History of Phlebotomy

Egyptians (1400BC)
used blood baths as means of resuscitation and recuperation from illness.
Barbers/Surgeons (1200BC)
were forbidden by law to perform any surgery except bloodletting, wound surgery, cupping, leeching, shaving, extraction of teeth and administrating of enemas.
Hippocrates (460-377 BC)
1.Father of medicine.
2. disease was the result of excess substance like blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.
3. removal of excess would restore balance.
4. removal performed using drugs or by the surgical technique of phlebotomy
William Harvey (1578-1657 AD)
1. Recognized the circulation of blood.
2. Published the theory of the movements of the heart and blood.
3. Discovered the purpose of valves in the veins is to prevent the flow of blood back into the extremities, this keeping the blood in motion
Jean Baptiste Denis
performed the first successful blood transfusion of lamb blood into a human
Leeches (17th and 18th century)
1.using the European medicinal leech.
2. Enticed to bloodletting spot with a drop of milk or blood.
3. Leech would drop off by itself after it was engorged (about an hr)
Cupping (17th and 18th century)
1.required practice so patients were not frightened away.
2. Involved the application of heated suction apparatus called the “cup” to the skin to draw the blood to the surface before serving the capillaries in that area by making a series of parallel incisions with lancet
Venesection (17th and 18th century)
1.using a sharp lancet-type tool to pierce the vein and make it bleed.
2. used to reduce ever or produce a faint so an expectant mother would deliver her baby by the time she recovered