Life-Span Exam: 3 Multiple choice study objectives

Schema
a cognitive structure or organized pattern of action or thought use to deal with experiences.
Organization
In Piaget’s cognitive developmental theory, a person’s inborn tendency to combine and integrate available schemes into more coherent and complex systems or bodies of knowledge; as a memory strategy, a technique that involves grouping or classifying stimuli into meaningful clusters.
Zone of Proximal Development
Vygotsky’s term for the difference between what a learner can accomplish independently and what a learner can accomplish wit the guidance and encouragement of a more skilled partner.
Cued-Recall Memory
Recollecting objects, events, or experiences in response to a hint or cue. Contrast with pure recall memory and recognition memory.
Fluid Intelligence
Aspects of intelligence that involves actively thinking and reasoning to solve novel problems. contrast with crystallized intelligence.
Crystallized Intelligence
Those aspects of intellectual functioning that involve using knowledge acquired through experience. Contrast with fluid intelligence.
having imaginary companions in childhood is associated with advanced social development
true
Assimilation is the process of modifying existing schemas to better fit new experience
false
The tendency to think that your thoughts and feelings are unique underlies the personal fable
true
Vygotsky saw private speech n toddlers as a sing of cognitive immaturity
false
short-term memory can hold an unlimited amount of information
false
Working memory is an active form of short-term memory
true
Early memories tend to be very cue-dependent and context-specific
true
A child’s increased knowledge about the world can lead to improvements in memory
true
Eye witness testimony accuracy in children is increased when the same question is asked repeatedly
false
Elaboration involves creation of meaningful links between items you are attempting to remember
true
Gifted children tend to be significantly less well-adjusted than children of average intelligence
false
A stimulation home environment is one of the best predictors of a child having a high IQ
true
Very few older adults develop wisdom
True
In the field of psychology, as in many fields, creative production tends to peak in the mid 50s
false
IQ scores in high school are very good predictors of college grades
False
Children whose IQ scores fluctuate tend to come from unstable home environments
true
Babies “coo” before they “bobble”
True
THe most effective preschool programs emphasize academic skill-building and de-emphasize play
false
Management of student disciplined appears to have little impact on school effectiveness
false
The earlier one is exposed to a language (including sing language). the faster and more effectively it tends to be learned
true