Medical Terminology

angiocardiogram
X-ray record of the heart and great vessels made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium
angiogram
X-ray record of the blood vessels made visible through the use of an injected radiopaque contrast medium
angiography
Process of making an X-ray record of blood vessels
arteriography
Process of making an X-ray record of the arteries
arthrography
Process of making an X-ray record of a joint
bronchogram
X-ray record of the bronchial tree made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium
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cholangiogram
X-ray record of the bile ducts made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium
cholecystogram
X-ray record of the gallbladder made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium
cinematoradiography
Process of making an X-ray record of an organ in motion
cineradiography
Process of making a motion picture record of successive x-ray images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen
echoencephalography
Process of using ultrasound to study intracranial structures of the brain to diagnose conditions that cause a shift in the midline structures of the brain
echography
Process of using ultrasound as a diagnostic tool by making a record of the echo produced when sound waves are reflected back through tissues of different density
fluoroscopy
Process of examining internal structures by viewing the shadows cast on a fluorescent screen after the x-ray has passed through the body
hysterosalpingogram
X-ray record of the uterus and fallopian tubes made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium
intravenous pyelogram
X-ray record of the kidney and renal pelvis made visible through the use of an injected radiopaque contrast medium
ionometer
Instrument used to measure the amount of radiation used by x-rays or radioactive substances
ionotherapy
Treatment by introducing ions into the body
iontoradiometer
Instrument used to measure the amount and intensity of x-rays
lymphangiogram
X-ray record of the lymph vessels made visible with radiopaque contrast medium
lymphangiography
Process of making an X-ray record of the lymph vessels
mammography
Process of obtaining pictures of the breast with x-rays
millicurie
0.001 Ci
myelogram
X-ray record of the spinal cord made visible with a radiopaque contrast medium
oscilloscope
Instrument used to record an electrical wave visually on a fluorescent screen of a cathode-ray tube
photofluorogram
X-ray record of images seen during fluoroscopic examination
physicist
Person who specializes in the science of physics
radiation
Process by which radiant energy is propagated through space or matter
radioactive
Characterized by emitting radiant energy
radiodermatitis
Inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to x-rays or radioactive substances
radiograph
Picture produced on a sensitized film or plate by rays; also called X-ray record
radiographer
Person skilled in making x-ray records
radiography
Process of making an X-ray record
radiologist
Physician who specializes in radiology
radiology
Study of x-rays, radioactive substances, radioactive isotopes, and ionizing radiation
radiolucent
Property of permitting the passage of radiant energy
radiopaque
Property of obstructing the passage of radiant energy
radioscopy
Process of viewing and examining the inner structures of the body through the process of x-rays
radiotherapy
Treatment of disease by the use of x-rays, radium, and other radioactive substances
roentgenology
Study of roentgen rays for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes
sialography
Process of making an X-ray record of the salivary ducts and glands
sonogram
Record produced by ultrasonography
thermography
Process of recording heat patterns of the body’s surface; useful in the detection of breast cancer
tomography
Process of cutting across and producing images of single tissue planes
ultrasonic
Pertaining to sounds beyond 20,000 cycles/sec
ultrasonography
Process of using ultrasound to produce a record of ultrasonic echoes as they strike tissues of different densities
venography
Process of making X-ray record of veins