OnMusic Appreciation – Final

The texture of this example is
(Play :17)
Polyphonic
Léonin and Pérotin were two composers associated with Notre Dame and the development of polyphony.
True
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?
Pope Gregory I
Which of the following factors most strongly suggests that this piece is an example of secular music?
(Play :32
It has irregular rhythms
. This excerpt most likely falls in the category of: (Play :17)
Mass
A characteristic of this excerpt that suggests it is from a medieval Mass is:
(Play 2:08)
The smooth melodic lines and unstressed rhythm
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Which of the following were important composers in the Medieval period?
Hildegard von Bingen and Guillaume de Machaut
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.
False
The two most important French composers of organum and discant during the Medieval period were:
Léonin and Pérotin
In the early days of the church, the only music allowed during the service was:
Vocal Music
The dates for the Medieval period are generally considered to be:
1150 – 1450 AD
Which of the following were secular genres in the Medieval period?
Rondeaus, ballades, and lai
A unifying factor for social, political, and cultural life in the Medieval period was..
The Roman Catholic Church
The following composition is a work by:
(play 6:03)
A French troubadour
Which of the following is a salient characteristic of secular music from the Medieval period?
Strong, dance-like rhythms performed by a combination of instruments and voices
Goliards are famous for their inspired performances during the services at the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spain.
False
Which of the following were sacred genres in the Medieval period?
Masses and motets
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of sacred music from the Medieval period?
Smooth melodies sung a cappella
This excerpt is an example of:
(play :30)
Secular music
This excerpt is an example of…
(play 0:32)
Stepwise melody with unstressed rhythms
The composer of this excerpt is…
(play :17)
Guillaume de Machaut
This excerpt is an example of a medieval religious type of composition known as
plainsong, plainchant, or Gregorian chant
The melody of this example suggest that it is from sacred music of the Medieval period because…
(play 6:30)
It moves stepwise and has a small range.
This is an example of a musical genre known as
(play :13)
Gregorian chant
This excerpt is most likely from a…
(play :25)
Troubadour song
The great European churches and cathedrals of the Medieval period were important to the development of Western music.
True
A feature of this example suggests it is from the early part of the Medieval period. That feature is:
(play :22)
Monophonic texture
Which of the following examples represents secular music?
(Play :15)
Example C
This excerpt is…
(play :40)
Dance music from the Medieval period
The composer of this excerpt is…
(play :55)
Hildegard von Bingen
Which of the following is NOT a chant of the Proper of the Mass?
Sederunt Principes
Listen to the following excerpt of a Medieval composition.
This composition represents…
(play :18)
An advanced 12th-century four-voice organum
Which of the following examples represents sacred music?
(play 4:24)
Example B
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?
Charlemagne
Which of the following was regarded as a leading composer of the Ars Nova style?
Guillaume de Machaut
Guido d’Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).
False
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies.
False
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music.
(player 7:19)
False
Two important composers from the Renaissance period were:
Desprez and Palestrina
Despite advances in other areas, Renaissance harmony and polyphony remained restricted to the music rules that governed most of the Medieval period.
False
Which of the following is a composition for the vihuela?
(player 1:58)
Example B
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture.
(player 1:38)
True
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances.
(player 3:42)
False
Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance?
Columbus discovered “The New World.”
The following composition, featuring 40 voices, was written by:
(player 12:15)
Thomas Tallis
This instrument, which was very popular during the Renaissance, is called a:
Lute
According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as:
The Golden Age of Choral Music
The following example is played on an instrument that was very popular during the Renaissance. That instrument is the:
(player :37)
Lute
Which of the following was NOT a popular form during the Renaissance period?
Plainsong
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music.
(player 3:13)
True
Venit ad Petrum was often used as the cantus firmus for the mass.
True
The following example was composed by a musician whose career exemplifies the dominance of composers from Northern France and the Netherlands during the Renaissance.
(player 5:37)
Josquin Desprez
Renaissance artists didn’t really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the “purity” of their music.
False
Concentration on vocal music during the Renaissance period meant that instrumental music continued to be used as mere accompaniment for voices.
False
This is an excerpt from a:
(player :25)
Madrigal
This example is:
(player :25)
From a Renaissance composition having its roots in folk songs
One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is:
A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day.
The composer of this selection is:
(player 10:26)
Jacob Obrecht
The Renaissance was the Golden Age of:
Choral composition for small ensembles
What element of the musical style of the following piece indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period?
(player :27)
It features imitation that goes through all the voices
The Renaissance period saw inventions and developments that:
Changed the physical and intellectual landscape of Europe.
Which time period is generally considered the Renaissance period?
1450 – 1600
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?
Cantus firmus
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture.
(player 4:32)
False
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances.
(player 5:37)
True
Which of the following selections is an example of a Renaissance consort?
(player 1:30)
Excerpt D
The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based.
False
Which of the following is not part of the Ordinary of the Catholic Mass?
Alleluia
The Renaissance may be described as an age in which:
Individualism, humanism, and secular values started to flourish once again.
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of repetition?
Binary form
Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music.
True
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form. (player 3:11)
True
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast?
Strophic form
Composers and arrangers can introduce some elements of variation in a piece of music without altering its basic form.
True
This piano piece exemplifies:
(player 2:34)
Ternary form
Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are not good examples of strophic form.
False
Listen to the following two examples from a piece in rondo form presented in the text.
Which excerpt represents the Theme?Example A (Player :20)
Example B (Player :53)

Example A
This movement from a piano sonata by Beethoven exemplifies:
(player 4:25)
Rondo form
Listen to the following example.
(player 2:06)
Ternary form
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form.
(player 3:22)
False
This cello piece exemplifies __________ form.
(player 2:33)
Binary
According to the text, in rondo form, the repeating themes are separated by:
contrasting episodes
This piece of music is an example of:
(player 3:59)
Strophic form
This composition is a clear example of:
(player 17:17)
Theme and variations form
Which excerpt most likely represents theme and variations form?
Example A (player 15:33)
Example B (player 3:59)
Example A
A Baroque suite is…
A multi-movement instrumental work based on rhythms of popular dances
The dates given in the course for the Baroque Period place it between:
1600-1750
The composer of the following music example could likely be…
:40
Purcell
The dynamics in this example is best described as:
:47
Terraced dynamics
Which statement reflects the musical features of the following music example?
3:32
Contrasts between a small group of soloists and a larger ensemble
The following selection, sung by Historicus, comes from a well-known __________.
:35
oratorio
Which of the following describes this example?
:40
Wide dynamic range and repetition in the melody to express deep feelings
Which statement does NOT apply to the following music example?
:20
It is sung a cappella
One characteristic of this excerpt that suggests it might be from the Baroque Period is:
:29
It contrasts a group of instruments with a solo instrument.
The secular text and overall musical style of this example suggest that it is from a/an:
:40
Opera
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: What would be the typical expectation regarding the rest of the movements of this particular type of work?
:47
There may be other movements, some of which may introduce soloists.
Who composed La favola d’Orfeo, a work that marks the beginning of opera as a major art form?
Claudio Monteverdi
The sacred text and overall musical style of this example suggests that it is part of a/an:
:47
Oratorio
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: Who would be a likely composer for this work?
:47
Bach or Handel.
Early baroque music is characterized by frequent use of polyphonic texture.
False
In the Baroque period, music for keyboard…
Was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos
The following excerpt is most likely from a/an:
:40
Opera
During the Baroque period, the musical feature that lent harmonic support to the main melodic line of a composition was called:
Basso continuo
The musical features of the following example suggest that it comes from a/an:
:40
Aria
Which of these examples is a recitative?
:24
Excerpt B
Farinelli was a famous:
castrato
The following excerpt is most likely from a:
:22
Concerto
In contrast to the Renaissance, where vocal and choral music took center stage, instrumental music established itself as the most significant genre of the Baroque period.
True
Which statement reflects the musical features of the following music example?
:28
Performed by a small orchestra
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period?
The Scientific Revolution
According to Monteverdi, what is the difference between prima practica and seconda practica?
Prima practica emphasized equality of voices whereas seconda practica emphasized a hierarchy of voices
Which one of the following pairs of words or phrases represents the two main concepts behind Baroque music?
Basso continuo; The Doctrine of Affections
The following excerpt is an example for which style of recitative?
1:00
Recitativo secco
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative.
:25
True
Which of the following excerpts exhibits Baroque rhythmic characteristics?
:39
Excerpt B
The following excerpt is most likely from a(n)…
:33
Piece for solo keyboard
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative.
1:01
False
Which statement does NOT apply to the following music example?
:20
It has monophonic texture
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period?
The Thirty Years’ War
The vocal technique illustrated by the following example is known as:
:21
Melismatic singing
During the Baroque period, the term sonata was used for musical works __________.
to be played
The texture of this excerpt is:
:32
Polyphonic
Which group was credited with inventing the recitative?
The Florentine Camerata
A Baroque oratorio is…
A multi-movement sacred work for soloist and choir intended for a concert performance
A Baroque sonata is…
A piece for solo instrument or a small group of instruments
The Baroque concerto is…
A piece that contrasts a solo instrument with an ensemble
Which of the following is NOT a Baroque composer?
Dufay
Which of the following examples features melismatic singing?
:21
Example C
What is the name of the technique used in the following excerpt?
1:54
Terraced dynamics
The earliest surviving opera—then called dramma per musica—was written by a member of the Florentine Camerata named:
Jacopo Peri
Tempo is an Italian universal musical term that refers to the speed at which a music composition is played.
true
Meter organizes _________ and __________ sounds into units called measures.
stressed : unstressed
Which of the following is a false statement?
Tempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms.
Each measure contains a combination of strong and weak __________, which represent the underlying ____________ of the music.
beats : pulse
Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score?
over the staff
Rhythm is defined as:
the organization of sounds in time
The proper musical term for “increasing the tempo” is __________.
accelerando
__________ is an Italian term that describes moderately fast tempo
moderato
The Italian term that describes very fast tempo is:
presto
If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect:
The first movement to be fast, the second slower
Meter in music can best be described as:
The grouping of pulses into consistent units
The top number of the time signature above, represents:
there are three beats in each measure
The Italian term for at ease is:
adagio
The proper musical term for ‘decreasing the tempo’ is __________.
ritardando
Syncopation is often used in jazz settings.
true
Which excerpt suggests tempo rubato? (:46)
example A
Which of the following excerpts has a fast tempo? (:11)
example A
The sense of beat in this example is unstressed throughout. (4:32)
true
Which excerpt is an example of accelerando? (:16)
example A
The following excerpt is an example of duple meter. (:14)
true
Listen to the following selection. Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection? (7:31)
allegro
The placement of accents in the following example causes us to perceive its meter as: (:25)
mixed and changing
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando. (:11)
true
The following example features a steady pulse played by the bass. (5:59)
true
Which combination of beat and tempo is present in this excerpt? (:30)
strong and slow
In the following example: (:29)
The repeated rhythm pattern is part of the accompaniment
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando. (:11)
false
Listen to the following selection. Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection? (:59)
Vivace
Which excerpt suggests a weak beat? (:11)
example B
The following excerpt is not an example of triple meter. (:42)
false
The predominant meter of this example is: (2:53)
triple
The tempo in this example could be described as: (:30)
accelerando
The pulse in this example… (:44)
is very weak throughout
The tempo in this example… (:36)
remains consistent
This example illustrates the use of: (:30)
ritardando
The tempo of this example could be described as: (:20)
Consistently allegro
Which of these statements best describes the unique rhythmic feature in this example? (:19)
the dramatic use of silence
The following excerpt is: (:15)
The Triumphal March from the opera Aida
A melody consists of a succession of:
pitches
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (:26)
it has all three
The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of:
shape, direction, range
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (:13)
it has all three
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?
conjunct
When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a:
theme
The most salient compositional aspect of the following excerpt is: (:35)
Imitation between voices
The melody in the following excerpt is comprised of: (:24)
Several small melodic ideas
The direction of the following melody can be best described as: (:05)
Downward at first and then static
The trumpet melody in the following excerpt can be best described as: (:03)
disjunct
The melodic material in the following excerpt can be best described as having: (:13)
Mixed melodic directions with a transitional character
Does the following excerpt feature more disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (:22)
conjunct
The following excerpt is consonant. (:11)
true
The following excerpt represents a melody without harmonic accompaniment. (:14)
true
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music.
false
The following excerpt represents (:11)
melody with harmonic accompaniment
Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as:
(:16)
double stops
The following excerpt is dissonant.
(:28)
false
Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony.
False
This music example illustrates a chord played one note after another. This is called:
(:01)
arpeggio
Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension.
false
The following excerpt represents melody by itself without harmonic accompaniment.
(:03)
false
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment. (:06)
False
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment. (:11)
true
This excerpt demonstrates: (:19)
How dissonant harmonies create tension and instability throughout
Listen to the following example.
Which of the following types of texture does it represent? (:09)
Monophony
Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony?
The independence and equality of concurrent melodic lines
This music passage is an example of: (:16)
Homophony
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture. (:07)
true
The following excerpt represents polyphonic texture. (:14)
false
This piece of music is a good example of: (:20)
Polyphonic texture
This piece is a good example of: (:18)
Homophonic texture
The following music excerpt features: (:17)
A mixture of polyphonic and homophonic textures
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture. (:21)
false
This music excerpt is an example of: (:31)
Polyphonic texture
The following excerpt represents homophonic texture. (:18)
false
In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music.
true
Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other.
true
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture?
Cacophony
The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called:
Monophony
Which Classical genre is represented by this example?
:52
Chamber music
Which one of the following examples comes from a famous Beethoven symphony?
Excerpt D
The following excerpt comes from a famous aria in one of Mozart’s most enduring operas. Identify the opera in question.
5:45
Don Giovanni
A string [ ] is composed of two violins, one viola, and a cello.
quartet
Which of the following composers wrote this symphony?
16:54
Ludwig van Beethoven
The symphony had its origins in the overture, which was the introductory music for Italian opera.
True
From the Classical period onwards, sonata-allegro form was replaced by other forms as the basis for most instrumental music.
False
The sections of the Classical sonata-allegro form are:
Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation
Listen to the following example and select the genre that best defines it:
Symphony
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is:
:08
Short, symmetrical, and balanced
Beethoven is sometimes referred to as “The Father of the Symphony.”
False
During the Classical period, opera buffa (comic opera) plots were based on myths and historical figures.
False
The following example from the Classical period may be classified as a/an:
:37
Sonata
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period.
3:26
False
The rhythm of the following example suggests that the piece was composed during the Classical period. The rhythm may be described as having a:
:13
Clear pulse and meter with regular, dance-like rhythms
Which of the following is not an overture by Beethoven:
Pastoral
Which of the following were important composers of the Classical period?
Mozart and Haydn
We can say that the harmony in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it features:
:26
chord accompaniment and clear, strong cadences
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as:
:38
Homophonic
The dates given in this course for the Classical period are:
1750 – 1825
What common Classical period genre does this excerpt represent?
:35
Symphony
According to the text, Beethoven strongly influenced the music of Haydn.
False
Which genre is represented by this example?
1:00
Concerto
This is an example of a new style of opera called opera buffa that emerged during the Classical period. It differed from opera in previous periods because…
:55
Stories were based on “real people,” and the music was light and humorous.
From which of the following pairs would you choose the most likely composer of this example?
:46
Haydn or Beethoven
Which would be the most likely composer of this example?
:20
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next?
A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style?
Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
The following excerpt comes from a famous aria in one of Mozart’s most enduring operas. Identify the opera in question.
2:55
The Magic Flute
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period.
3:41
True
Sonata-allegro form was used mainly in works for solo piano and did not apply to works for larger ensembles.
False
Which one of the following excerpts may be classified as chamber music?
:34
Excerpt C
Which one of the following excerpts belongs to a large choral work from the classical period?
:38
Excerpt A
Which of the following is a composition for an orchestral ensemble?
symphony
Identify the event that did not occur during the Classical period:
American Civil Rights Movement