Lord of the Flies – chapters 5 through 12

What is Ralph realizing is necessary in order to be a leader?
In order to be aleader, you must be wise. You have to be ready when an occasion slips by to make decisions that will benefit the whole group. The attribute of wisdom was valuable and he saw that it got results. He saw this in Piggy and knew it was how he had to lead.
What rules have been ignored? List at least 3.
The rules of getting water from the stream put into a coconut for storage, where the lavatory was placed, and keeping the fire going have all been ignored. And, no one does their fair share of work.
What does it mean when Ralph refers to the littluns as taken short? What does that show about their behavior?
The littluns were having diarrhea everywhere from their fruit consumption. This shows that they are desperately hungry to eat fruit even when they get sick and that they are reversing to more primitive behaviors.
What rules does Ralph make regarding fires?
Ralph said they, “ought to die before letting the fire out.” Also, as a safety precaution, no where can have fire but on the top of the mountain so they have to cook up there.
A littlun says he sees something moving in the jungle at night. Who/what was it?
He saw Simon wandering about in the trees coming out from the secret jungle glade.
How does Jack explain the beast?
some sort of animal/fear—it’s not a dark thing or a beast
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Why are rules important to Ralph?
Rules are important to Ralph because he knows that the are the only thing that sticking to an agreed set of rules is the only thing that will allow the group to maintain order. This is evident when the boys are meeting and Jack ignored the rules saying, “Who cares?”. Ralph replied simply saying, “Because rules are the only thing we’ve got.”
What does Simon mean when he says, ” What I mean is…. maybe it’s only us… We could be sort of..”? What do you think mankind’s essential illness is? Why does he ask ,” What is the dirtiest thing there is?”
Simon means that maybe the beast is not a scary unknown creature, but the boys themselves because evil humanity does exist. He asks what the dirtiest thing there is because he is unable to convey (inarticulate) what mankind’s essential illness is.
Why doesn’t Ralph blow the conch when the meeting dissolves into chaos?
He knows that no one would listen; his authority was taken away. He said, ” If I blow the conch and they don’t come back, then we’ve had it. We shan’t keep the fire going. We’ll be like animals. We’ll never be rescued.”
At the end of the chapter what does Ralph look for?
He wishes for a message from grown ups…he wished adults could send them “a sign… or something.”
chapter 6
Ironically, what Ralph wished for came true. What happens? Why is the answer to his wish depressingly ironic?
Ralph wished for an adult to come and save them, and a fighter jet gets shot down so a dead pilot falls out of the sky and crashes into the forest. This is depressingly ironic because what he wished for came true, but the whole purpose was for the adult to bring them back to civilization which a dead person cannot do.
What do Sam and Eric claim they have seen on the mountain top? How do they describe it?
They claim they have seen the beast on the mountaintop. Some of the phrases they include when rehashing what they believed to have seen. ” It was furry. There was something moving behind it’s head-wings… There were eyes..teeth…claws.”(100). They also described it’s behavior as sly and able to sit up.
What does Jack say about the conch?
Jack says that the group no longer needs the conch because they know how to act when other people are talking and that silence is really the best anyways.
How has the significance of the conch changed?
It has lost power and influence as a tool for keeping order. In the beginning Jack made a greater attempt to follow the rules of the conch but now he doesn’t even care. He ignores that people are even talking.
When Simon thought of the beast, what picture came to mind?
He pictured, “a human at once heroic and sick.”
As the boys are searching the island, who leads the group when they get to the ledge?
Ralph leads the boys once they get to the ledge, over the rocks and sort of a half cave.
What strange thing does Ralph notice as the boys are playing around the rolling rocks?
The word ‘smoke’ was obscurring his idea as he saw the rock’s base crack and roll into the sea and then a huge plume of spray was produced.
chpt 7
What has Ralph come to accept as normal?
Ralph has gotten used to the state of his personal hygiene; he is dirty all the time. His hair has gotten long and filthy, hasn’t been able to bathe with soap, brush his teeth, and the other children’s faces made them appear to have face planted in mud or been brought down on a rainy day.
Why are Ralph’s fingernails bitten? What is Ralph insinuating when he says, “be sucking my thumb next?”
He restarted his habit of chewing them but couldn’t remember when he did so. His comment is a way for him to insinuate he will revert back to his old habits from earlier in his life.
How do the 2 different sides of the island affect his hopes for rescue?
When Ralph ventures over to the other side of the island, the vastness of the ocean makes him feel isolated and lose hope of being rescued. Also, one side of the island has an unlikely chance of boaters passing by because of the rough sea conditions. This makes the chance of being rescued cut downby 50%.
What predicition does Simon make?
“You’ll get back to where you came from.” (home)
Notice the complete reversal of mood on page 102. What happens to Ralph as he partipates in his first hunt?
While Ralph is participating in his first hunt, his personality changes from his normal nonviolent self to being overly excited about stabbing the pig. His excitement is evident in the fact that he keeps repeating over and over again that he stabbed the pig.
Describe what you would show if you were filming the scene where the boys reenact the hunt.
I would show the loss of control as the frenzy of the chant increased. I wouldshow how Robert who was a willing praticipant int he ‘play’ at first, became more and more fearful while he was being tossed around and threatened in the circle because of the intensity. I would create a scene where the viewer thinks Robert might actually die.
How do you think Robert feels during this ritual?
Roger’s fear increases as the frenzy increases. He is actually jabbed by a spear and it hurt. He is crying when it is over.
Why does Simon go off alone?
Ralph did not think it was a good idea to leave Piggy alone with the littluns and he needed someone to relay the message that they would be back after dark.
What do Ralph, Roger, and Jack find on the top of the hill? Do they realize what it is? Do you think the story would be better if the reader didn’t know what it was?
They find the parachutist at the top of the hill. They do not realize this because the shadow distorts the image, so they think it is really a beast.
Not knowing might increase suspense and fear for the kids on the reader’s part, but there also wouldn’t be the irony of Ralph’s wish for a sign from adults coming true (in a sense).
chapter 8
Explain the exchange of power at the beginning of chapter 8.
Jack and Ralph get into an argument. Ralph insults Jack and his hunters while Jack says that Ralph is not a good leader. As a result, Jack asks the boys if they should replace Ralph and no one responds. With hurt feelings Jack storms into the forest and says he is no longer going to ‘play this game’ (like kids say on a playground when they get mad at how things are going, and stomp off). Jack’s group looks as if it will be more fun and less restrictive, so though they know that having Ralph as leader is better for all of them, they, personally, do not want to have to be responsible and submit to the work that needs to be done. Therefore they won’t remove Ralph from power, but neither will they stay and follow him. In essence, they want the things Ralph offers, but they want someone else to do the work that it requires
What does Simon suggest?
Simon suggests that the boys in Ralph’s group climb the mountain and deal with the beast. No one else thinks that’s a good idea.
How does Piggy change?
Piggy becomes more confident and excited. This is evident in the quote, “Piggy was so full of delight and expanding liberty in Jack’s departure, so full of pride in his contribution to the good of society, that he helped fetch the wood.” (120)
Why do the boys plan on raiding Ralph’s camp?
They need fire. While they are getting fire, they also wanted to recruit more people to join Jack’s lot and take control of the conch which means they wanted authority.
What happens when Simon goes back into the woods?
He’s in his hiding place and he witnesses Jack’s hunters kill a pig and then cut off its head as a gift to the beast. Once they leave, he hallucinates that the head has come to life and is talking to him.
What do you think he actually sees and talks to?
He is seeing the pig’s head but is hallucinating because he is dehydrated. He may be talking to himself because the pig head says things like, “”You knew didn’t you? I’m part of you?” and, “Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt and kill.”
chapter 9
Describe how Jack and the hunters change. List several qualities.
One thing that has changed about Jack and his hunters is the way they respond to him. In the beginning, they obeyed his orders and Ralph’s orders, but as power shifted into Jack’s hands the hunters treat him like a god. This is demonstrated by the situation in which Simon was killed. All Jack had to do was say, “Do the dance!” and the other hunters followed his orders with blind faith; without question. Another way they have changed is they aren’t thinking logically. For instance, under the direction of Ralph they were forced to focus on other important things than hunting. But under Jack as a ruler, they only focus on the things that give them a great thrill. In this way, they have reversed behaviorally.
List in order what happens to Simon. Try to picture it in your mind.
Simon makes it up the mountain and sees the dead parachutist and tries to make his way back to the rest of the people at Jack’s party to deliver the news that there is no beast. He is dehydrated and hallucinating
The boys are already doing the dance with Roger as the pig again. They are already worked up and in a frenzy. Roger joined the hunters. Lightening flashed and the littluns broke the ring of the big boys screaming about the ‘beast’ crawling from the jungle. ‘It’ crawled into their circle. Simon was trying to tell them about the parachutist, but they were attacking him. The boys initially mistake Simon for the beast and beat him to death. However, we know later that at some point, they knew it was him that they killed.
chapter 10
Why do you think Ralph, Piggy, Sam and Eric deny being at the dance?
They do not want to admit that they were a part of the dance because that would mean that they are murderers.
Why does Jack deny that the beast is dead?
He knows they killed Simon and Simon wasn’t the beast.
Why does Jack think that dressing the way that they were dressed would help them when dealing with Jack?
He wants to confront them in a civilized way and remind them that they are not savages and “being rescued really isn’t a game.
How does the contrast of paint and smoke symbolize the two forces?
The paint was used to symbolize liberation into savagery while the fire was a proactive tool for rescue. One device was used for good and another was a catalyst for evil.
How does Golding begin to portray Jack’s group as heathen?
He no longer uses their names, just describes them as savages. Ralph even sees them as savages, saying when he saw Bill that it wasn’t really him, but, “This was a savage whose image refused to blend with that ancient picture of a boy in shorts and a shirt.”
Why were the boys so scared of the war paint?
It was a symbol of savagery and behind it, many cruel acts could be freely committed.