Midterm Study Guide

The author explains that the purpose of the text is to help the reader understand the “deeper game” associated with sports. This “deeper game” refers to
connections between sports and the larger social world
People in the sociology of sport are mostly concerned with studying
the social worlds created in and around sports
Which of the following is LEAST likely to be a concern among sociologist who study sports”
The motivation and personalities of athletes
According to the author, culture consist of
ways of life that people create as they live together
In the precise definition provided in chapter 1, sports consists of activities that are
officially governed and competitive
According to the precise definition provided in chapter 1, which of the following would be an example of a sport?
Racing in the Indianapolis 500
Using the precise definition of sport provided in chapter 1, it could be said that a competitive physical game becomes a sport when
it is well established and officially governed
When a precise definition is used, sports are distinguished from play because play involves
rewards that are intrinsic and dynamics that are free-flowing
According to the precise definition of sport provided in chapter 1, a sport is in danger of becoming a spectacle when
pleasing audience becomes all-important to athletes
When sociologists say that sports are “contested activities,” they mean that
people may struggle over what sports are and who should play them
One of the most hotly contested aspects of sports in society is
who plays sports under what conditions
Sports are social constructions. This means that they are
created by people as they interact with teach other
The sociology of sport differs from the psychology of sport in that sociologists are more likely that psychologists to focus on
the ways athletes are influenced by the organization of sports
Which of the following is a FALSE statement about ideologies?
Ideologies are stable and unchanging in most societies around the world
The material in chapter 3 is presented as
a brief overview of sports in different cultural and historical settings
The physical activities engaged in by people during prehistoric times usually were
forms of religious worship tied to sacred rituals and ceremonies
The overviews provided in chapter 3 suggest that the people who have had the greatest impact on sports
have the most power in the society
The term “Renaissance man” generally is used to refer to someone who
has a wide combination of physical, intellectual, and social skills
Rates of sport participation in the early years of the Industrial Revolution were
low because work and production were emphasized more than leisure
Sport participation among urban workers was relatively rate during the early days of the Industrial Revolution, and when it occurred it was often limited to
bowling and billiards played mostly by men
According to the definition used in Chapter 4, socialization refers to a process that
involves social development and learning about social worlds
Recent studies of socialization are based on Interactionists models rather than internalization models. Interactionists models emphasize that human beings are
active decision makers who give meaning to their experiences
When Chris Stevenson did a study in which her collected stories from elite athletes