According to Pane’s account, what part did caves play in human origins? 1b.What happpened to Machochael and the men who left the cave to go fishing? If when they went out at night and was not able to return befiore the sun rose, upon seeing the light, as punishment since they were not allowed to see it, were immediately transformed into those trees that yeild plums.
These grow spontaneously on that island in great quantity, without being planted.1c.
How did their acts alter the world? 1d. Why did the Taino go on pilgrimages to Iovanaboina? 1e. Why were zemis important? 2a.Pane says the Taino told him that men left the caves “without their women,” How did women come to populate the earth? 2b. Does the narrative suggest that men and women were created more or less as equals? 3a.
This Taino origin story emphasizes that humann beings were “transformed” in numerous ways to shape the world. Why did these transformations occur, according to the narrative? 3b. How did theese transformations influence humans who were not transformed? 4a. In what ways is Pane’s religion evident in his account of Taino origins? 4b. Do you think Pane was a reliable recorder of Taino beliefs? c. What parts of Pane’s account, if any, seem credible to you? Why? 5a. Since Tainos ” never had writing among them and everything is preserved by memory,” do you thing the stories the Taino told Pnae were credible accounts of ancient beliefs?5b.
What evidence suggests that Taino believed these stories? 5c. Is there evidence that their origin narrative had ancient roots? 5d. On the other hand, is there evidence that they might have invented the narrative to please or satisfy Pane? 1a. According to this narrative how did human beings arrive in the world? b. What was the significance of the “great tree which every year bore corn used for food” and of the angry young men? 2a. Who does the narrative say created the earth, and why? 2b. What relationship existen between animals and the earth? 3.
According to the narrative, how did human beings reproduce? Why? 4a. How did Othagwenda (Flint) and Djuskaha (Little Sprout) differ? 4b . Why were those differences important? 5a. Who does the narrative identify as God? 5b. What difference did it make? 1. According to Genesis, how and why did God create the world? 2.Were plants, animals, and human beings in this account more or less equal in God’s eyes? No they were not equal.
God said have dominion over the fosh of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over ever living thing that moveth upon the earth. 3. Why did God command human beings to “Be fruiful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion… over every living thing that moveth upon the earth”? 4. Did God make different demands on men and women? Why? 5a.
Why did God forbid Adam and Eve to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil? 5b.Why did they disobey God? 5c. How did God punished them? 6. How might the Genesis account of human origins have influenced Europeans as they encountered peoples in Africa and the New World? 1a. According to Aristotle, why were some people “natural slaves”? 1b. Who were these people? 1c. Why was slavery for them natural? 1d.
Why was slavery “beneficial and just” for them? 2a. How would you argue against Aristotle’s defense of natural slavery? 2b. Did he make false assumptions? 2c. Were his arguments illogical? 2d. Can you argue against his view starting from his assumptions? How? 3a.To what extent did Aristotle believe that it was good and just for vitors in war to enslave their captives? 3b. Was slavery for Aristotle anything other than the superior power of the master over the slave? 3c.
What arguments did Aristotle make against the claim that “all slavery is contrary to nature”? 3d. Do you find his arguments convinving? Why or Why not? 4a. How did the relation of master to slave differ from that of man to woman, husband to wife, parent to children, and statesman to citizens, according to Aristotle? 4b. In what sense were “all housholds… monarchically governed”? c.
Since Aristotle argued that “the relation of male to female is naturally that of the superior to the inferior, of the ruling to the ruled,” would he claim that women were natural slaves? 1a. What are the major differences and similarities among these creation myths? 1b. How do their views of human beings compare to Aristotle’s? 2a. The creation narratives descibe a world before humans existed. To what extent were humans a force for good in the world? 2b. How did humans’ power compare to that of nature of zemis or the creator? 2c. Did Aristotle’s views differ? If so, how and why? 3a.
How do the views of women and men in the creation my ths compare to Aristotle’s views? 3b. What do they reveal about gender roles and expectations among Native Americans and Europeans? 4. Because the creation narratives and Aristotle’s Politics originated in oral rather than written communication, to what extent can these documents be accepted as expressions of the views of common folk among the Taino, the Seneca, and Christians? 5. To what extent might the creation myths and Aristotle’s views about masters and slaves have influenced the begavior of Native Americans and Europeans when they encountered one another?