Intro to Drugs and Behavior, Chapter 11

The legend of the discovery of coffee relates to
Kaldi and his dancing goats
The early history of coffee included a 1674 pamphlet from England titled
The Women’s Petition Against Coffee.
In the 18th century, English coffeehouses were referred to as
penny universities
In 1970, Americans drank more coffee than any other nonalcoholic beverage product. By 2009,
Americans drank approximately twice as many gallons of soft drinks as compared to coffee
The largest exporters of coffee to the U.S. are
Colombia, Brazil, Guatemala, and Mexico.
Green, black, and oolong tea are all prepared from leaves of
Camellia sinensis
The world’s greatest per-capita consumers of tea are found in
Turkey
is prescribed to asthma sufferers because it relaxes bronchial passages
theophylline
Theobroma, the genus name for the cacao tree, is Latin for
food of the gods
Most regular brewed teas have about how much caffeine per cup?
40-60 mg (about half the amount in coffee
The unique xanthine in chocolate is
theobromine
In 1909, the FDA seized some Coca-Cola syrup and filed charges against the company partly because
the syrup contained caffeine
According to current FDA rules on “cola” drinks,
they cannot contain more than 6 mg caffeine per ounce.
The main active ingredient in Red Bull and other energy drinks is
caffeine.
The maximum CNS effect of caffeine is reached about _____ after drinking coffee
2 hours
The most consistent withdrawal symptom after chronic caffeine use is
headache
Caffeine works in the brain by
blocking adenosine receptors
One important determinant of the behavioral effects of caffeine is
whether the person is a regular user.
Caffeine has been shown to be an effective treatment for
migraine headaches
Often people who drink too much alcohol attempt to “sober up” by drinking coffee. Several studies support the idea that caffeine
is likely to lead to increased arousal, but the drinker is still impaired.
Drinking 5 or more cups of coffee per day
doubles the risk of a heart attack.
All of the xanthines have similar effects. But which one has the greatest overall effect?
caffeine
Caffeine is thought to relieve headaches because it is
a vasoconstrictor.