Human Growth Chapter 1

(T/F) Human development focuses primarily upon the first 5 years of because this is the time for most change
False
(T/F) The goals of the developmental research from medicine, sociology, and anthropology to explain behavior
True
(T/F) Human development uses information from medicine, sociology, and anthropology to explain behavior.
True
(T/F) Chippewa Indians have only two periods of childhood, whereas other cultures have more
True
(T/F) The view that humans have eight periods of the life span is a social construction
True
(T/F) All societies recognize differences in the ways people of different ages think, feel, and act.
True
(T/F) Most people have dementia and require nursing home care in late adulthood
False
(T/F) Socioeconomic status limits people’s choices of where to live
True
(T/F) Most immigrants have some acculturation to the new society
True
(T/F) Biological events such as puberty and menopause are nonnormative events
False
(T/F) Loss of a spouse in a person’s 30s in a nonnormative event
True
(T/F) The concept of critical periods is more controversial when applied to cognitive and psychosocial development than to physical development
True
(T/F) The study of attachment and the development of friendship is an example of cognitive development
False
(T/F) Many abilities, such as memory, strength, and endurance, can be significantly improved with training and practice, even late in life
True
(T/F) Broad dimensions of personality, such as conscientiousness and openness to new experience, are fixed in early childhood
False
(T/F) Historically, the nuclear family was the dominant form of family structure in the US and other Western industrial societies
True
(T/F) Maturation varies in persons, but averages provide ways to measure what are typical times for development to occur
True
(T/F) Poor children are at lower risk than wealthy children to have emotional or behavioral problems
False
(T/F) Children from higher SES families have lower rates of substance abuse, anxiety, and depression than children from lower SES families
False
Dr. Nunez wants to know what child might be at risk for problem behaviors so he can put the child in a special program. He is demonstrating the goal of:
intervention
Dr. George studies how much children grow when they sleep. This an example of the ______ domain.
Physical
Life-span studies in the US grew out studies:
designed to follow children through adulthood.
Ideas about the nature of reality based on shared subjective perceptions or assumptions are known as:
Social Constructions
A person in young adulthood would be likely to have a development task of:
finding a partner and starting a family
Paul Bates is best known for:
the IQ test
One important characteristic of development is plasticity, which refers to:
modifiability of performance
Damage in children due to prenatal alcohol exposure is an example of:
critical periods
Research on memory and learning in older persons is looking at the ____ domain
cognitive
Study of inborn traits is looking at:
heredity
The study of temperament falls in the _____ domain
psychosocial development
The Western World generally divides the lifespan into ___ periods
eight
Attachment typically occurs in the period of:
conception to birth
The search for identity typically occurs in:
adolescence
In young adulthood, your health typically:
peaks and declines
In middle adulthood, a person is most likely to:
launch adult children, care for elderly parents, and find new challenges
In late adulthood, most people are:
retired or planning to retire
The search for meaning in life assumes central importance in:
late adulthood
Jessica is 10, in school, and lives at home. This is an example of ____ development.
normative
The unfolding of a natural, genetically influenced sequence of physical changes and behavior patterns is
maturation
A two-generational household unit consisting of parents and children is:
a nuclear family
The kinds of homes and neighborhoods people live in, as well as the quality of medical care, and other opportunities available to them are examples of”
factors associated with socioeconomic status
The story of Genie is an example of:
critical periods
Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning culture?
Culture is unchanging
Culture includes tradition
Culture is all of the learned behavior passed on from parents to children
Culture includes art work and tools
Culture is unchanging
Which of the following characteristics of development is NOT one of the characteristics of life-span development, according to Bates?
Nonmodifiable
Studies on the” wild boy” hoped to investigate and find:
Are qualities, behaviors, and ideas that define each human acquired, inborn, or both?
Is social contract important to child development?
Can the lack of social contract be overcome?
Who was one of the first psychologists to become interested in the study of aging, publishing a book Senescence: The Last Half of Life at age 78?
G. Stanley Hall
Which type of development would be most involved in the growth of body and brain, sensory capacities, motor skills, and health?
Physical
Marcus is 14 months old and having great difficulty when left with the babysitter. This separation anxiety is an example of interaction between which two types of development?
intellectual and social
Change in number or amount or frequency behavioral characteristic would be referred to as a ______ change.
quantitative
Becoming introspective and searching out meaning in life is characteristic of which development stage?
late adulthood
Dr. Gaipo is a psychologist whose research focus is on genetic strengths and weaknesses to explain development. In his work he emphasizes:
maturation
The periods of the human life cycle are produced by:
the interaction of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional processes
Meghan recorded events such as first words, first steps, and the events of puberty in her sons Joseph and Andrew. These landmarks in human development are referred to as:
milestones
A multigenerational kinship unit consisting of parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins is called a(n):
extended family
Socio-economic status is determined by all of the following except:
ethnicity
Not an indirect effect of poverty
breakdown of the nuclear family
An event that is experienced in a similar way by most people in a group is called a ________ influence
normative
Non-normative life events are:
unusual events that influence a person’s life
Your cohort would include your:
schoolmates
A specific time when a given event, or absence of that event, has the greatest impact on development is called a(n) _______ period.
critical
Sandro’s ethnic identity is
a personal and deliberate decision
One of the purposes in designing cross-cultural research projects is to:
identify cultural influences on development
In the Oakland Growth Study, the longitudinal study of social and emotional development of urban youth during the Great Depression:
adolescent children tended to show developmental difficulties
Learning a second language seems to have a(n) _______ period, just like learning a first language does.
critical
According to your text, which of the following is NOT one of the major divisions of the life-span?
senescence
Marlane is large for her age and does not have many friends. This is an example of interaction between which two types of development?
physical and social
Environmental or experimental factors that help define individual differences in developmental include all of the following except:
genetic inheritance
A child born today in Iraq will have different experiences than children born in the US or Mexico. These experiences will impact the course of development for these children because they develop within an unique
social and historical context
Events like starting school that occur at about the same age for people the world over are called
normative age-graded influences