Health Occupations- Med Term: Chapter 4

Superficial
Pertaining to the surface of the body or near the surface.
Deep
Away from the surface and toward the inside of the body.
Anterior
Pertaining to the front of the body toward the belly of the body.
Posterior
Pertaining to the back of the body.
Ventral
Of or pertaining to a position toward the belly of the body.
Dorsal
Pertaining to the back
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Medial
Toward the midline of the body
Lateral
Toward the side of the body
Superior
Above or upward toward the head
Inferior
Below or downward toward the tail or feet.
Cranial
Pertaining to the head.
Caudal
Pertaining to the tail.
Distal
Away from or farthest from the trunk of the body.
Proximal
Toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
Supine
Lying horizontally on the back, face up.
Prone
Lying facedown on the abdomen.
Supination
A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward.
Pronation
A movement that allows the hands to turn downward and backward.
Plantar
Pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot.
Dorsum
The back surface of a part; in the foot or the top of the foot.
Anatomical Position
The standard reference position for the body as a whole.
Cardiac Muscle
The muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart.
Cervical Vertebrae
The first seven segments of the spinal column.
Coocyx
The tailbone.
Connective Tissue
Supports and binds other body tissue and parts.
Cranial Cavity
The cavity that contains the brain.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Epigastric Region
The region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen.
Frontal Plane
Any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet.
Histologist
A medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues.
Hypochondriac Region
The right and left regions of the upper abdomen.
Hypogastric Region
The middle section of the lower abdomen
Inguinal Region
The right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen.
Intervertebral Disc
A flat, circular, plate-like structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the vertebrae.
Lumbar Region
The right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen.
Lumbar Vertebrae
The largest and strongest of the vertebrae of the spinal column.
McBurney’s Point
A point on the right side of the abdomen.
Mediolateral
Pertaining to the middle and side of a structure.
Midsagital Plane
The plane that divides the body into right and left equal portions.
Muscle Tissue
The tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and reflexing its fibers.
Navel
The belly button.
Nervous Tissue
Tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body.
Pelvic Cavity
The lower front cavity of the body.
Peritoneum
A specific serious membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera.
Sacrum
The singular triangular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the five individuals sacral bones of the child.
Spinal Cavity
The cavity that contains the nerves of the spinal cord.
Thoracic Cavity
The chest cavity which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea.
Transverse Plane
Any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes.
Ventral
Pertaining to the front.
Visceral
Pertaining to the internal organs.