Medical & Applied Sciences Terms

cardiology
branch of medical science dealing with the heart & heart diseases
cytology
study of the structure, function, and abnormalities of cells. cytology and histology are subdivisions of microscopic anatomy
dermatology
study of skin and its diseases
epidemiology
study of the factors determining the distribution and frequency of health related conditions in a defined human population
endocrinology
study of hormones, hormone secreting glands and their diseases
gastroenterology
study of the stomach and intestines and their diseases
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geriatrics
branch of medicine dealing with older individuals and their medical problems
gerontology
study of the aging process
gynecology
study of the female reproductive system and its diseases
hematology
study of the blood and blood diseases
histology
study of the structure and function of tissues. histology and cytology are subdivisions of microscopic anatomy
immunology
study of the body’s resistance to infectious disease
neonatology
study of newborns and the treatment of their disorders
nephrology
study of the structure, function and diseases of the kidneys
neurology
study of the nervouse system and its disorders
obstetrics
branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy and childbirth
oncology
study of cancers
ophthalmology
study of the eyes and eye diseases
orthopedics
branch of medicine dealing with the muscular and skeletal systems and their problems
otolaryngology
study of the ear, throat, and larynx and their diseases
pathology
study of structural and functional changes that disease causes
pediatrics
branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases
pharmacology
study of drugs and their uses in the treatment of disease
podiatry
study of the care and treatment of feet
psychiatry
branch of medicine dealing with the mind and its disorders
radiology
study of xrays and radioactive substances and their uses in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
toxicology
study of poisonous substances and their effects upon body parts
urology
branch of medicine dealing with the urinary system, apart from the kidneys (nephrology) and the male reproductive system and their diseases.