NFPT Study Guide

SPICES
The 6 components of wellness, Social Physical Intellectual Cognitive Emotional Spiritual
5 components of physical fitness
Cardiorespiratory conditioning, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, body comp
Health
Current state of physical, social, or mental well-being
ADLs
Activities of daily living
Factors a physician should determine
Cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, joint injury, obesity, metabolic disorders
3 influential aspects that contribute to positivity
Predisposing factors, enabling factors, reinforcing factors
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Muscular system
Produces force, maintains posture, allows movement, produces heat
Skeletal system
Protects organs, supports framework, produces blood cells in marrow, regulates mineral balance, stores minerals
Circulatory system
Pumps blood
Respiratory system
Breathes, transports gas to and from blood
Nervous system
Communicate messages to. Odyssey with brain, spinal cord and nerves
Digestive system
Breaks down food
Immune system
Protects body from attack
Endocrine system
Glands, homeostasis through hormones
Integumentary system
Protection via hair skin and nails
Reproductive system
Sex organs
Urinary system
Renal system, waste, blood volume and pressure, electrolytes, metabolites
Origin
Point where muscle joins stationary bone at closest end to the body
Tendon
Strong connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
656
Number of muscles in adult body
206
Number of bones in adult body
Cartilage
Tough but flexible connective tissue covering end of bones