Gov Test 8

Political elites in America are substantially influenced by ____________, and therefore they play an important role in American politics.
newspapers
The release of confidential government documents by ____________showed the world that the American government and press sometimes concealed news.
WikiLeaks
Websites such as Google News and the Huffington Post are called ____________ because they primarily synthesize news coverage from a variety of sources.
news aggregators
The media have become
more diverse.
________________ was the communications tool of choice for the organization of the Occupy Wall Street demonstrations in 2011.
Twitter
Which of the following is not a benefit of online news?
trustworthiness and vetting of content
_________________ has further accelerated the importance of digital politics by being able to alert readers to breaking news before the mainstream media do.
Twitter
As traditional news organizations have cut budgets, especially for investigative journalism, political information is increasingly emanating from
universities and nonprofit organizations.
_______________, by representing a wider range of political views than traditional news sources, have created a more democratic press.
Online media
The primary news source for most Americans today is
television.
News reported and distributed by citizens, rather than by professional journalists and for-profit news organizations, is defined as
citizen journalism.
The power of the media to decide how the American people interpret political events and results is called
framing.
The media frenzy over the extramarital affairs of Bill Clinton, Herman Cain, and Newt Gingrich is evidence that
the media’s bias is more oriented to audience appeal than to ideology.
_____________ refers to the power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems.
Agenda setting
What happened to the adversarial relationship between the press and the government in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks?
The media openly supported the Bush administration in the immediate aftermath of the attacks but later criticized President Bush’s approach to Iraq.
A _________ is the disclosure of confidential information to the news media.
leak
One of the negative consequences of media concentration may be a
growing distrust of the press.
Why did Howard Stern move to satellite radio?
It isn’t regulated by the FCC.
In 1997, the Supreme Court ruled that the ________________ was an unconstitutional infringement of the right to freedom of speech guaranteed by the First Amendment.
Communications Decency Act
The ____________ refers to a Federal Communications Commission’s requirement for broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views.
equal time rule
_________________ an institution essential to democratic government.
Free media are
Why do many news sources today tend to be more partisan than they used to be?
There are so many news sources that not many can aim for a broad-based national audience.
Even though newspapers are not the primary news source for most Americans, why could they still be considered important?
They are still influential among the political elite.
WikiLeaks published confidential government documents that showed that the ______________ government and press concealed news, including war crimes against civilians and the use of torture by American forces.
American
_______________________ are two popular news aggregators that serve a large number of readers by synthesizing coverage from a variety of sources.
Google News and the Huffington Post
____________ journalism caters to specialized interests of news consumers.
Niche
Both Facebook and Twitter have contributed to political mobilization and information sharing by creating ________________ where groups of like-minded individuals, or individuals with shared interests, can easily share information.
virtual social networks
The noted benefits of _______________ include a diversity of viewpoints, up to the moment information, and a depth of available information.
online news
Social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter have
accelerated the importance of digital politics by alerting readers to breaking news before the mainstream media do.
Universities, think tanks, nonprofit organizations, and private foundations are providing more political analyses and information as ____________________ have cut their budgets and resources.
traditional news organizations
Online media, by representing a wider range of political views than traditional news sources, have created a
more democratic press
It is estimated that more than ____________ of Americans have a television set.
95 percent
Citizen journalism is a distinguishing feature of ___________ more interactive and participatory.
digital media, which are
The Obama administration’s labeling of its health care initiative Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, thus defining it as a matter of compassionate responsibility and good economic sense, is an example of
framing
The media have a bias in favor of
whoever will provide the largest audience.
If an idea lacks or loses media appeal, its chance of its resulting in new programs or policies is
decreased.
According to the textbook, the media’s adversarial posture toward government may
decrease levels of political participation.
A classic example of a media leak is
the “Pentagon Papers,” published by the New York Times and the Washington Post.
Which of the following is noted by the book’s authors as a reason for the recent decline in the American public’s trust of the press?
media concentration.
Howard Stern was fined millions of dollars by the FCC because of his
use of obscenity and profanity on the air.
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was an attempt to do all of the following except
tighten federal restrictions of media ownership.
The FCC’s fairness doctrine
is no longer being enforced.
____________ are the ultimate beneficiaries of free and active media.
People
When the delivery of news was dominated by only three networks and a handful of national papers, it tended to be _______________ than it is today.
more moderate