History US Constitution Test

Why Is The Legislative Branch (Congress) The Part Of The US Constitution?
Because the legislative branch can make all the laws they want with no one really trying to stop them because their is no judicial or economic branch yet to pass the law to the public so whatever law the legislative branch makes it will go straight to the public or colonists.
How Is The Number Of Representatives To The House Of Representatives Determined?
The number of representatives are determined by the population of each state. Each state is ordered to have at least one representative.
How Often Are Congressman From The House Of Representatives Reelected?
Every 2 years.
What Is The Number Of Senators Per State?
There are 2 senators per state.
How Often Is A senator Reelected?
Every 6 years.
Who Is The President Of The Senate?
Joe Biden
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What Is Congress’ Role In The Process Of Impeachment? (Explain The Role Of The House Of Representatives And The Role Of The Senate In The Impeachment Process.)
The Constitution states that the House of Representatives “shall have the sole Power of Impeachment” and that “the Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments.” However, no person shall be convicted without the vote of two-thirds of the Members present. The president, vice president, and all civil officers of the United States are subject to impeachment.
What Fraction Of The Senate Is Required To Convict An Official?
Summarize The Four, Key Powers Of Congress
The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect taxes- impose taxes on the people. Duties- To protect the people and do their rights to the people. Imposts and Excises-to establishes offices and post roads. To pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States- To borrow money from credit of the US to pay their debts and to declare war, grant letters, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water to protect the people of the United States Of America.
What Compromise Is Made For The Slave Code?
“The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.”
Explain the major argument that stalled the ratification of the United States Constitution.
The major argument that stalled the ratification of the US Constitution was how much power the Central government should have (and how much the states should have). So the argument was about the balance of power between state government and central (federal) government.
Who were the Federalists and why did the Federalists think that the Bill of Rights was unnecessary?
The Federalists supported the Constitution and thought that the three branches of government (with their ability to check each other) was enough to protect them; therefore thinking the bill of rights was not necessary. Federalists like George Washington and Alexander Hamilton believed that the Constitution would protect them along with the 3 branches and the bill of rights was not necessary. The anti-federalists felt that the constitution weakened the states and that the citizens of the United States need a nation bill of rights to protect their rights.
Who were the Anti-Federalists and why did the Anti-Federalists demand the Bill of Rights?
The anti-federalists felt that the constitution weakened the states and that the citizens of the United States need a nation bill of rights to protect their rights. They felt that they needed written guarantees to protect their freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, trial by jury, and right to bear arms.
What does the Bill of Rights do?
The bill of rights was a piece of paper which stated the peoples rights and freedom incase the constitution did not work well and took away the peoples rights and freedom.
What Is The Purpose Of The Electoral College?
To elect the President by representing the popular vote of that state. Whoever wins popular vote in a state gets all the electoral votes for that state.
Why Did The Founding Fathers Construct The Electoral College Instead Of Allowing The People To Elect The President Directly?
Because they didn’t want people that were not allowed to vote, to vote.
List The 3 Requirements Of The Presidency:
1. Age- Be over 35
2. Residency- 14 years in US
3. Citizenship- Natural born in US
Name 3 Powers Of The Presidency:
1. Commander in chief of the army. Pardon people/excuse people from a crime.
2. Able to make treaties (senate has to approve the treaty by 2/3 votes)
3. Fill up vacancies (appoint supreme court)
The senate has the power “to advise and consent” On All Executive treaty Making And Appointments Of Government Officers- What Does This Mean?
They can approve or discard it. Give their opinion.
Who Has The Sole Power To Declare War?
The President
What Must A President Be Guilty Of To Be Removed?
How Long A Term Does A Federal Judge Enjoy?
For life. Can only be removed by impeachment; own recognition; or they die.
Who Appoints Supreme Court Justices?
The president then congress has to approve them.
Why Did The Framers Write Such A Short Piece On The National Judiciary?
Has less responsibility than other branches. Weren’t sure how it would work and look like.
Who Are Federalists?
Think that Constitution should be approved as if it doesn’t need a bill of rights. Thought bill of rights was unnecessary because the framers thought that the government protected the peoples rights enough already.
Who Are Anti-Federalists?
A bill of rights MUST be added. Wanted a clear list of individuals rights and what the government couldn’t do.
Name 2 Reasons Why James Madison Might Have Changed His Mind To Support A Bill Of Rights
1. Saw a chance to bring the country together.
2. Wanted to gain support for the new government.
How Many Amendments Did Congress Approve And Send To The States, And How Many Did The States Ratify?
The committee proposed 17 amendments. Congress approved 12 of these. The states ratified 10 of these. Because the states did not ratify the first two amendments, the third amendment became the First Amendment.
Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government. Generally, an overarching national government governs issues that affect the entire country, and smaller subdivisions govern issues of local concern.
Separation Of Powers
An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Checks And Balances
The system of checks and balances is an important part of the Constitution. With checks and balances, each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others. This way, no one branch becomes too powerful. Each branch “checks” the power of the other branches to make sure that the power is balanced between them.
Sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Writ Of Habeas Corpus
Any prisoner, or another person acting on his or her behalf, may petition the court, or a judge, for a writ of habeas corpus. One reason for the writ to be sought by a person other than the prisoner is that the detainee might be held incommunicado.
Bill Of Attainder
A legislative act that singles out an individual or group for punishment without a trial.
Ex Post Facto
With retroactive effect or force.
How Was The Electoral Process For Choosing The President Decided On At The Constitutional Convention?
because since no one could decide whether to have a direct or favored election by congress. They decided to make a indirect election where the majority of the votes win, called the electoral college.
How Is The Number Of Electoral Votes For Each State Determined?
From the total number combined in that state of US senators and representatives.
How Does The Electoral College’s “Double Election” System Work?
They elect the president. California has 55 total votes (the most) while Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Alaska, DC, Vermont only 3 total votes each.
Anyway, the popular votes (what we vote, normal folk) don’t really count for much, it’s the votes from the senators and representatives that rally count.
How Does The Executive Branch Check The Judicial Branch?
Grant reprieves and pardons. Appoint judges to fill vacancies in the court.
How Does The Judicial Branch Check The Legislative Branch?
Interpret laws determine constitutionally.
How Does The Executive Branch Check The Legislative Branch?
Authority To call special sessions of Congress. President is Commander-in-Chief. Power to veto bills.
How Does The Legislative Branch Check The Executive Branch?
Approve presidential appointments. Authority to bring impeachment hearings. Power to override presidential vetoes. Control appropriations. Ratify treaties. Declare war.
How Does The Judicial Branch Check The Executive Branch?
Interpret laws and Presidential actions. Judges appointed by the President Serve for life.
How Does The Legislative Branch Check The Judicial Branch?
Power to institute new courts. Approve Judicial appointments made by president.