History of Photography Exam 1

Mental patients
Medical Conditions
Physical Abnormalities
Ethnic Groups
Anthropological and Medical uses of early photography
Camera lucida
“Light room”
Prism projects image onto paper
Camera Obscura
Dark room with hole
Image Upside-down
carte-de-visite
Photo on cardboard
Salt-print
Early mass produced photos
Commercial Sublime
Commercial development does not distract from the beauty in nature
Cyanotype
Blueprint
Daguerreotype
Direct positive made in the camera on a silvered copper plate
Halftone printing
Different sizes of black dots for printing
“Light writing”
Photography
Orientalism
Non-westerners viewed as passive feminine childlike and timeless
Pantograph
Multiple Images
Silver Nitrate
Light sensitive chemical
Sterograph
3-D view of an image
Sun writing or heliography
Direct positive using the sun
No negative
tableau vivant
Dress up and recreate famous scenes from the past
Watkin’s Cape Horn near Celilo
Example of commercial sublime
John Herschel
Made the cyanotype
Joseph Niepce
Invented sun writing or heliography
The View from the Window at Gras
Niepce’s famous photo
“The Worlds first famous photograph”
The Two Ways of Life by Oscar Rejlander
Example of tableau vivant
Tried making fixer
Coined the work photographie
Experienced with camera obscura
Antoine Hercules Romuald Florence (Hercules Florence)
Tried printing on glass with paper
Experiments were published in Journal of the Royal Institution of Great Britain
Thomas Wedgwood and Humphrey Davy
Discovered how to stop reaction to light
Cyanotype
Coin the word photography
John Herschel
Credit of invention of the daguerreotype
Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre
Still Life (Interior of a Cabinet of Curiosities)
Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre’s famous photo
Invented direct positive with paper
Hippolyte Baryard
Invented calotype process
Photograms
William Henry Fox Talbot
The Open Door
William Henry Fox Talbot’s famous photo
Mental patients
Hugh Welch Diamond
Antoine Hercules Romuald Florence (Hercules Florence)
Thomas Wedgwood and Humphrey Davy
John Herschel
Joseph Niepce
Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre
Hippolyte Baryard
William Henry Fox Talbot
Simultaneous Inventors
50 years
Ended in 1839
Simultaneous Invention
Photographed famous men
Julia Margaret Cameron
Photo of Sir John Herschel
Julia Margaret Cameron’s famous photo
Pictoralism
Henry Peach Robinson
Fading Away
Henry Peach Robinson’s famous photo
Civil war photographer
Matthew Brady
Abraham Lincoln
Matthew Brady’s famous photo
Civil war photographer
Brady took credit of photos
Survey photographer
Alexander Gardner
Civil war photographer
Survey photographer
Timothy O’Sullivan
Pyramid and Tufa Dome
Timothy O’Sullivan’s famous photo
Street life in London- a study of the urban poor
John Thompson
The Crawlers
John Thompson’s famous photo
Facial Expressions shocking the subjects
Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne de Boulogne
The Mechanisms of Human Physiognomy
Boulogne’s famous photo
Successful portrait photographer
Gertrude Kasebier
Blessed Art Thou Among Women
Gertrude Kasebier’s famous photo
Created autocrome
The Lumiere Brothers
Reaction against Photographic Society of Great Britain
Members: Henry Peach Robinson, George Davison
The Linked Ring Group
Rebels
Led by Alfred Stieglitz
Member: Gertrude Kasebier, Clarence H. White
The Photo Succession Group
The Vanishing Indian
Edward S. Curtis
Self portrait
“New Woman”
Frances Benjamin Johnston
Magazine
“Family of Man”
Edward Steichen
Student of Boulogne
Jean-Martin Charcot
Many publications of rural England
Peter Henry Emerson
Life and Landscape on the Norfolk Broads
Naturalistic Photography
The Death of Naturalistic Photography
Peter Henry Emerson’s publications
Urban streets
Alfred Stieglitz
The Steerage
Alfred Stieglitz famous photo
The North American Indian
Edward S. Curtis’ publication
Street Life in London
John Thomas and Adolphe Smith’s publication
Autochrome
Color photography process
The Pencil of Nature
William Henry Fox Talbot’s publication
Technological Development
First Invention of photography
Reinvention through discovery of its social uses
Second invention of photography
Had a focusing screen
Single Lens Reflex Camera
Nude photographs of herself
Anne Brigman
Better portrait photographers
Kodak helped them
Women as Photographers
Explained calotype process to the public
The Pencil of Nature
#1
The View from the Window at Gras
Niepce
#2
Still Life: Interior of a Cabinet of Curiosities
Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre
#3
The Open Door
William Henry Fox Talbot
#4
The Two Ways of Life
Oscar Rejlander
#5
Fading Away
Henry Peach Robinson
#6
John Herschel
Julia Margaret Cameron
#7
Cape Horn
Charles Watkins
Example of Commercial Sublime
#8
Abraham Lincoln
Matthew Brady
#9
Execution of the Lincoln Conspirators
Alexander Gardner
#10
The Crawlers
John Thompson
#11
The Mechanisms of Human Physiognomy
Boulogne
#12
Kodak Girl
Important to women
#13
The Steerage
Alfred Stieglitz
#14
The Family of Man
Edward Steichen
#15
Blessed Art Thou Among Women
Gertrude Kasebier
#16
Self Portrait: 3 Symbols of Rebellion
Frances Benjamin Johnston