MAP Vocabulary from DesCartes

antithesis
opposite or in contrast to (Dumbledore and Voldemort)
parallelism
when 2 similar phrases are brought together to create one sentence (Tom plays the piano and the violin.)
scansion
dividing the rythms of poetry (double, double toil and trouble)
metonymy
closely related word switched with another (good heads-intelligent people)
cliche
overused statement (lost track of time)
iambic pentameter
line 10 syllables long and accented on 2nd beat (weak STRONG weak STRONG)
synechdoche
a part stands for a whole (wheels-car)
archetype
first example, others made after or want to be like it (Dracula-Vampire Weenies)
oxymoron
contradictory words (agree to disagree/artificial grass)
paradox
an opinion or thought that goes against what most people believe ( I always tell stories instead of the truth.)
pathetic fallacy
describing animals and things as having feelings (angry lightning)
aphorism
quick statement or opinion that people remember (A leopard can’t change his spots.)
assonance
repetition or alliteration of vowel sounds
consonance
repetition or alliteration of consonant sounds (lady lounges lazily)
allusion
quick, unclear, or vague mention of something ( I am no Prince Charming.)
exposition
basic information about the plot, setting, or characters/essay that explains/essay that persuades (My Favorite Teacher)
sonnet
14 line poem that follows certain scheme or pattern (abab cdcd efef gg) (After Turkey Day)
memorandum
written reminder
acronym
word created from 1st letters or words/basic acrostic (ILE-Indian Land Elementary)
parable
short story or lesson to teach a truth (Frog in a Milk-Pail)
anecdote
funny short telling of a personal story (The Toothbrush in the Toilet)
satire
story that is ironic or sarcastic and is used to show how wrong someone is
syllogism
a very tricky argument where the outcome may not be obvious to everyone (invalid-All snails are snakes.) (valid-All robins are birds.)
flashback
when an earlier moment is referred to in a story or a past experience is remembered (Reading Cheesie Mack, but have already read Henry Aarron’s Dream
foreshadow
give a hint beforehand that something is going to happen (Harry is carrying his wand. Harry and Voldemort will duel.)

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