History Quiz 7

The secretary of state of the Harding administration was
Charles Evans Hughes.
The Five-Power Pact of 1922 dealt with
armament limitations.
The Dawes Plan of 1924
All these answers are correct.
In 1929, a fascist-led government was in power in
President Franklin Roosevelt’s sharpest foreign policy break with Herbert Hoover concerned
In 1934, the Soviet Union complained that the United States had little interest in stopping the expansion of
The Neutrality Act of 1935
included a mandatory arms embargo of both sides during any military conflict.
In 1937, after Japanese pilots sank the U.S. gunboat Panay in China, President Roosevelt
accepted Japan’s claim that the bombing had been an accident.
In 1938, the Anschluss
proclaimed a union between Germany and Austria.
The Munich agreement of 1938
was supported by President Franklin Roosevelt.
By the mid-1940s, Germany had defeated
All these answers are correct.
In July 1940, opinion polls showed the clear majority of the American public
believed Germany posed a direct threat to the United States.
The America First Committee
was a powerful lobby against U.S. involvement in the war.
By September 1941,
the United States extended lend-lease privileges to the Soviet Union.
The Tripartite Pact was a defensive alliance between
Japan, Germany, and Italy.
In 1941, prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor,
President Franklin Roosevelt froze all Japanese assets in the United States.
In 1941, Germany’s declaration of war against the United States
occurred before the United States declared war on it.
The Neutrality Act of 1937
allowed warring nations to purchase nonmilitary goods in the United States if they paid cash.
In World War II, the main American strategy to fight Japan was to
mount two offensive campaigns to attack the Japanese from two directions.
The Battle of Midway in 1942
All these answers are correct.
In 1943, the country that pressed for an immediate Allied invasion of France against Germany was
the Soviet Union.
In 1943, at the Casablanca Conference, the Allies decided they would next invade
The United States government acquired definite knowledge of the Holocaust
during the first years after U.S. involvement.
During World War II, organized labor in the United States
won automatic union memberships for new defense plant workers.
Over the course of World War II, inflation in the United States
was much less serious a problem than during World War I.
During World War II, the National Defense Research Committee
was headed by a scientist who was a pioneer in the development of the computer.
During World War II, the Allied development of the Gee navigation system
used electronic pulses to plot course location.
During World War II, the United States military
began to relax its practices of racial segregation.
In 1943, the “zoot-suit riots” in Los Angeles
led the city to prohibit the wearing of zoot suits.
During World War II, American shoppers
All these answers are correct.
During World War II, Congress abolished the
CCC and WPA.
A significant issue in the 1944 election was
the domestic economy.
In August 1944, the Allies liberated from German occupation the city of
In April 1945, American and British forces halted their advance on Germany at the Elbe River
to wait for the Russian army to arrive.
The costliest battle in the history of the United States Marines Corps was
the Battle of Iwo Jima.
In 1945, the first atomic explosion in history took place in
Alamogordo, New Mexico.
In 1945, the Japanese surrender to the United States
All these answers are correct.
Calvin Coolidge
rejected any suggestion that the United States join the League of Nations but knew that the idea of outlawing war had strong appeal at home
Frank Kellogg
meets with French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand to fashion a multinational nonaggression pact
Hugo Black
wrote the majority that upheld the constitutionality of interning Japanese Americans
Joe Rosenthal
His Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph would inspire a Marine Corps statue, erected in Washington D.C in 1954
Harry Truman
considered the bomb a legitimate weapon to use alongside the more conventional tactics of terror bombing, an economic blockade, and a planned invasion of Japan.
“Little Boy”
the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, destroyed three-fourths of the city and killed 80,000 people instantly.
“Fat Man”
destroyed two fifths of Nagasaki and Killed 35,000 people on August 9.