Gurnick Academy Prereq Course: Medical Terminology

aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
an
angi/o
blood vessel
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
chondr/o
cartilage
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cyt/o
cell
derm/o, dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
erythr/o
red or red blood cell
gnos/o
knowledge
gynec/o
woman
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
leuk/o
white or white blood cells
my/o
muscle
myel/o
bone marrow
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
cancer
os, oss, oste/o
bone
path/p
disease
phleb/o
vein
psych/o
mind
sarc/o
flesh, muscle
spondyl/o
vertebrae, spine
thromb/o
blood clot
throac/o
chest
esophag/o
esophagus
trach/o
trachea
cardi/o
heart
bronch/o
bronchus
pneum/o
lung
pleur/o
pleura
lapar/o
abdomen
viscer/o
internal organs
gastr/o
stomach
enter/o
intestine; gut
duoden/o
duodenum
jejun/o
jejunum
ile/o
ileum
hepat/o
liver
cholecyst/o
gall bladder
doch/o
duct
col/o
colon
splen/o
spleen
pancrea
pancreas
ren/o
kidney
nephr/o
kidney
cyst/o
bladder
pyel/o
pelvis
urethr/o
urethra
oophor/o
ovary
hyster/o
uterus
salping/o
fallopian tube
cephal/o
head
encephal/o
brain
cerebr/o
brain, cerebrum
crani/o
skull
ophthalm
eye
ot/o
ear
nas/o
nose
rhin/o
nose
bucc/o
mouth
stomat/o
mouth
gloss/o
tongue
cervic/o
neck
pharyng/o
throat
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, surgical removal
-emia
blood condition
-globin
protein
-gram
record
-ia
condiation
-ic, -ical
pretaining to
-ism
condition
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specialist
-logy
study, science
-lysis
breakdown, separation
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
formed like, looking like
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
visual examination
-osis
condition or process
-paresis
slow, difficult moving
-penia
dificiency
-pnea
breathing air
-poiesis
to produce, build
-rrhea
flowing
-scope
instrument for visual examination
-scopy
process of visually examining
-sis
state, condition
-stasis
controlling, stopping
-stomy
creating an artificial opening
-tomy
incision into
-trophy
development, nourishment
a-, an-
without
ana-
up
ante-
before, forward
anti-
against, opposite
aut-
self
bi-
two, both, double
brachy-
short, arm
brady-
slow
cata-
down
dis-
apart
dys-
difficult, painful
endo-
within
epi-
upon, at, in addition to
ex-
from, out of, without, away from, over
hyper-
over, above, excessive
hypo-
under, below, deficient
iso-
equal, alike, the same
mal-
bad
neo-
new
para-
beside, around, near, or a pair
per-
through
peri-
around, about
poly-
many
pro-
before, forward
retro-
back, backward
sub-
under, below, beneath
sym-, syn-
together, with, along, beside
tachy-
fast
trans-
across, through
Abx
antibiotics
Bx
biopsy
Dx
diagnosis
Fx
fracture
Hx
history
Rx
order, prescription
Sx
syndrome
Tx
therapy, treatment
Pt
patient
qh
every hour
PRN
as necessary
BID
twice a day
TID
three times a day
QID
four times a day
Q
each/every
QD
every day (once daily)
QOD
every other day
abdomin/o
abdomen
coccyg/o
coccyx, tailbone
cyano-
blue
erythr(o)-
red
leuc-, leuk-
white
xanth(o)-
yellow
hemorrhage
profuse bleeding
amenorrhea
without menstration
dysmenorrhea
painful menstration
septicemia
infection/poisoning in the blood
nephroectomy
surgical removal of kidney
tachypnea
fast breathing
thoracotomy
incision into the chest
apoptosis
programmed cell death
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
pericardium
around the heart
pneumocotomy
incision into the lung
hyperglycemia
high glucose in the blood
gastrostomy
artificial opening in the stomach