Multicultural Aspect- Final Review

Conversations are highly structured, with people typically taking turns at talking in a smooth and highly organized sequence. Which nonverbal code could you use to maintain the back-and-forth sequencing of a conversation?
A) expressing emotions
B) managing impressions
C) regulating interactions
D) conveying relationship messages
C) regulating interactions
Page Ref: 186
If you were particularly attracted to or distracted by a person’s piercing during a conversation, you are focusing on which of the following?
A) body characteristics
B) body adornments
C) body modifications
D) emblems
C) body modifications
Page Ref: 187-188
The Middle East, Latin America, and southern Europe are geographical areas with ________ cultures.
A) clarifying
B) elaborating
C) low-contact
D) high-contact
D) high-contact
Page Ref: 195
Which is NOT one of the universal aspects of nonverbal communication identified in the text?
A) the facial muscle sets used to display emotional states
B) the shoulder shrug
C) the need to be territorial
D) 24 – 36 inches of personal space
D) 24-36 inches of personal space
Page Ref: 181-182
Display rules govern
A) when various nonverbal expressions are required, preferred, permitted, or prohibited.
B) how far apart people should stand while talking.
C) when and how often to look at others in the conversation and when to look away.
D) all of the above.
D) all of the above
Page Ref: 182
The study of body movements is known as
A) chronemics.
B) kinesics.
C) proxemics.
D) vocalics.
B) kinesics
Page Ref: 189
The term used to describe nonverbal behaviors that have a direct verbal counterpart is
A) illustrators.
B) regulators.
C) adaptors.
D) emblems.
D) emblems
Page Ref: 190
According to Lustig and Koester, emblems can
A) not be decoded.
B) be universally understood.
C) mean different things in different cultures.
D) do everything listed above.
C) mean different things in different cultures
Page Ref: 190
The term used to describe nonverbal behaviors that are used to emphasize, explain, or support words or phrases is
A) illustrators.
B) adaptors.
C) regulators.
D) emblems.
A) illustrators
Page Ref: 191
Which statement about regulators is FALSE?
A) Regulators help to synchronize the back-and-forth nature of conversation.
B) Regulators are facial and body movements that show feelings and emotions.
C) Regulators are culturally specific.
D) Regulators are a type of kinesics behavior.
B) Regulators are facial and body movements that show feelings and emotions.
Page Ref: 192
TRUE or FALSE: Behavioral synchrony in the use of nonverbal codes can be found in virtually all cultures.
TRUE
Page Ref: 201
TRUE or FALSE: Verbal and nonverbal messages are actually separate and independent communication
systems.
FALSE
Page Ref: 180
TRUE or FALSE: The study of body movements is known as kinesics.
TRUE
Page Ref: 189
TRUE or FALSE: The meanings of nonverbal messages are usually less precise than are those of verbal codes.
TRUE
Page Ref: 181
TRUE or FALSE: Some cultures prefer a lot of touch during interactions while others may avoid it in public.
TRUE
Page Ref: 195-196
In U.S. English, the features of a well-organized speech or essay typically include all of the following except
A) the development of a specific theme.
B) the elaborate description of contextual points before advancing the thesis.
C) a clear and specific thesis statement.
D) a linear organizational pattern.
B) the elaborate description of contextual points before advancing the thesis.
Page Ref: 206-207
Japanese is a language that can be described as
A) speaker-responsible.
B) listener-responsible.
C) group-responsible.
D) context-responsible.
B) listener-responsible
Page Ref: 208
A speaker-responsible language typically conveys
A) the social status of the speaker.
B) ideas held by the listeners.
C) the specific meaning of the speaker’s statements.
D) all of the above.
C) all of the above.
Page Ref: 208
Unlike U.S. English, which has an organizational pattern that links ideas using “bridges” between paragraphs or utterances, Japanese is more like a
A) series of stepping stones that link ideas through implication.
B) long, curved road that eventually leads to a speaker’s main point.
C) tree that has one main point and several smaller “branches” that form sub-points.
D) steep mountain that takes a long time to get to the top but the journey is pleasant.
A) series of stepping stones that link ideas through implication.
Page Ref: 207-208
Cultures that prefer a/an _________ style of communication use explicit verbal messages that
reveal the speaker’s true intentions and desires.
A) direct
B) indirect
C) affective
D) elaborate
A) direct
Page Ref: 219
The term ethno-logics refers to
A) the similarities found in cultural proxemics.
B) the effective use of verbal and nonverbal cues in communication.
C) the ineffective use of verbal and nonverbal cues in communication.
D) how rationality varies among cultures.
D) how rationality varies among cultures.
Page Ref: 210
What a persuader offers as convincing proof of what she or he is trying to persuade is called the
A) alternative logic
B) persuasive style
C) evidence
D) persuasive code
C) evidence
Page Ref: 211
The quasilogical style of persuasion emphasizes
A) the form and arrangement of ideas.
B) implicit and explicit life lessons.
C) the speaker instead of the ideas.
D) how the message affects the listeners emotionally.
A) the form and arrangement of ideas
Page Ref: 213-214
9. What is the persuasive style that emphasizes and targets listeners’ emotions?
A) quasilogical
B) analogical
C) perceptual
D) presentational
D) presentational
Page Ref: 214
When speakers use stories and parables to deliver their messages, what kind of persuasive
style are they using?
A) narrational
B) quasilogical
C) analogical
D) presentational
C) analogical
Page Ref: 214
The authors discussed five types of changes in perceptions and behaviors that most likely occur as a relationship moves from an initial acquaintance to a close friendship. Which of the
following was NOT listed by the authors?
A) Friends talk to each other more often, for longer periods of time, and in more varied settings.
B) Increased knowledge of the other person’s motives and typical behaviors means that there is an increased ability to predict the person’s reactions to common situations.
C) The sense of “we-ness” increases.
D) As a result of increased time together, the people will begin having minor to major conflicts to handle.
D) As a result of increased time together, the people will begin having minor to major conflicts to handle.
Page Ref: 228
Which of the following are the three primary dimensions used by people throughout the world to interpret interpersonal communication messages?
A) control, apprehension, and affiliation
B) closure, affiliation, and activation
C) control, affiliation, and activation
D) closure, apprehension, and affiliation
C) control, affiliation, & activation
Page Ref: 231-233
The openness-closedness dialectic in interpersonal relationships
A) refers to people’s desire for change and stability.
B) refers to people’s desire to share or withhold personal information.
C) refers to the degree to which people react around them.
D) refers to the extent to which individuals vary in their desire for separation to a feeling of attachment.
B) refers to people’s desire to share or withhold personal information.
Page Ref: 235
The term face refers to
A) a social image.
B) an impression held by others.
C) desired favorable social attributes.
D) all of the above.
D) all of the above.
Page Ref: 235-236
Which three kinds of face needs are suggested by Tae-Seop Lim?
A) control, approval, and affiliation
B) affiliation, approval, and activation
C) control, approval, and admiration
D) admiration, apprehension, and closure
C) control, approval, & admiration
Page Ref: 236
The actions that people take to deal with the face-needs of oneself and others is called
A) negative face.
B) positive face.
C) facework.
D) mien-tzu.
D) facework
Page Ref: 238
In individualistic cultures,
A) preserving one’s own face is most important.
B) preserving the face of others is most important
C) the mutual preservation of everyone’s face is most important.
D) preserving the face of uninvolved bystanders is most important.
A) preserving one’s own face is most important
Page Ref: 239
Competent interpersonal relationships among people from different cultures
A) usually happen just by accident.
B) occur as a result of the knowledge and perceptions that people have about one another.
C) only requires an awareness of actions that are regarded as appropriate and effective.
D) are rarely achieved.
B) occur as a result of knowledge and perceptions that people have about one another.
Page Ref: 240
TRUE or FALSE: The interaction with an acquaintance tends to be on a superficial level.
TRUE
Page Ref: 226
TRUE or FALSE: Friendships usually occur between people who see themselves as similar in some important ways and who belong to the same social class.
TRUE
Page Ref: 227
TRUE or FALSE: Uncertainty reduction strategies do not come into play in relationships that are moving from an acquaintance to friendship.
FALSE
Page Ref: 228
TRUE or FALSE: Intercultural communication is often characterized by an increased tendency to misinterpret nonverbal control and status cues.
TRUE
Page Ref: 232
TRUE or FALSE: The similarity-attraction hypothesis suggests that we like people who are less similar to
ourselves but that we find more attractive than ourselves.
FALSE
Page Ref: 242
Which is NOT an example of social episodes?
A) attending classes
B) meeting classmates in a cafeteria
C) going shopping
D) reading a book
D) reading a book
Page Ref: 251
Which is NOT true of social episodes?
A) They are repetitive.
B) They occur annually.
C) They are predictable.
D) They are common.
B) The occur annually.
Page Ref: 251
Which is NOT a component of social episodes?
A) interaction treaties
B) rules of interaction
C) cultural patterns
D) social roles
A) interaction treaties
Page Ref: 252
The metaphor used by the authors to describe cultural patterns is
A) a red rose with a strong aroma.
B) tinted glasses that color everything people see.
C) a crystal ball that allows predictability.
D) a rainbow with blended colors.
B) tinted glasses that color everything people see
Page Ref: 252
Which statement about social roles is FALSE?
A) Your social role is the same thing as your social behavior.
B) You have expectations for yourself based on your roles.
C) You have expectations for others based on their roles.
D) The role that you take in a particular social episode strongly suggests to you the way in which you should act.
A) Your social role is the same thing as your social behavior.
Page Ref: 253
Rules of interaction include which of the following?
A) what to wear
B) what is acceptable to talk about
C) the sequence of events
D) all of the above
D) all of the above.
Page Ref: 254
The recurring, repetitive topics that people talk about in social conversations are called
A) cultural patterns.
B) social roles .
C) interaction scenes.
D) interaction contexts.
C) interaction scenes.
Page Ref: 256
The settings or situations within which social episodes occur are called
A) cultural patterns.
B) social roles.
C) interaction scenes.
D) interaction contexts.
D) interaction contexts
Page Ref: 258
Which of the following is NOT an approach to health care as described by Lustig and Koester?
A) magico-religious approach
B) holistic approach
C) biomedical approach
D) sociological approach
D) sociological approach
Page Ref: 259-261
TRUE or FALSE: A social role is a set of expected behaviors that is associated with people in a particular position.
TRUE
Page Ref: 253
TRUE or FALSE: Sometimes, breaking the rules of interaction that govern a social episode make one consciously aware of those rules.
TRUE
Page Ref: 254
TRUE or FALSE: The meanings that are assigned to particular behaviors are not dependent upon the context of the interaction.
FALSE
Page Ref: 258
TRUE or FALSE: In the magico-religious approach to health care, humans are thought to desire to maintain a sense of harmony with the forces of nature.
FALSE
Page Ref: 259
TRUE or FALSE: In the holistic approach to health care, humans desire to maintain a sense of harmony with the forces of nature.
TRUE
Page Ref: 260
During an intercultural interaction, the unique speech patterns of members of cultures who are subordinate to institutionally and economically dominant cultures can be
A) emphasized.
B) deemphasized.
C) both emphasized and deemphasized.
D) overshadowed by the speech patterns of members of the economically dominant culture.
C) both emphasized and deemphasized
Page Ref: 288
Which of the following is likely to lead to positive attitudes in intercultural communication?
A) All negative feelings are dealt with through open communication.
B) At least one group perceives a benefit from the contact.
C) Someone in authority supports intercultural contact.
D) There is a strong but friendly atmosphere of competition.
C) Someone in authority supports intercultural contact.
Page Ref: 289
If people feel that aspects of their cultural identity are being threatened, what is likely to happen?
A) increased group identity
B) decreased group identity
C) heightened sense of self-awareness
D) decrease in self-awareness
A) increased group identity
Page Ref: 290
What is the preferred term for the process that takes place when an individual goes through
changes as a result of intercultural contacts?
A) adaptation
B) accommodation
C) assimilation
D) coping
A) adaptation
Page Ref: 294
Assimilation into a new culture will occur when an individual
A) wishes to take on the values and beliefs of a new culture.
B) deems it relatively unimportant to maintain his or her original cultural identity.
C) believes it important to establish relationships with other cultures.
D) all of the above.
D) all of the above.
Page Ref: 294-295
__________ occurs when members of a more politically and economically powerful cultural group do NOT want to have contact with certain cultural groups.
A) Separation
B) Segregation
C) Seclusion
D) Marginalization
B) Segregation
Page Ref: 295
When individuals move beyond the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of their own cultures and incorporate other cultural realities, a process of __________ takes place.
A) intercultural personhood
B) transcultural conversion
C) cultural alteration
D) co-oriented modification
A) intercultural personhood
Page Ref: 297
Cultural relativism is the belief that
A) individual cultures must be judged within their own set of values.
B) people relate most effectively to those from cultures that are most like their own.
C) there are ways to universally evaluate the behaviors sanctioned by different cultures.
D) although one can never “go native,” a visitor to another culture can become a competent cultural member.
A) individual cultures must be judged within their own set of values.
Page Ref: 301
According to Kale, what is one of the universal values that all cultures hold?
A) a search for the “truth”
B) nurturance of children
C) striving for a world at peace
D) protection of life
C) striving for a world at peace
Page Ref: 301
Adaptation includes which of the following?
A) Physical
B) Biological
C) Social
D) All of the above
D) All of the above.
Page Ref: 291
TRUE or FALSE: Intercultural communication will likely become less common by the end of the 21st century.
FALSE
Page Ref: 286-287
TRUE or FALSE: A cultural group that has primary access to economic power can be described as the
dominant culture.
TRUE
Page Ref: 288
TRUE or FALSE: The process of adaptation includes physical, biological, and social changes.
TRUE
Page Ref: 291
TRUE or FALSE: Integration cannot be achieved unless one wishes to give up his or her original cultural identity.
FALSE
Page Ref: 295
TRUE or FALSE: Ethical intercultural communicators take responsibility for learning as much about others as
is possible and reasonable.
TRUE
Page Ref: 300
People who ignore evidence that is not consistent with their own viewpoint may be called
A) bigoted
B) prejudiced
C) ethnocentric
D) racist
B) prejudiced
Page Ref: 143
What kind of racism prevents Jews and African Americans from being admitted to certain
public schools and universities?
A) societal
B) cultural
C) institutional
D) organizational
C) institutional
Page Ref: 145-146
Cultural identity search refers to the
A) acceptance of oneself and internalization of one’s cultural identity.
B) exploration of one’s culture in order to understand the implications of membership.
C) process of understanding and appreciating one’s cultural characteristics.
D) process of socialization in which one views oneself as a member of a particular group.
B) exploration of one’s culture in order to understand the implications of membership.
Page Ref: 132
The tendency to use the categories and values of one’s own culture to evaluate the actions of others is called
A) prejudice.
B) ethnocentrism.
C) racism.
D) stereotyping.
B) ethnocentrism.
Page Ref: 136
Which human information process presents an obstacle to intercultural competence?
A) the simplification of information
B) the tendency to value others’ experiences
C) the ability to process all environmental stimuli
D) the inclination to interpret behavior using a large number of personal experiences
A) the simplification of information
Page Ref: 136-137
TRUE or FALSE: Cultural identity refers to one’s sense of belonging to a particular culture or ethnic group.
TRUE
Page Ref: 130
TRUE or FALSE: The knowledge function of prejudices helps people to maintain their sense of self-esteem.
FALSE
Page Ref: 144
TRUE or FALSE: The process of stereotyping is a necessary human function.
TRUE
Page Ref: 142
TRUE or FALSE: During the cultural identity search stage, one’s cultural characteristics are taken for granted.
FALSE
Page Ref: 132
TRUE or FALSE: The term discrimination refers to the behavioral manifestations of one’s prejudice.
TRUE
Page Ref: 144
Meanings that are more personal, emotionally charged, private, and specific to a particular person are called
A) denotative meanings.
B) connotative meanings.
C) semantic meanings.
D) syntactical meanings.
B) connotative meanings.
Page Ref: 157
The rules of a language that tell speakers which sounds to use and how to order them are called
A) morphological rules.
B) phonological rules.
C) semantic rules.
D) syntactic rules.
B) phonological rules.
Page Ref: 155
To those who have never learned of the Internet, an attempt to translate the sentence “Tonight I’m going to surf the web” will likely have problems with _________ equivalence.
A) conceptual
B) grammatical-syntactical
C) vocabulary
D) experiential
D) experiential
Page Ref: 161
The public, objective, and legal meanings of a word are called
A) constructive meanings.
B) connotative meanings.
C) denotative meanings.
D) phonological meanings.
C) denotative meanings.
Page Ref: 156-157
The study of the meaning of words is called
A) syntactics.
B) semantics.
C) pragmatics.
D) phonemics
B) semantics.
Page Ref: 156
TRUE or FALSE: Intercultural competence requires knowledge, motivation, and actions that recognize the
critical role verbal codes play in human interaction.
TRUE
Page Ref: 177
TRUE or FALSE: Denotative meanings are personal, emotionally charged, private, and specific to a particular
person.
FALSE
Page Ref: 157
TRUE or FALSE: For the most part, first languages are learned unconsciously and without awareness.
TRUE
Page Ref: 152
TRUE or FALSE: The word “comforted” contains three morphemes.
FALSE
Page Ref: 156
According to Lustig and Koester, what are the five ways in which nonverbal communication is related to verbal communication?
To accent, complement, contradict, regulate, or substitute for the verbal message.
A nonverbal message complements a verbal message by
All of the above: elaborating, explaining and clarifying.
The study of body movements is known as
kinesics
The term used to describe nonverbal behaviors that have a direct verbal counterpart is
emblems
According to Lustig and Koester, emblems can
Mean different things in different cultures.
The term used to describe nonverbal behaviors that are used to emphasize, explain, or support words or phrases is
illustrators
What are the four spatial zones identified by Edward Hall that affect communication?
intimate, personal, social, and public
Which statement is true about cultural differences in territoriality?
A. Cultures can differ in the general degree of territoriality that its members tend to exhibit.
B. Cultures can differ in the range of possible places or spaces about which they are territorial.
C. Cultures can differ in the typical reactions to invasions or contaminations of the territory that are exhibited.
D. All of the above.
All of the above.
Cultures that believe that outside forces such as fate or luck control their lives fall under what time orientation?
present-oriented cultures
Which time system includes agreements among the members of a culture on important issues such as the extent to which time is regarded as valuable and tangible?
formal time systems
Which time system addresses matters such as how long you should wait for someone, when to arrive at a party, when to arrive at an appointment, etc.?
informal time systems
Which of the following is/are true of a monochronic time system?
A. Things should be done one at a time.
B. Time is segmented into precise, small pieces.
C. Time is viewed as a commodity.
D. All of the above.
All of the above.
Vocalic qualities include which of the following?
All of the above: ??
When an interactant in a communicative event is particularly attracted to or distracted by a person’s beautiful eyes, they are focusing on which of the following code systems?
physical code system
Which statement will help you use your knowledge of nonverbal communication to improve your intercultural competence?
?
TRUE or FALSE: Learning to communicate as a native member of a culture involves knowing far more than the culture’s verbal code.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: The meanings of nonverbal messages are usually more precise than are those of verbal codes.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Nonverbal communication codes are learned directly through observation and personal experience in a culture.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: U.S. Americans typically associate the smile with happiness or friendliness.
TRUE
In U.S. English, the features of a well-organized speech or essay typically include all of the following except:
The elaborate description of contextual points before advancing the thesis.
Japanese is a language that can be described as
listener-responsible
A speaker-responsible language typically conveys
The specific meaning of the speaker.
Unlike U.S. English, which has an organizational pattern that links ideas using “bridges” between paragraphs or utterances, Japanese is more like a
series of stepping stones that link ideas through implication.
Cultural patterns interact with code systems by
creating expectations about how to organize and present ideas.
The term ethno-logics refers to
how rationality varies among cultures.
What a persuader offers as convincing proof of what she or he is trying persuade is called the
evidence
The quasilogical style of persuasion emphasizes
the form and arrangement of ideas .
What is the persuasive style that emphasizes and targets listeners’ emotions?
presentational
When speakers use stories and parables to deliver their messages, what kind of persuasive style are they using?
analogical
Because of historical and cultural forces, it is common for people from Japan, China, and Korea to view spoken words with
suspicion
Which Eastern religion emphasized the written word over oral language in Korea?
Confucianism
According to Basso’s observations of the Western Apache, which of the following is an interpersonal communication experience where silence is likely to be used?
When a relative returns home after a long absence.
People from Arab and Latino cultures may use metaphors and proverbs when speaking. Of which Gudykunst and Ting-Toomey’s four dimensions is this an example?
elaborate-succint
Why might Athabaskans perceive European Americans as too talkative?
Both cultures use pauses differently to regulate conversations.
TRUE or FALSE: The preferred organizational pattern in U.S. English is linear.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: In U.S. English, a well-organized speech or essay typically follows a linear organizational pattern.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: English is a listener-responsible language.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: In written communication, most cultures use a thesis statement and the paragraph as their primary organizational pattern.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Most people agree about what constitutes evidence and how it should be used.
FALSE
TRUE or False: Religious stories never count as evidence when making a persuasive argument.
FALSE
As one of the three primary dimensions used by people throughout the world to interpret interpersonal communication messages, affiliation
is used by members of a culture to interpret the degree of friendliness, liking, social warmth, etc.
Which of the following is NOT a condition that leads to increased uncertainty and anxiety management behaviors?
The other people exhibit behaviors that are consistent with what you had been expecting.
When a person acts deviantly, it most often means that ______________.
the person is often disliked and is regarded as interpersonally unattractive.
The consequences of uncertainty and anxiety management behaviors that are applicable to intercultural communication are grouped under what two generic labels?
informational consequences and emotional consequences
Emotional consequences of uncertainty and anxiety management may include______.
All of the above: ??
The three general strategies to gain information and reduce the level of uncertainty are__________.
passive, active, and interactive.
Which information-gathering strategy to reduce the level of uncertainty actually involves conversing with the other person?
interactive
Which term describes the range of topics that are revealed during self disclosure?
breadth
According to Ting-Toomey, in which type of culture are individuals able to express their agitation and anger about an issue and then joke and socialize with the person?
individualistic cultures
Competence in developing and maintaining intercultural relationships requires which of the following?
KNOWLEDGE of differences, a WILLINGNESS to consider and try alternatives, and the SKILL to enact alternative relational dynamics.
TRUE or FALSE: There are a wide range of cultural expectations for acquaintances and friendships but not for romantic relationships.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: No particular pattern of family relationships can be said to typify the world’s cultures.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: Activation behaviors are those that convey a sense of closeness, that communicate interpersonal warmth and accessibility, and that encourage others to approach.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Control behaviors are those that convey a sense of closeness, that communicate interpersonal warmth and accessibility, and that encourage others to approach.
FALSE
Which approach to health care emphasizes that one must maintain a sense of balance with nature?
holistic approach
The health care system in the United States tends to be based upon which of the following approaches to beliefs about health?
biomedical approach (Western approach)
Which statement about the educational context is FALSE?
The value of education is similar across most cultures.
Which statement about collectivistic cultures is FALSE?
Organization empower their negotiators to make decisions without collective consultation.
Which is NOT a component of Kibun?
ego
Which statement about the business context is TRUE?
Cultures differ in the preferred flow of business negotiations.
TRUE or FALSE: The meanings that are assigned to particular behaviors are dependent upon the context of the interaction.
TRUE
Page Ref: 258
TRUE or FALSE: There is no link between the cultural differences in the role requirements that restrict interaction between women and men and the treatment provided them by health care personnel.
false
TRUE or FALSE: In the educational context, cultural differences may lead to dissimilarities in the expectations about competent behaviors for students and teachers.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: Teachers have a responsibility to demonstrate intercultural communication competence.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: One’s cultural patterns directly affect preferred ways to learn in the classroom.
TRUE
Hewstone and Giles suggest that sometimes when a person does NOT conform to the stereotype others hold of his or her culture, the person may be perceived as
unrepresentative of the culture
What might create one of the most dangerous ethical dilemmas that affect the survival of a culture?
tourists
TRUE or FALSE: Culture shock can only occur when a person enters an unfamiliar cultural environment.
true
TRUE or FALSE: Ethical intercultural communicators do not take responsibility for learning as much about others as is possible and reasonable.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: When visiting a different culture, people should never behave in a way that displays their own cultural identity.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Tourism always benefits the native population.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Ethical communicators should try to identify with people from other cultures.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: Similarities in media and consumer products will likely lead to a homogenization of the world’s cultures.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Identical messages can be interpreted differently by people from different cultural backgrounds.
TRUE
Cultural identity search refers to the
a. Exploration of 1s culture in order to understand the implications of memberships
b. acceptance of oneself and internalization of one’s cultural identity.
c. process of understanding and appreciating one’s cultural characteristics.
d. process of socialization in which one views oneself as a member of a particular group.
a. Exploration of 1s culture in order to understand the implications of memberships.
Prejudices are not functional when they
a. Challenge ones self esteem
b. provide rewards and punishments to those who display specific behaviors.
c. express a group’s qualities that the members regard as unique and valuable.
d. neatly organize the world into categories.
a. Challenge ones self esteem
Identify the term introduced by Journalist Walter Lippmann in 1922 to refer to a selection process that is used to organize and simplify perceptions of others.
a. Stereotyping
b. Ethnocentrism
c. Utilitarian
d. Prejudice
a. Stereotyping
What kind of racism is based on the fear that one’s basic values are threatened by members of another cultural group?
a. Symbolic
b. Old fashioned
c. Tokenism
d. Aversive
a. Symbolic
One’s sense of belonging to a particular culture or ethnic group is called one’s
a. Cultural identity
b. social identity.
c. personal identity.
d. public identity.
a. Cultural identity
TRUE or FALSE: According to Taylor’s definition racism can only happen at the institutional level
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: All cultures have a tendency to be ethnocentric
TRUE
Which of the following designates the five different but interrelated sets of rules that combine to create a verbal code?
phonology, morphology, semantics, syntactics, and pragmatics.
Meanings that are more personal, emotionally charged, private, and specific to a particular person are called
a. Connotative meanings
b. denotative meanings.
c. semantic meanings.
d. syntactical meanings.
a. Connotative meanings
TRUE or FALSE: From the authors’ perspective, the “firm” or deterministic version of the Sapir-Whorf Conceptual Hypothesis is true
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: The basic meaning units of a language are called morphemes
TRUE
A selection process that organizes and simplifies perceptions of others is called
stereotyping
What kind of racism is expressed when an individual is friendly to a culturally different coworker but ignores this same co-worker at a social gathering?
aversive racism
TRUE or FALSE: In order to improve intercultural competence, each person must examine the various ways in which he or she stereotypes and categorizes people.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: Prejudiced thinking is dependent upon stereotypes and is fairly common.
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: A polychromic time system means that things should be done one at a time, and time is segmented into precise, small units.
FALSE
Display rules for showing grief or intense sadness are universal and the same for each culture.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: The study of the use of personal space is known as kinesics.
FALSE
TRUE or FALSE: Past-oriented cultures place a primary emphasis on tradition and the wisdom of older generations.
TRUE
T/F: When are the first learning how to combine words into phrases they’re being introduced to semantics of their language
False
T/F: Intercultural competence requires knowledge, motivation, & actions that recognize the critical role verbal codes play in human interaction
True
A verbal code is a set of rules about the use of words in the creation of ?
oral and non-oral messages
T/F: All cultures have a tendency to be ethnocentric
True
T/F: Prejudiced thinking is dependent upon stereotypes and is fairly common
True
T/F: Race is a more all encompassing term than either culture or nation
True