Human Growth Development: Chapter 2

A systematic statement of principle and generalization that provides a framework for understanding how and why people change over time is
developmental theory
The approach taken by most developmentalists, in which they apply aspects of each of the various theories of development rather than adhering exclusively to one theory, is referred to as the
eclectic
Any consequences that follow a behavior and makes the person likely to repeat that behavior is called a
reinforcement
Behaviorists believe that psychologists should focus on
observable behaviors
According to Piaget, when new experiences are interpreted to fit into old ideas it is called
assimilation
The foundation of cognitive theory is
a person’s thoughts and expectations
Social learning theory indicates that learning occurs from
observing and imitating others
According to evolutionary theory, people
are driven to survive and reproduce
Theory
a possible way of explaining behavior.
Psychoanalyic Theory
unconscious factors influence behavior
Cognitive Theory
intellectual development
Assimilation
try to fit new experiences into an already existing scheme
Accommodation
change your thinking to fit the new experience
Classical Conditioning
learning through associations
Operant Conditioning
learn through consequences
Social Learning
learn by watching
Negative Reinforcement
do something to get rid of an unpleasant event
Sociocultural Theory
guided participation
Evolutionary Theory
survival and reproduction
Any consequences that follow a behavior and makes the person likely to repeat that behavior is called a
reforcement