music final

by shaking, scratching, or striking the instrument itself
– How do performers cause idiophones to produce sound?
The Madrigal
– The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of:
Melody
-succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called:
Phrase
– unit of meaning within the larger structure of a melody is called a:
Meter
– Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called:
First Beat
– In triple meter, the strongest pulse occurs on:
Triple Meter
– The patriotic song America (“My country, ’tis of thee”) is an example of:
Polyrhythm
– The simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patterns is called:
Nonmetric
– Music that moves without a strong sense of beat or meter is called:
Interval
– The distance and relationship between two tones is referred to as a(n):
C Sharp or D Flat
– On the piano, the black key between the white keys C and D is called:
Romantic
– With which era is chromatic music most frequently associated?
V
– The dominant chord is represented by the symbol:
the shape of the melody
– When a melody is transposed to another key, what remains the same:
Sequence
– The restatement of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch is called a(n):
ABA
– The form based on a statement and a departure without a return to the complete opening statement is called:
Pianissimo
– Which of the following dynamic markings is the softest?
<
– Which of the following symbols indicates growing louder?
words and music that repeat in a poem.
– The term refrain refers to:
the total language of all artists
– The style of a historical period is defined by:
Ars Nova
– Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:
Machaut
– The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
Machaut
– Who composed the chanson Ma fin est mon commencement?
the organ
– keyboard instrument that appeared in the medieval era is the:
Italy
– Where was the madrigal first developed?
Gutenberg
– Who is credited with inventing the printing press?
Pavane
– the following, which is a stately court dance?
Antwerp
– Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?
False
– The Renaissance is the earliest musical period in the Western tradition:
True
– An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris:
True
– Troubadours and trouvères were medieval poet-musicians:
true.
– During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered improper for ladies:
true
– Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music:
an opera
A drama that is sung is called
recitative
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
an aria
A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
an overture.
The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:
the libretto.
The text of an opera is called:
Monteverdi
Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
France
Which cultural center rejected Italian opera?
masque
A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:
the covent
Women seeking to compose substantial works often turned to:
congregation
Luther believed that music belonged to the:
all of the above
During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:
the organ.
Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
a grand chorale fantasia.
The opening movement of Bach’s cantata Wachet auf is best described as:
elaborate scenery
Which of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?
the Bible.
The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from:
the oratorio
George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
Handel
________ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England
operas
When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing:
the oratorio
Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
Messiah
Which of the following is Handel’s most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?
oratorio
Handel’s Messiah is:
all of the above
Why is Messiah so popular in England and America today?
an instrumental refrain in an aria
What is a ritornello?
Lining Out
– In seventeenth century New England, the practice of singing developed by the Puritans that is based on call and response is called:
Polyphonic
– What is the basic texture of the practice of lining out?
Harpsichord
– A keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:
Fugue
– The ________ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other:
Answer
– After the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the:
Diminution
– In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:
A Well-Tempered Clavier
– Which of the following is a set of preludes and fugues by Bach?
Binary
– What is a common form of an individual movement in a suite?
suite
– Water Music by Handel is best described as a:
Three
– The typical solo concerto has ________ movements:
Concerto
– The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called a:
Vivaldi
– Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos in the Baroque era?
The Violin
– The solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is:
The Four Seasons
– Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
The concertos avoid ritornello
– Which of the following does NOT characterize Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons?
motives
A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called:
music without a story or text
Which of the following best describes absolute music?
minuet-and-trio form
In the Classical multimovement cycle, the third movement is usually in:
ABA
The overall form of a minuet and trio is best described as:
chamber music
Music for a small ensemble of two to about ten players with one player to a part is called:
national anthem for Austria
The melody for the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 became the
German for “A Little Night Music.”
Eine kleine Nachtmusik is:
strings
In the Classical orchestra, which group of instruments serves as the ensemble’s nucleus?
sonata-allegro form.
The first movement of a symphony is usually in:
minuet-and-trio form.
The third movement of a Classical symphony is most frequently in:
Haydn
The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by
London
Haydn’s Military Symphony was composed for his visit to which city?
deafness
Beethoven suffered perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it?
32
How many symphonies did Beethoven write?
4
How many movements does Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 have?
3
How many movements are in a Classical concerto?
the cadenza.
A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment called:
the piano
The most popular solo instrument in the Classical concerto was:
a double exposition.
The first movement of a Classical concerto features sonata-allegro form with
a requiem.
A musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called:
opera seria
During the Classical era, the prevalent form of opera, which occupied itself mainly with the affairs of nobility and Greek legends, was called:
Don Giovanni.
Don Giovanni attempts to console Donna Elvira, who has been betrayed by:
the recapitulation
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development, and:
all of the above
Theme-and-variations form often utilizes which of the following compositional techniques?
2 violins, 1 viola and 1 cello
A string quartet consists of
theme-and-variations
The form of the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 is:
a serenade
Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of
Requiem
Mozart died while writing his:
is a modified song form.
The form of the first movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp Minor, Op. 27, No. 2
the symphony.
The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period is:
Symphony No. 9
The “Ode to Joy” is the finale to Beethoven’s
england
Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country?
It was sung in the vernacular.
How did comic opera differ from opera seria?
Lorenzo da Ponte
Mozart’s librettist for Don Giovanni was:
tragedy
Which of the following descriptions characterizes the story of Don Giovanni?
a musical idea that is used as a building block.
In musical compositions, a theme is:
the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music.
Mozart is remembered today as:
piano and trumpet
Which of the following was NOT a favored sonata instrumentation in the late eighteenth century?
a four-note motive
Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5?
exotic
Artists and writers in the nineteenth century turned to Italy and Spain as well as Asia and the Far East for inspiration. These locales were considered
true
Nationalistic feelings inspired Romantic composers to incorporate folk songs and dances from their native lands into their works
false
Romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other expressive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to musicians.
Aida & Madame Butterfly
Which of these Romantic-era works is considered to have an “exotic” narrative?
False
The Bohemian artist adhered to the social norms of the establishment.
Clara Wieck Schumann & Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
Which of the following are Romantic-era composers?
conductor
The large size of the Romantic orchestra resulted in the need for a
the middle class
The French Revolution signaled the transfer of power from the hereditary landholding aristocracy to whom?
Frederic Chopin
Novelist George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin) played a key role in which composer’s career?
eschewal of chromatic and dissonant pitches
Which of the following is NOT a style trait of Romantic music?
Princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein
Who of the following played a key role in Franz Liszt’s career?
true
The French Revolution fostered the rise of a middle-class society.
lyrical and singable
Romantic-era melodies are best described as
English horn, contrabassoon, & piccolo
Which of the following were new instruments added to the Romantic orchestra?
true
Musicians and composers achieved a higher social status during the Romantic era than they had in the Classical era.
Frédéric Chopin
Novelist George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin) played a key role in which composer’s career?
affordable
The Industrial Revolution brought with it the means to create more ___________ and responsive musical instruments as well as technical improvements that influenced the sound of Romantic music.
Walter Scott
Victor Hugo
Which of these authors wrote during the Romantic era?
false
Romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other expressive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to musicians.
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
Clara Wieck Schumann
Which of the following are Romantic-era composers?
true
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was a prominent composer of Lieder.
Every stanza is set to same melody.
Which of the following correctly describes strophic song form?
modified
The two main Romantic-era song structures include strophic and through-composed. An intermediate type, which is a combination of these two, is called _______ strophic
music criticism
composition
Robert Schumann was noted for which of the following in his day?
The poetry was written by Heine.
It is in a strophic form.
It is for solo voice and piano.
Which of the following is a characteristic of Robert Schumann’s In the Lovely Month of May?
true
According to legend, anyone touched by the Elfking must die.
piano
The German art song was a genre that was generally performed by a solo voice and
German
A Lied is an art song for solo voice and piano sung in
text-painting
What special technique is used at the end of the first verse in the song “In the Lovely Month of May”?
It is comprised of sixteen songs.
It is a song cycle.
The poems follow a psychological progression.
Which of the following describes Robert Schumann’s Dicterliebe (A Poet’s Love)?
Clara Schumann
Franz Schubert
Who of the following were prominent composers of Lieder?
He wrote more than 600 Lieder.
He sang in a prestigious choir in Vienna.
His music shows both Classical and Romantic traits.
Which of the following correctly describe a part of Franz Schubert’s career?
Correct Answer(s)
song cycle
What is the term for a group of Lieder unified by a descriptive or narrative theme?
true
Romantic Lied texts are written in German.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Who wrote the dramatic poem (based on a Danish legend) which provides the text for Schubert’s Elfking?
through-composed form
A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in which form?
Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
true
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was a prominent composer of Lieder.
Every stanza is set to same melody
Which of the following correctly describes strophic song form?
set to a Goethe poem

through-composed form

Schubert: Elfking
set to a Heine poem
strophic form
Schumann: “In the Lovely Month of May”
true
Nineteenth-century parlor music in the United States was written to be accessible to amateurs.
true
Foster was sympathetic toward the Abolitionist cause.
false
Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was the most famous of Foster’s songs during his lifetime.
minstrel show
Which of the following was a type of racially-charged theatrical variety show in the United States in the nineteenth century?
Stephen Foster
who helped to build a powerful musical industry in the United States in the nineteenth century, even though he earned very little from sales of his sheet music.
strophic
The form of Stephen Foster’s song Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is __________
art song
Nineteenth-century songwriters in the United States combined elements of European _____ _____ and opera with other traditions such as nostalgic “folk songs” to create commercially successful popular music.
false
Music in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century America was wildly divergent from European traditions.
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Foster’s My Old Kentucky Home was inspired by which?
homophonic
Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is primarily composed in what texture?
Christy Minstrels
From 1847 on, Stephen Foster was under contract with the
Stephen Foster
The famous American tunes Oh, Susanna!, Beautiful Dreamer, and Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair were all composed by who?
true
Stephen Foster is known for his minstrel show tunes and parlor songs.
false
Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was the most famous of Foster’s songs during his lifetime.
Old Folks at Home
Camptown Races
Which of the following songs were written by Stephen Foster?
true
Stephen Foster’s songs exemplify the intersection between the American spirit and the European art tradition.
syllabic
major key
moderate tempo
Which of the following correctly describes Stephen Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair?
“scenes from the plantation”
In nineteenth-century minstrel shows, white performers acted out __________________ in blackface.
minstrel show
Which of the following was a type of racially-charged theatrical variety show in the United States in the nineteenth century?
true
Foster was sympathetic toward the Abolitionist cause.
true
Stephen Foster’s songs exemplify the intersection between the American spirit and the European art tradition.
mazurka
The lively triple-meter dance with an accent on the second or third beat in the measure that originated in Mazovia is known as the.
poet.
Robert Schumann praised the level of expression in Chopin’s work, calling Chopin a(n)
_________
mazurkas and polonaises
Chopin paid homage to his Eastern European ancestry by composing which?
chromatic melody
triple meter
Which of the following describes Chopin’s Mazurka in B-flat Minor, Op. 24, No. 4?
true
The short lyric piano work was the instrumental equivalent to the nineteenth-century song.
true
Romantic era piano character pieces often had fanciful titles.
France
After his conservatory studies, Frédéric Chopin spent most of his productive career in __________
polonaises
études
nocturnes
Which of the following are pieces that Chopin wrote and which are not?
true
The piano played a crucial role in nineteenth-century musical culture.
false
The piano experienced minor technical improvements during the nineteenth century.
robbed time
Which is the best definition of tempo rubato?
Felix Mendelssohn
Franz Liszt
Clara Wieck Schumann
Who of the following composers wrote short lyric piano pieces in the Romantic era ?
piano.
Polish composer Frédéric Chopin dedicated his entire compositional output to the _______
dancelike
What best describes the character of the Chopin’s Mazurka?
string quartets
Which genre is NOT a part of Chopin’s compositional output?
rubato.
In his music Chopin called for “robbed” time, a technique formally known as
character
Able to exhibit melodious and dramatic moods despite its compact form, the short lyric piano piece, also known as the _________ piece, was the instrumental equivalent to the song.
novelist
Chopin was romantically involved with George Sand, the renowned French ___________