Music Appreciation ch. 16-20

Which of the following does NOT characterize secular music-making in the Renaissance?
women were discouraged from performing music in the home
The expressive device that Renaissance composes used to pictorialize words musically is called:
word-painting
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?
the madrigal
Where was the madrigal first developed?
Italy
The vivid depiction of a text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of the:
madrigal
Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so important?
they brought a new level of expression to the madrigal
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Madrigals with simper and more accessible texts were especially favored in:
England
Which of the following best describes the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis?
pastoral and light
Who invented the printing press?
Johannes Gutenberg
The invention of the printing press allowed:
books to become available to the middle class
(T/F) Only professional musicians performed secular music during the Renaissance
false
(T/F) During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered improper for ladies
false
(T/F) The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal
true
(T/F) Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression.
true
(T/F) The text of Arcadelt’s madrigal II bianco e dolce cigno has levels of meanings, some of which are erotic
true
(T/F) England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form
true
(T/F) Unlike madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word-painting
false
(T/F) The printing press had little impact on secular music
false
Which of the following was a characteristic of medieval art abandoned in the Renaissance?
space organized in a succession of planes
Which of the following characterizes humanism?
thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, independence from tradition and religion
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
the chanson
Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music?
it has fuller harmonies, it has smoothly gliding lines, it is performed a cappella
What best describes the texture of ideal Renaissance sacred music?
imitative
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
a cantus firmus
What is a cactus firms?
a fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass
Which early Renaissance composer exerted influence on generation of composers who followed?
Josquin des Prez
Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of the:
motet
The text of Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is:
in praise of the Virgin Mary
Wha is the musical basis of Joaquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena?
a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then a freely composed melody
(T/F) Medieval artists preferred to depict their subjects in profile rather than facing front
false
(T/F) Humanism was inspired by the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome
true
(T/F) The Renaissance motet is a sacred genre with a single Latin text
true
(T/F) The preeminent composers of motets in the early Renaissance were from Italy
true
(T/F) Joaquin’s career centered exclusively in his native France
false
(T/F) Joaquin did not use preexisting melodies in his sacred works
false
The Roman Catholic Church service that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:
the Mass
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
the Ordinary
The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:
the Proper
What was the primary language of the Mass?
Latin
Which of the following are the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
The first session of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy, is called the:
Kyrie
Which section of the Ordinary of the Mass is a confession of faith?
the Credo
Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther
In the churches of Luther and Calvin, the musical emphasis was on:
the inclusion of instruments in the service
After the Protestant Reformation of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as:
the Counter-Reformation
Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent?
using more musical instruments to enhance church music
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Which of the following best describes the intended performance practice for the Pope Marcellus Mass?
It would have been sung by an all-male choir with boy sopranos or male falsettos
Which of the following best describes the texture of the Pope Marcellus Mass?
six-voice polyphony
(T/F) The texts of the Mass that change for each service make up the Ordinary
false
(T/F) The Introit is the first movement of the Ordinary of the Mass
false
(T/F) The text for the final portion of the Ordinary, the Agnus Dei, is divided into three parts
true
(T/F) Martin Luther launched the Reformation movement
true
(T/F) The reform movement in the Catholic church brough about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter-Reformation
true
(T/F) The Council of Trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century
true
(T/F) The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices
true
Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:
soft or loud
The ______ is an end-blown flute with a breathy tone
recorder
Early instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and the sackbut, were categorized as:
loud
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
the shawm
The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is the:
sackbut
Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?
ronde
Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?
Antwerp
Which of the following does NOT characterize the dances that Susato published?
irregular phrase lengths
(T/F) Early instrumental music largely depended on improvisation
true
(T/F) Bas instruments wer used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages
false
(T/F) The rebec was a type of wind instrument
false
(T/F) The sixteenth century saw a blossoming of instrumental dance music
true
(T/F) Instrumental music of the sixteenth century often did not specify its instrumentation
true
(T/F) Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments, such as recorders and strings
true
(T/F) The dance music that Susato published is monophonic
false
(T/F) The dance music of Susato appeared in print and hence was not suitable for improvisation
false
During the seventeenth century, women who desired a public voice through music often joined a:
convent
Which of the following was a reason that a woman would join a convent during the seventeenth century?
to avoid an unwanted marriage, to have an outlet for musical talent, to seek asylum after being widowed
The canticle of Mary is generally known as the:
Magnificat
During which service does the Magnificat occur?
Vespers
What service did Chiara Margarita Cozzolani provide for the convent of St. Radegonda?
composer
Which of the following is a type of music NOT composed by Chiara Margarita Cozzolani?
the secular cantata
The dramatic and mystical qualities of Cozzolani’s setting of the Magnificat are similar to those of what other significant artwork?
Bernini’s Ecstasy of St. Teresa
Of the following, which characterizes Cozzolani’s music for the Magnificat?
expressive and rich in word-painting
What are the performing forces for Cozzalani’s Magnificat?
two choirs, two soprano soloists, and organ and strings
The prayer of praise at the end of the Magnificat is called the:
doxology
(T/F) Creative voices from groups excluded from equal opportunity seldom have any emotional impact
false
(T/F) Women who made a name for themselves as professional musicians were often viewed as having low morals
true
(T/F) The convent of St. Radegonda in Milan was famous for its music-making
true
(T/F) The Catholic church supported the performances of nuns in public and their use of polyphony
false
(T/F) In convents, men frequently joined the nuns’ choir in order to perform the bass parts
false
(T/F) Although coming from the family of a wealthy Milanese merchant, Chiara Margarita Cozzolani entered a convent and professed her final vows at age eighteen
true
(T/F) In Cozzolani’s Magnificat, the choirs often sing in homophony
true
(T/F) Cozzolani wrote the text of her Magnificat
false