History of Higher Education

First U. S. college founded (Name & date.)
Harvard University. Founded 1636. Boston, MA.
Second U. S. college founded (Name & date.)
College of William and Mary. Founded 1693. Williamsburg, VA.
Third U. S. college founded (Name & date)
Yale University. Founded 1701. New Haven, CT.
First Women’s College founded (Name & date)
Bethlehem Women’s Seminary, now Moravian College. Founded 1742. Bethlehem, PA.
Oldest Women’s College That is Still a Women’s College
Salem College. Founded 1772. Winston-Salem, NC.
First Black College founded (Name & date)
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania. Founded 1837. Cheyney, PA.
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First institution to allow “coeducation.” (Name & date)
Oberlin College. Began admitting women 1837. Oberlin, OH.
First graduate institution. (Name & date founded)
Johns Hopkins University. Founded 1876. Baltimore, MD.
First junior college. (Name & date)
Joliet Junior College, 1901. Joliet, IL
What is the Morrill Act of 1862?
The Morrill Act allocated land to each state in order for that state to open a public university with the intention that these institutions would teach “agricultural sciences” in addition to liberal arts.
What is the Oxbridge Model?
Model of institutional structure based on Oxford and Cambridge Universities. Several residential colleges were arranged within the university structure, in a pastoral setting.
Difference between 1st Morrill Act and 2nd Morrill Act
1st Morrill Act allocated land, while 2nd Morrill Act allocated funding to states. 2nd Morrill Act also specified that states must either admit students regardless of race or provided an institution for Black students.
What is the Morrill Act of 1890? What is another name for it?
The Agriculture College Act of 1890. Allocated regular funding to land-grant institutions, and aided in creation of agricultural colleges within these institutions. Also dictated that states with segregated education must provide equal educational opportunities to Black students. This most often resulted in the creation of separate institutions for Black students.
What is the AAUP? What is their focus?
American Association of University Professors. Focused advancement on academic freedom and shared governance.
What was Rutger’s University first called?
Queen’s College. Changed names in 1825. Became a land-grant institution in 1862.
What are the Seven Sisters? (Name them and explain significance.)
Seven liberal arts colleges in Northeastern US. Historically all were women’s colleges that paralleled the Ivy League men’s colleges. They are Barnard College, Bryn Mawr College, Mount Holyoke College, Radcliffe College, Smith College, Vassar College, Wellesley College.
What is the Ivy League?
Eight private institutions in Northeastern US. Originally a football league, seven (except Cornell) date to colonial period. Cornell was founded in 1865. They are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, and Yale University.
What is another name for the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act and what year was it enacted?
GI Bill. Enacted 1944.
What is the “Wisconsin Idea?”
A philosophy of higher education attributed to a 1904 speech given by then President of the University of Wisconsin, Charles Van Hise. The principle states that institutions of higher education should influence people’s lives beyond the classroom.
What is the AAU and why is it important?
Association of American Universities. International organization devoted to issues important to and focusing on research institutions in the United States.
What is Title IX and why is its significance?
Title IX is an amendment to the Higher Education Act of 1965 that states “no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex in regards to education, as well as a number of other aspects of academic life.
What does “in loco parentis” mean?
Literally “in the place of a parent.” Institutional faculty and presidents supervised student conduct and moral development.
What is the ETS and what is its purpose?
The Educational Testing Service (ETS) was created as part of the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) to standardize testing required for entrance into higher education institutions.
What is a “cluster college” and who supported this idea?
Clark Kerr, president of the University of California from 1958-1967, supported the idea of the “cluster college.” Cluster colleges were separate residential spaces within a university structure, based off of the Oxbridge Model.
The 1960s were an era of social change, especially within institutions of higher ed. What were some of the internal and external reasons behind student discontent in the 60s?
Internal: Large lecture classes; impersonal registration structure; overcrowded student housing; distance between faculty and students;

External: Vietnam War; military draft; counterculture movement; Civil Rights Movement;

What is the significance of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act?
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act provides protections for Americans with disabilities. In addition, it provided framework for the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act.