He wrote a book called “Wealth of Nations” and believed the government should not interfere with businesses.
The idea that society’s goal is bringing the greatest happiness to the greatest number of people.
The process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers.
The Scottish engineer who helped to improve the steam engine.
The capitalists that Karl Marx said were greedy and took advantage of the workers.
Invented a technique that allowed products like milk to last longer.
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Invented by Jethro Tull, it planted seeds in rows, rather than scattering them wastefully over the land.
The movement of people to cities.
Workers’ organizations that sought to start worker reforms such as higher wages.
A machine invented by James Hargreaves that dramatically increased the amount of thread that could be spun.
Meaning “hands-off,” this was the idea that the government should not interfere with the economy and factory owners’ policies.
A government system in which the people as a whole rather than private individuals would own and operate the means of production.
Housing for factory workers in which families were often crowded together in small rooms.
Another name for the working class who Karl Marx believed would rise up against factory workers.
This person set up a model community to put the Utopian ideas into practice in which all work was shared and all property was owned by everybody.
The revolution in which farming techniques improved. It helped, in part, to make the Industrial Revolution possible.
The country that was the first to industrialize; this is where the industrial revolution began.
The acceleration of technical and economic development that began in Britain around 1750.
A new social class that emerged during the Industrial Revolution.
Wrote a book called “The Communist Manifesto” and argued that society is in a constant struggle between the worker (proletariat) and the factory owner (bourgoise).