History 103, Nassau Community College- Summer III (Chapters 9-12)

Adams-Onis Treaty
Spanish gave Florida back to the United States
Cherokee Nation
Largest of the five, men hunted, women farmed, occupied the South, large slaveholders
Seminole’s
“Wild”, or “runaway in the Creek language
Preemption
A doctrine under which certain federal laws take over conflicting state or local laws
Transportation Revolution
Written by John C. Calhoun, “Let us, then, bind the nation together with a perfect system of roads and canals. Let us conquer space.”
Eerie Canal
1817, built by Irish immigrants, linked Albany and Buffalo, caused economy to boom
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Era of Good Feeling
A name for President Monroe’s two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion, since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party
American System
Henry Clay of KY’s high protective tariff to eliminate dependence on Europe and promoting economic development
Missouri Compromise
1820-1821, admission of Missouri as a slave state, and Maine as a free state, temporarily settles arguments over slavery
John Marshall
Chief justice, federalist, helped to shape the Constitution
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward
1819, government of New Hampshire asked to convert the college from private to state, supreme court ruled that states could not interfere with private contracts
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Maryland created a tax on the Baltimore branch of the Bank, Supreme Court ruling said that states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders, strengthened federal power
Gibbons vs. Ogden
1824, allows Congress to regulate interstate commerce
Interstate vs. Intrastate
Inter- between two or more states
Intra- inside one state
Monroe Doctrine
1823, declared no further colonization, stay out of european affairs
Hotels
Influenced travel, white-males, elite, once inside everyone was treated with the same respect
Popular Sovereignty
States should decide rights not listed in the Constitution
Election of 1824
Four candidates: Adams, Jackson, Clay, and Crawford, no candidate received a majority of the electoral votes, Adams was elected by the House of Representatives
Tariff of Abominations
(Tariff of 1828) Taxed imported goods at a very high rate; the South hated the tariff because it feared it would provoke Britain to reject American cotton
John C. Calhoun
1828, lead the fight against protective tariff, created the doctrine of nullification
Nullification Crisis
Doctrine, said that a state could decide if a law was constitutional
The Whigs
Anti-Jackson party, pro-royalist
Spoil System
Political party gives jobs to their friends/relatives
Tocqueville’s Wisdom
1831-1832, democratic system only benefits the white males, we are headed towards internal conflicts (war), women were lacking rights
Upper South
Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Kentucky, Tennessee
Lower South
Georgia, Louisiana, Alabama, Missouri
Trail of Tears
1833, military forced Native American Indians to march to Oklahoma and leave their homes
Bank War
Jackson believed the Bank of US had too much power and was too rich
Nat Turner
1831, leader of slave uprising, Southampton, VA
Gabriel Prosser
1800, leader of the uprising in Richmond, VA
Denmark Vesey
Case that showed that a prosperous, free, African-American might give his life in the struggle for freedom
Yeoman
An owner and cultivator of a small farm, did not own slaves, but wanted to
Grow of Cotton
Increased need for slavery, easy but tiring job, boosted economy, cotton was sold from the upper south to the lower south in exchange for slaves,
South Carolina Exhibition and Protest
Defined the theory of nullification in a document
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Written by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional
Evangelicalism
Diverse Christian movement calling for a return to biblical faith, personal conversion experience, and spreading the gospel
Second Great Awakening
19th century, brings religious camp meetings to rural and urban areas, held outdoors, allowed for big audiences, emotional experiences of expressing faith
Evangelicalism
Diverse Christian movement calling for a return to biblical faith, personal conversion experience, and spreading the gospel