Lit Study Guides

Achilles, Aegisthus, Ajax Mastigophorus, Hermiona, Andromeda, Danae, Tereus
Livius Andronicus
Ariolus, Leon

Hector Proficiscens, Iphigenia,
Equos Troianus, Danae (fabula cothurnata)

Naevius
Colax, Guminasticus, Corollaria, Dolus (togata)
Naevius
Immortales mortals si foret fas flere/flerent divae Camenae Naevium poetam./Itaque postquamst Orchi traditus thesauro, obliti sunt Romae loquier lingua latina.
Epitaph of Naevius
______ premiered at the Plebeian games in 200 BC and was unique in that it had no plot.
Stichus
Sosia
Amphitryon
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Euclio, Phaedria
Aulularia
double plot
Bacchides
Philepolemus
Captivi
Based on Diphilus’s Lot Drawers (Kleuroumenoi)
Casina
An old man and his son both want to marry a foundling in their house
Casina
Alcesimarchus wants to marry Selenium. has to marry a daughter of Demipho; is proven to be a daughter of Demipho.

(I know this makes no sense, but this is what the study guide said)

Cistellaria
Based on Menander’s Synaristosae.
Cistellaria
Terapontigonus
Curculio
Plautus’s shortest play.
Curculio
A slave helps his young master, who falls in love with two girls in a row. One turns out to be the young master’s sister.
Epidicus
Based on Philemon’s Merchant.
Mercator
Palaestrio
Miles Gloriosus
Based on Philemon’s Phasma.
Miles Gloriosus
the slave Tranio tricks his young master’s faster, Theopropides
Mostellaria
the slave Arcturus foretells the shipwreck in North Africa of a wicked pimp Labrax, who is holding a girl of free parentage illegically. A chest with a cable, fished out of the sea, is involved in the final development.
Rudens
Based on Menander’s Adelphoi.
Stichus
No females. Lesbonicus cannot provide a dowry; Lysiteles agrees with his father Philto about morality and then marries the girl w/o a dowry.
Trinummus
Based on Philemon’s Treasure.
Trinummus
A cunning slave Phronesium cheats three of her lovers.
Truculentus
the pimp Ballio
Pseudolus
What actor played Ballio during Cicero’s age?
Roscius
On whose play did Caecilius Statius base his Plocium?
Menander (Plokion)
Whom did Cicero call “malus auctor Latinitatis”?
Caecilius Statius
“Saepe est etiam sub palliolo sordido sapientia”, “Serit arbores quae saeclo prosint alteri”
Caecilius Statius
Born at Mediolanum
Caecilius Statius
Ambivius Turpio, who, in Terence’s prologue to Hecyra, says that ______’s plays were damned when they were new to the stage.
Caecilius Statius
According to Cicero in the Brutus, the first Roman whose eloquence is truly attested to is
________.
(Marcus Cornelius) Cethegus
Polybius criticizes _____’s entirely pro-Roman stance on the Punic Wars.
Fabius Pictor
Polybius criticizes Fabius Pictor’s entirely pro-Roman stance on the Punic Wars.
Alimentus
An annalist, he was the interpreter for the embassy of three Greek philosophers (the academic Carneades, the stoic Diogenes, and the peripatetic Critolaus) who came to Rome in 155 BC.
(C.) Acilius
Which of the embassy of the three Greek philosophers insinuated that Rome’s dominion was violent and coercive, not just?
Carneades
______ wrote the forty-book Histories, in which he explains to the Greeks how the Romans came to dominate the Mediterranean world in fifty years, starting ca. 220. He practiced what he called “pragmatic history.”
Polybius
Who brought Perseus’s library back to Rome?
(Aemilius) Paullus
Suetonius termed _____ a semi-graecus.
Ennius (lived on Aventine)
Whose tombstone said “”Nemo me lacrimis decoret nec funera fletu/faxit. Cur? Volito vivus per ora virum.”
Ennius
“Numquam poetor nisi si podager”
Ennius
The 15th book of the Annales recounted _____’s victory over the Aetolians.
Fulvius Nobilior
Who, in deference to Naevius, did not cover the 1st Punic War?
Ennius
What didactic work on gastronomy, probably the first attested Latin poem in hexameters since evidence suggests it predates the Annales, was based on a Greek poem by Archestratus of Gela.
Hedyphaegetica
What was the last work of Ennius, published in the year of his death, 169 BC?
Thyestes
Who was a military tribune in Sicily in 214 BC?
Cato the Elder
Who opposed the war in Rhodes in his Oratio pro Rhodensibus?
Cato the Elder
Who had Carneades, Diogenes, and Critolaus expelled from Rome?
Cato the Elder
Who covered Roman history from the founding of the city the praetorship of Servius Sulpicius Galba and hisplundering of the Lusitanians in 152 BC?
Cato the Elder
Simo, Pamphilus, Philumena
Andria
Clinia, Antipho
Heautontimorumenos
“Nullumst iam dictum quod non sit dictum prius”, Menander’s Kolax
Eunuchus
Antipho, Chremes, Phanium

Based on Apollodorus of Carystus’s Litigant

Phormio
born in Pisaurum to freedmen
Accius
Who wrote the Brutus and the Decius?
Accius
What play of Accius was the first play performed in Pompey’s stone theater?
Clutemestra
Which play of Accius contains the line “oderint dum metuant”?
Atreus
concilium deorum of Lucilius attacks _____
Lentulus Lupus
Who was the mistress of Lucilius?
Collyra
About whom did Quintilian write “”Eruditio in eo mira et libertas atque inde acerbitas et abundantia salis”?
Lucilius
Who wrote a monograph on the 2nd Punic War?
Coelius Antipater
Annalist who began his account from the sack of the city by the Gauls, continuing down to his own day.
Quadrigarius
author of the Fabulae Milesiae, he was a “tragic” historiographer who emphasized dramatic elements. Cicero valued him but mocked
his language, calling him a emendator sermonis usitati (“improver of everyday speech”).
Sisenna
Vettius Philocomus prepared an edition of Lucilius.
____ wrote a Prompeticon (poem of farewell) to Asinius Pollio, he was lynched by mistake after Caesar’s funeral
Cinna
Leucadia, Chorographia, Ephemeris, Argonautae
Varro of Atax
was from Cremona and a close friend of Valerius Cato. He wrote epigrams against Augustus and affectionately ironic epigrams on Valerius Cato.
He wrote a historical epic Pragmatica Belli Gallici and an Ethiopid, as well as a Lucubrationes in prose.
Furius Bibaculus
prosecuted Vatinius
Calvus
Criticizes Arrius’ adding of H to words, criticizes Rufus’ body odor
Catullus
a wedding song composed for the wedding of Catullus’ friends

Lucius Manlius Torquatus and Vinia Aurunculeia. A hymn to Hymenaeus,

god of weddings, and an invitation to the bride to leave her father’s house

and participate in the deductio.

Catullus 61
Catullus’ translation of Callimachus/Battiades’ Lock of Berenice
Catullus 66
Includes the story of Protesilaus and Laodamia.
Catullus 68
felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere
causas
Vergil about Lucretius
wrote five books of commentaries on Cicero for his young sons
Asconius Pedius
Cicero went up against the powerful freedman of Sulla named Chrysogonus, defending Roscius from a charge Cicero targeted Sulla himself as little as possible
Pro Roscio Amerino
Involves the slave Panurgus, half of whose ownership was given to Roscius the actor after Panurgus was slain
Pro Roscio Commoedo
Cicero prosecutes a veteran of Sulla who had destroyed the country house of his plaintiff
Pro Tullio (72 BC)
Cicero defends his right to appear as Verres’ prosecutor. Cicero says that Hortensius has met his match, and chides Hortensius for accepting such an unworthy client.
Divinatio in Quintum Caecilium
former governor of Gaul, against a charge of maladministration in Gaul.
Pro Fonteio (69 BC)
Cicero examines whether —– has used illegal force to take some land of which his late wife had been a life tenant.
Pro Caecina (69 BC)
Cicero supports giving Pompey the command against Mithridates.

The publicani (tax collectors), influential among Cicero’s own

equestrian order, were notably disturbed by Mithridates’ meddling

with trade.

Pro Lege Manilia
1. Cicero defended Lucius Licinius Murena, a consul designate

accused of electoral corruption by the defeated candidate Servius

Sulpicius Rufus and by Cato the Younger. Cicero mocked Cato’s

stoic rigor and jested that Murena’s military success was a better

claim to the consulship than Servius Sulpicius Rufus’ intellectual

formation. Hortensius and Crassus assisted Cicero in defending

Murena against Sulpicius Rufus and Cato the Younger.

Pro Murena
First Speech delivered in the Senate on November 8th.

b. Second Speech delivered to the people on November 9th.

c. Third Speech delivered to the people on December 3rd,

reports the arrest of the conspirators and the evidence

provided by the tribe of the Allobroges.

d. Fourth Speech delivered on December 5th to the Senate,

and argues that the conspirators should receive the death

penalty.

Cicero defends Sulla against a charge of complicity in the Catilinarian conspiracy.

(62 BC)

Pro Sulla
1. Cicero defends — against a charge of extortion as proconsul in Asia. Cicero acknowledges the help he received from — in supressing the Catilinarian conspiracy, and spends most of the
speech impugning the character of the witnesses, Asiatic Greeks and Jews.
Pro Flacco
xvii. 57 BC—Cum Senatui Gratias Egit/Post Reditum in Senatu
Cicero argues he deserves compsenation for his house (on the Pal.),which has been illegally “consecrated” by Clodius.

(57 BC)

De Domo Sua

(56 BC = De Haruspicium Responso)

Cicero defended —, a tribune accused by Clodius of acts of violence under the lex de vi. Cicero replaced his idea of the concordia ordinum with the consensus omnium bonorum (an agreement of well-to-do landholding persons loyal to the political order).
Pro Sestio (56 BC)
Cicero prosecutes —-, a witness who had given testimony against Sestius.
In Vatinium (56 BC)
Cicero spoke in favor of renewing Caesar’s Gallic command. Cicero also attacks Piso and Gabinius, the consuls of 58 who helped exile him, proposing their recall from Macedonia and Syria.
De Provinciis Consularibus (56 BC)
Cicero defends the citizenship of —, a rich Spaniard and friend of the triumvirs.
Pro Balbo (56 BC)
Cicero replies to — complaints about the De Provinciis Consularibus. Involves remarks on the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus.
In Pisonem (55 BC)
Cicero defends an aedile who had befriended him in exile against the charge of procuring his election by bribery.
Pro Plancio (54 BC)
Cicero defends Rabirius Postumus, a friend of Caesar, against the charge of extorting money from Ptolemy Auletes.
Pro Gaio Rabirio Postumo (54 BC)
Milo lost and went into exile at ____.
Massilia
Cicero argues for the pardon of a former Pompeian, (46 BC)
Pro Marcello
Cicero argues for the pardon of an assassin of Caesar (46 BC)
Pro Ligario
Cicero defends the Galatian king — on a charge of attempting to murder Caesar, brought by —-‘s grandson. (46 BC)
Pro Rege Deiotauro
Which Philippic proposes a public statue in honor of Ser. Sulpicius Rufus?
9th
(ca. 54 BC): 2 books. Defines the parts of speech and defends eloquence.
De Inventione
Cicero’s largest treatise, 3 books. Addressed to
brother Quintus, the work is a dialogue on the difficulty and usefulness of the orator’s art. Involves the orators Lucius Licinius Crassus and Marcus Antonius (grandfather of the triumvir), the greatest orators of their day.
De Oratore
(ca. 54 BC): written for the instruction of Cicero’s son.Written in dialogue form between Marcus Junior and Marcus Senior.
Partitiones Oratoriae
(52 BC) a refutation of Atticism.
De Optimo Genere Oratorum
(46 BC) Cicero narrates a critical history of Roman oratory down to himself (he has an autobiographical account). The orator Hortensius is mentioned as having died in the beginning, and Hortensius is the last orator discussed. Brutus and Atticus are present, as is Cicero, in the dialogue.
Brutus
Orator or De Optimo Genere Dicendi(46 BC)
(44 BC) Cicero, at the request of Trebatius, expounds on a copy of Aristotle’s Topica found at Cicero’s Tusculan villa. Along with De Inventione and Partitiones Oratoriae, the work is a technical treatise.
Topica
(54-51 BC) Probably uses Panaetius and Plato’s Republic 6th book Contains the famous Somnium Scipionis (“Dream of Scipio”), commented on later by Macrobius.
Refutes Carneades’ defense of injustice as being more expedient for individuals/states than justice.
De Re Publica
(52 BC) Conceived of as a sequel to De Republica.
All laws from God. Treats Cicero’s ideal set of laws.
De legibus
Paradoxica Stoicorum (46 BC)
(45 BC) Cicero’s treatise on epistemology.
Academica
Cicero examines the chief good which is the final end of life, through the lenses of Epicurean, Stoic, and Old Academic philosophers. 5 books.
De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum
(45 BC) Examines the essentials of happiness, and the distractions which take away from happiness. 5 books. Quotes Socrates’ speech from Plato’s Apology.
Tusculanae Disputationes
Sets forth the views of Epicureans, Stoics, and Academics on the nature and existence of the gods. Takes place in house of Cotta, Cicero praises philosophy as an anodyne (cool drug that stops you from crying/being sad in general, qv. The Odyssey)
De Natura Deorum
(44 BC): Cicero’s treatment of divination, the mantic art.
De Divinatione
(44 BC): dedicated to Hirtius, the principal speaker.
De Fato
Involves Cato the Elder, Scipio Africanus Minor, and Laelius. Opens with an address to Atticus and examines old age, refuting the pains charged against it. Most widely read of Cicero’s essays.
De Senectute
Companion piece to the De Senectute. Laelius says patriotism must supersede friendship. Addressed to Atticus.

(44 BC)

De Amicitia
Cicero’s treatment of moral duties, addressed to his son, then a student at the university of Athens. Last work besides the Philippics. Based on Panaetius and Posidonius

(44 BC)

De Officiis
Ad Familiares (16 Books)

1. Includes the letter written to Cicero by the jurist Sulpicius on

ii. Ad Atticum (16 Books)

iii. Ad Quintum Fratrem (27 letters)

1. Commentariolum petitionis: Quintus asks his brother Cicero about

Cicero’s daughter Tullia’s death.

campaigning for the consulship.
Ad Marcum Brutum (2 books of an original 9, disputed authenticity).

Aratea—translation of Aratus’ astronomical poem Phaenomena, Marius, De Consulatu Suo, Juvenilia, Limon(“Meadow”), Uxorius, Nilus, Thalia Maesta (an elegy), Glaucus, Alcyone
Cicero
Consolatio: written after the death of his daughter Tullia,

Hortensius: written after Munda, an exhortation to the study of philosophy.

Cited by St. Augustine later as the work that effected the change in his own

life

Laus Catonis

De Gloria

De Virtutibus

De Auguriis

De Consiliis Suis

Chorographia (geography)
Admiranda (curiosities)

Translations
i. Plato’s Timaeus
ii. Plato’s Protagoras
iii. Xenophon’s Oeconomicus

Cicero
(47 BC): Atticus’s (owneed house on Quirinal) summary of history down to the year 49 BC
Liber Annalis
Along with Cicero, —- was a student of the first philologer, Aelius Stilo. Studied philosophy at Athens under Antiochus of Ascalon.
Varro