Nonfiction//Mrs. Corry

AHA MOMENT
Julia Alvarez is on a plane that experiences engine trouble. Although she is frightened, she offers comfort to another passenger, and a fellow passenger supports her. The passengers on the flight reevaluate what is important and form a supportive community. From the experience, Alvarez learns the importance of passing kindness on, rather than “paying it back.”
“I was in the tiny bathroom in the back of the plane when I felt the slamming jolt, then the horrible swerve that threw me against the door.”
BECOMING A COMPOSER
Hikari Oe was born with a brain disorder that affected his ability to think but did not affect his ability to appreciate and compose music. His mother played classical music before he was born and when he was young, Hikari had physical limitations that made it difficult for him to play music, but he learned to play the piano, had perfect pitch, and was very sensitive to sounds. His teacher worked with Hikari and taught him to improvise and transcribe music. Eventually, he began to compose his own works.
“Hikari has been hearing music all his life.”
I HAVE A DREAM
The speech, delivered at the foot of the Lincoln Memorial on August 28, 1963, is widely recognized and quoted. King refers to the excitement brought about the Emancipation Proclamation, but he notes that one hundred years later, African Americans are still not free. He goes on to say that this is a beginning and notes that civil rights supporters will not be satisfied as long as African Americans are treated brutally or denied equal rights. He describes his dream of freedom and justice.
“I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.”
TRAPPED IN NEW ORLEANS:PETS STILL BEING RESCUED
The article describes actions taken to rescue pets in New
Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. Rescuers brought pets they
could find to shelters and left food and water for others.
Shelters had trouble keeping up with all the animals, and
some were shipped to other states. Efforts were
made to help reunite pets and owners. The pet rescue
Experience was an emotional one. People donated millions
of dollars to support animal shelters in Louisiana and
Mississippi.
NONFICTION
is prose writing about real events.
BIOGRAPHY
the story of a person’s life written by someone else.
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AUTOBIOGRAPHY
the story of a person’s life written by that person. Is written in first-person and uses the pronoun “I”.
MEMOIR
a type of autobiography that focuses on one incident.
ESSAY
a short work that presents a single main idea, or thesis, about a particular topic.
EXPOSITORY ESSAY
Also known as an informative essay. Explore a topic with the goal of informing or enlightening the reader.(news article, research report)
PERSUASIVE
Aims to persuade the reader to accept a certain point of view.(editorial, Petition)
PERSONAL ESSAY
Explores a topic related to the life or interests of the writer. Unlike the formal essay, the personal essay is intimate and informal in style and tone.
SPEECH
A public address that was originally delivered orally.
IMPROMPTU
A speech given without advance notice.
MEMORIZED SPEECH
A speech that has been written out and memorized word for word.
EXTEMPORANEOUS
A speech in which that speaker refers to notes occasionally
ARTICLE
Writing about a particular topic issue, event, or series of events.(Newspapers, magazines, journals, or websites.)
EDITORIAL
A magazine or newspaper article that represents the opinions of the editors or publishers. Editorials have a persuasive tone.
HOW-TO-WRITING
Explains a procedure of strategy.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATIONAL TEXTS
web pages, electronic media, visual media, and advertisements.
EPIPHANY
A moment of a sudden insight in which the essence, or nature, of a person, thing, or situation is revealed.
RHETORICAL DEVICES
techniques used by speakers to achieve a particular effect, especially to persuade or influence.
PARALLELISM
when a writer emphasizes the equal value or weight of two or more ideas by expressing them in the same form.
REPETION
when a writer intentionally reuses a sound, word, phrase, or sentence.
RHETORICAL QUESTION
a question that is asked for effect but not meant to be answered.
ALLUSION
a reference to a well-known person, event, object, or work from history or literature.
APPEALS
used to convince the audience/reader to think or act a certain way.
LOGICAL APPEAL
reasons, facts, statistics, and examples.
EMOTIONAL APPEAL
words, phrases, anecdotes tat appeal strongly to the audiences feelings.
ANECDOTE
a short interesting account of a real or fictional story about life.
AUDIENCE ANALYSIS
the process of analyzing the beliefs, backgrounds, assumptions, and other factors that will determine how the audience reacts to the speech/essay.
BRIDGING
taking a point from the opposing side and showing how it can actually be connected to your argument.
COMMON GROUND
making an agreement with your audience or opponent before beginning to persuade.
CONCESSION
agreeing that the other side has a point when they make and argument against you.
SUPPORTING EVIDENCE
this can either be fictional or factual, but you must cite sources to make it seem believable.
his ability as an orator
WHAT WAS MARTIN LUTHER KING KNOWN FOR?
August 28, 1963; over 200,000
ON WHAT DAY DID PEOPLE GO TO WASHINGTON TO PASS THE CIVIL RIGHT? HOW MANY PEOPLE WENT?
his undying dream of imperishable rights and opportunities
WHAT WAS MARTIN LUTHER KING’S SPEECH ABOUT?
he was leading a demonstration for striking garbage workers
WHY WAS KING ASSASSINATED?