Record number of women in work. (2001, February 7). HRM Guide UK. Retrieved January 8, 2005 from http://www. hrmguide. co. uk/jobmarket/women_employment. htm. The results of the government employment report entitled Trends in Female Employment are good news for women in the UK that can boast the highest employment rate for women in the EU – 70%, an increase of 843,000 jobs from ten years ago. The article creates a comprehensive picture for women from different backgrounds, age groups, and family situations, listing the participation of divorced women, women with children, young and old women, single mothers, etc.
Reinventing Human Resource Management: HRM09: Improve Accountability for Equal Employment Opportunity Goals and Accomplishments. Retrieved January 8, 2005 from http://govinfo. library. unt. edu/npr/library/reports/hrm09. html. A report from National Partnerships in Reinventing Government outlines the problems still facing women in the workplace such as glass ceilings, pay differential with men, and underrepresentation of women and minorities in many industries.
Negative attitudes and perceptions and lack of management accountability are cited as most important barriers to women employment. Readers will find an analysis of causes of women’s unequal status with men as well as ways for improvements. Thoemmes Continuum. (2000). Human Resource Management. Retrieved January 8, 2005 from http://www. thoemmes. com/economics/hrman_intro. htm. The article that tracks the development of HRM as a scientific discipline puts the advent of women into the workforce in the early 20th century in context of HRM response.
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The historical reaction of employers to increase in the number of women, gender equality policies and thus allows contemporary readers to make comparisons between the situation some 100 years ago and today. Mostly dealing with other HRM concepts and trends, the article allows the reader to assess the relative weight of women’s issues within this field of business studies. United Nations General Assembly. (1996, 13 September). Advancement of Women. Human Resources Management: Composition of The Secretariat.
Improvement of the status of women in the Secretariat. Report of the Secretary-General. Fifty-first session. Items 105 and 122 (b) of the provisional agenda. Retrieved January 8, 2005 from The report prepared for the UN General Assembly concentrates on ways to empower women in the UN Secretariat, drawing on geographical distribution of women and special language requirements in UN divisions. The authors deal with strategies used to empower women and the need for their consolidation in order to secure gender equality.
The report is of interest as a sample of gender equality policies in the largest international organisation, trying to overcome barriers for increased participation of women and their empowerment. United Nations University – Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA). (n. d. ). AFRICAN WOMEN AND NATURAL RESOURCES: Directory of African women in natural resource conservation and management (profiles, record and experiences). Retrieved January 8, 2005 from http://www. inra. unu. edu/prowomen/index. cfm.
The report from UNU-INRA describes the access of women to natural resources in Africa, stating the persisting inequality with men. A meeting of an Advisory Committee of five African women in Accra in 1997 found that women are disadvantaged in access to financial resources, new technologies, employment opportunities. The article explores the causes of such inequality as well as ways to fight it, listing the suggestions put forward in the course of the Accra meeting. Women are redefining power. (2005, March 15).
HRM Guide. Retrieved January 8, 2005 from http://www. hrmguide. com/diversity/women-power. htm. The information presented in the article, based on a survey by Simmons School of Management and HP, challenges the conventional perception that women fear or dislike power. The findings, based on a computer survey of 421 women in managerial positions, explores issues like empowerment, women’s desire for power, their motivations for achieving power, risk-taking and network building by female executives.
The article is interesting as it offers an opportunity to redefine the relationship between women and power and to compare stereotypical ideas about women’s aversion of power with reality. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Women have always occupied an important place in human resource management. An increase in the role of women in the workplace has resulted in studies of their changed functions, women’s perceptions of their new role, and their understanding of different trivia in the workplace (“Record number of women in work”, 2001).
This approach, for instance, is exemplified in the article “Fashion at Work” (HRM Guide, June 27, 2005) and “Women are redefining power” (HRM Guide, March 15, 2005). The reaction to women’s rising participation in the workforce within the framework of HRM practices and research is addressed in the article on the development of human resource management as a special branch of management by Thoemmes Continuum.
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