Inquiry Vocabulary 1_4_17

analysis
this is a process of interpreting
analyze
this is to observe carefully and in detail so as to identify causes key factors, or possible results
bias
this is an unwanted influence on a sample
conclusion
this is an answer deduced from the analysis of data
control variable
this is a condition which remains constant, or unchanged, in an experiment
data collection
this is the act of writing down the required information you get from a laboratory experiment
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data set
this is a compilation of information usually quantitative, that represents measures f a variable or set of varibles
data table
this is the correct method of recording numerical information from an experiments
database
this is an organized collection of data that has one or many uses
dependent variable
this is the observed variable in an experiment or study whose changes are determined by the presence or degree of one or more independent variables. when graphed, this variable is usually on the vertical axis
design
this is the process of giving form to an idea. form for an idea could be a plan of action or a description of a physical thing
evidence
this is data from an experiment, which is used to verify or reject the original hypothesis in the conclusion
experiment
scientific procedure followed to obtain results for analysis. this is also means to test a hypothesis
experimental variable
this is the condition which is changed within experiment
graduated cylinder
this is a container used for measurement of the volume of a liquid
graph
this is the image obtained by plotting all the points of an equation or in equality. a visual representation of scientific data
hypothesis
this is a prediction of the outcome of scientific processes based on analysis
independent variable
this is the manipulated variable in an experiment or study whose presence or degree determines the change in the dependent variable. when graphed this is graphed usually on the horizontal axis
inference
this is the process of making a prediction based on the results of prior observation of similar events
inquiry
this is the act of trying to find the answer to an unknown question by the use of experimentation and research
investigation
this is the method of researching or studying a topic. examination, inquiry…
logic
this is the science of correct reasoning. the basic components are statements that can be true or false, but never both
manipulated variable
this is the one factor that is changed or tested by the person doing the investigation
measurement
this is the collection of quantitative data made by comparing a quantity with a standard unit. in science, the unit mass
metric system
this is the decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter as a unit length and the kilogram as a unit mass
microscope
equipment used to magnify and observe small objects
objectivity
this describes how science should be practiced and how scientific truths are created. it is the idea that scientist, in attempting to uncover facts about the natural world, must try to eliminate personal bias and emotional involvement.
observation
this is a process of watching an experiment and noting what occurs
opinion
a subjective thought a student/scientist may form about a topic, as opposed to a fact
peer review
this is the evaluation of scientific research, creative work, or performance by other people in the same field in order to maintain or enhance the quality of the work or performance in the field
PH scale
a graphical representation of the strength of an acid or base
pictograph
this uses pictures or symbols to represent an assigned amount of data
prediction
this is a statement that a particular event will occur, based on reasonable observations of prior events
problem
this is a question proposed for solution or discussion. in math, this is a statement requiring a soultion by means of a mathematical operation or geometric construction.
problem solving
this is the process of finding a solution to a problem
procedures
this is the process of steps taken in completing a task, such as a lab investigation
Qualitative data
This is the information from an experiment, such as observations or behaviors, that cannot be recorded with numerical value
quantitative data
this is information from an experiment that can be assigned a number or quantity and can often be used to construct a graph
rain gauge
this is a tool used to measure the amount of precipitaion in inches or centimeters
research
this is what people do when they are searching for information. People often look in more than one location
responding variable
this is the result of or response to changing the manipulated variable
results
this is the outcome
scientific method
a process used to gather evidence and lead to understanding
senses
tisis what organisms use to gather information from the world around them
spring scale
equipment used to measure force
subjective
this is a personal view or opinion
thermometer
equipment used to measure the temperature of an object
validity
this is the degree at which a test measures what it is intended to measure
variable
this is the factor which is tested in an experiment
water displacement
this is the most commonly used method when trying to measure the volume of an irregularly shaped object