His – Chap 2

The epic poem the Iliad, which recounts the prowess and anger of Achilles, was composed by
What was a fundamental characteristic of Western civilization that emerged from Greece?
The call for rational inquiry
The epics of Homer are set in the period of Greek history called the
Dark Ages.
Which of the following was NOT a result of the widespread violence and movement of peoples in the eastern Mediterranean around 1200 B.C.E.?

1. the establishment of democracy at Athens
2. the decline of Mycenaean civilization and its invasion by Dorian Greeks
3. the Trojan War and destruction of Troy
4. a besieged and weakened Egyptian Empire

The Greek Dark Ages commenced when

1. the eruption of the volcano on Thera caused dust that dimmed the sun.
2. the Mycenaean culture collapsed.
3. Homer died, leaving his epics unfinished.
4. glaciers from the Ice Age spread all over Greece.

The Greeks learned many things from earlier civilizations, but the philosopher Plato said the

1. earlier civilizations had not invented anything useful.
2. Greeks didn’t really need to learn anything.
3. Greeks turned those things into something finer.
4. Greek gods had taught all those things to earlier civilizations.

The Greek gods

1. resembled human beings.
2. shared the same virtues and defects as mankind.
3. periodically interfered in human affairs.
4. All these answers are correct.

The Greek invention of philosophy, or the search for knowledge, involved the idea that

1. the gods would reveal all knowledge according to their own plan.
2. all could be learned by studying the texts of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
3. people could hasten the acquisition of knowledge by increasing religious sacrifices.
4. the world and the cosmos were accessible to human reason and based on natural laws.

Tyrant was the name given to
1. an aristocratic ruler who cared only about the interests of his own class.
2. a ruler who used physical force rather than hereditary right or constitutional means to seize power.
3. a king who ruled in a cruel manner.
4. an elected leader of a democratic state.
The normal term used to characterize the Greek city-state is
1. civitas.
2. pyramid.
3. county.
4. polis.
Respectable Athenian women
1. undertook regular gymnastic exercises.
2. tended to stay within the home, presiding over spinning and weaving.
3. regularly took part in civic affairs.
4. traveled widely in the Greek world.
The Greek polis known for its emphasis on military training was
1. Athens.
2. Sparta.
3. Rome.
4. Corinth.

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