Identify Your Topic and Purpose

*Which of the following would probably be the most effective choice for a speech topic?
a.
the art of filmmaking
b.
the contributions of Janusz Kaminski to modern cinema
c.
directing & producing films
d.
cinematography & lighting design in film
b.
the contributions of Janusz Kaminski to modern cinema
“How-to” speeches and reports on research findings are two examples of ______________ speeches.
a.
effective
b.
informative
c.
persuasive
d.
assertive
b.
informative
The candidate gained many votes due to her powerful and _____________ speech.
a.
informative
b.
effective
c.
assertive
d.
persuasive
d.
persuasive
Which of the following would be the most appropriate informative speech topic for a group of high school seniors?
how to prepare for college or job interviews
the mechanics of jet engines
deciding on a place to live after retirement
buying homeowners insurance
how to prepare for college or job interviews
*All of the following describe the purpose of informative speeches except:
a.
to impact what the audience believes or does
b.
to give the audience important and appropriate information
c.
to teach the audience how to do something
d.
to report results of a research project to the audience
a.
to impact what the audience believes or does
Which of the following would be the most appropriate speech topic for an audience of senior citizens?
a.
the impact of Shakespearean sonnets on today’s rap music
b.
how to avoid the Freshman 15 in college
c.
the latest products for babies
d.
how to stay active with arthritis
d.
how to stay active with arthritis
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A group of people get together and start with a list of questions about a particular topic. Each individual spends a minute or two free writing about one of the questions, then a discussion begins during which all ideas are mapped out on a white board. This is an example of:
a.
surveying
b.
researching
c.
brainstorming
d.
exploring current events
c.
brainstorming
It is best to limit your topic for all of the following reasons except:
a.
it allows you go into more specific detail
b.
you can go more in-depth into your topic
c.
it allows you to give a more superficial overview
d.
it is easier to research
c.
it allows you to give a more superficial overview
*For your speech to be effective, you must carefully consider what your specific _____________ is.
a.
purpose
b.
audience
c.
thesis
d.
research
b.
audience
All of the following students are attempting to limit their speech topics except:
a.
Justin writes the word “Psychology” at the top of a piece of paper. He then draws two lines down and writes “Marriage & Family Counseling” on one, and “Addiction, Abuse, & Trauma Counseling”on the other.
b.
Geoff writes the word “Rodeos” on a white board and he and three of his friends begin to ask each other different questions about all the different aspects of this sport.
c.
Daria visits her university library’s website and types in the words “Fly Fishing” to the search directory.
d.
Jasmine opens up one of her parents’ encyclopedias and starts skimming each entry starting with the letter “A” while taking careful notes of everything that catches her interest.
d.
Jasmine opens up one of her parents’ encyclopedias and starts skimming each entry starting with the letter “A” while taking careful notes of everything that catches her interest.
Which of the following topics would be most appropriate for a group of elementary school children?
a.
the history of the New York stock exchange
b.
how to prepare for a job interview
c.
how to protect yourself against Internet predators
d.
the pros and cons of stem-cell research
c.
how to protect yourself against Internet predators
All of the following illustrate effective methods of choosing a speech topic except:
a.
Sara chooses the broad topic of “WWII” and begins to write continuously for 1 minute everything the pops into her head.
b.
Albert chats with his friends online for several hours and then draws pictures and writes about his feelings in a notebook.
c.
Darek watches the news every evening for a week and jots down major events occurring all over the world.
d.
Shannon goes to wikipedia.org, types in the word “dog”, and begins to read a little bit about several different breeds.
b.
Albert chats with his friends online for several hours and then draws pictures and writes about his feelings in a notebook.
Which of the following would be the most appropriate topic for a group of high school students?
a.
how to resist peer pressure and avoid harmful drugs
b.
preparing for retirement
c.
the pros and cons of cosmetic surgery
d.
the first Disney animated film
a.
how to resist peer pressure and avoid harmful drugs
*All of the following describe the purpose of persuasive speeches except:
a.
to impact what the audience believes or does
b.
to influence the audience’s values
c.
to convince the audience to make a change in policy or their personal actions
d.
to teach the audience how to do something
d.
to teach the audience how to do something
*All of the following are strategies to help you limit your topic except:
a.
reporting research results
b.
asking questions (who, what, when, where, why, how…)
c.
tree diagrams
d.
library and other search directories
a.
reporting research results
Which of the following is not necessarily something you must consider when choosing a topic for a speech?
a.
the needs and interests of your audience
b.
your own interests
c.
the speaking occasion
d.
One must consider all of the above when choosing a topic.
d.
One must consider all of the above when choosing a topic.
*Which of the following would probably be the most effective choice for a speech topic?
a.
molecular biology
b.
the history of democracy
c.
zoology in the Australian outback
d.
the migration habits of Tasmanian wombats
d.
the migration habits of Tasmanian wombats
*Which of the following is an example of an effective persuasive speech topic for a group of elementary school children?
a.
the origins of Santa Claus in different cultures around the world
b.
abstinence: the best protection
c.
don’t be a couch potato, read at least 20 minutes a day
d.
staying in school is cool
d.
staying in school is cool
*All of the following describe the purpose of persuasive speeches except:
a.
to impact what the audience believes or does
b.
to influence the audience’s values
c.
to convince the audience to make a change in policy or their personal actions
d.
to teach the audience how to do something
d.
to teach the audience how to do something
*Which of the following is an example of an effective persuasive speech topic for a group of elementary school children?
a.
the origins of Santa Claus in different cultures around the world
b.
abstinence: the best protection
c.
don’t be a couch potato, read at least 20 minutes a day
d.
staying in school is cool
c.
don’t be a couch potato, read at least 20 minutes a day
All of the following are strategies to help you limit your topic except:
a.
reporting research results
b.
asking questions (who, what, when, where, why, how…)
c.
tree diagrams
d.
library and other search directories
a.
reporting research results
All of the following illustrate effective methods of choosing a speech topic except:
a.
Sara chooses the broad topic of “WWII” and begins to write continuously for 1 minute everything the pops into her head.
b.
Albert chats with his friends online for several hours and then draws pictures and writes about his feelings in a notebook.
c.
Darek watches the news every evening for a week and jots down major events occurring all over the world.
d.
Shannon goes to wikipedia.org, types in the word “dog”, and begins to read a little bit about several different breeds.
b.
Albert chats with his friends online for several hours and then draws pictures and writes about his feelings in a notebook.
Which of the following does not illustrate the survey method of choosing a speech topic?
a.
Steven watches the news carefully jotting down ideas from the top headlines of the day.
b.
Allison asks the students in each of her classes which of her top two speech topics they would prefer to hear.
c.
Farrah visits www.gallup.com to gauge which political issue is foremost on the public’s mind.
d.
All of the above are examples of using the survey method.
a.
Steven watches the news carefully jotting down ideas from the top headlines of the day.
*Which of the following is not necessarily something you must consider when choosing a topic for a speech?
a.
the needs and interests of your audience
b.
your own interests
c.
the speaking occasion
d.
One must consider all of the above when choosing a topic.
d.
One must consider all of the above when choosing a topic.
Which of the following would probably be the best choice for a speech topic?
a.
the spawning habits of great white sharks
b.
the history of marine warfare
c.
the Pacific Ocean
d.
humpback whales
a.
the spawning habits of great white sharks