer to:
c. The total population
48. Holistic health adds which element to the World Health Organization definition of health?
c. Spiritual
49. John Snow is famous for:
a. Tracing the risk of cholera outbreaks in London to the Broad Street pump
50. The ACA is an example of ?
a. social justice