GLY1880 Topic 9

The destruction of Herculaneum in Pompeii and surrounding villages was done over how long a period of time?
24 hours
Deeper layers of ____ Mark inch interruptions older than the Vesuvius eruptions that buried Herculaneum and Pompeii.
Pumice
Collapse of the Vesuvius eruption column caused how many pyroclastic flows and surges down the south and west volcanic slopes?
Six
Most of the eruptions of Mount Vesuvius are of what eruptive style
Plinian-Pellean
Which buried city was explored and exploited for artifacts by tunnels long before open excavation began?
Herculaneum
Which city was buried my deeply, Herculaneum or Pompeii?
Herculaneum
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True or false: Pyroclastic flows into the Bay of Naples caused at least one tsunami.
True
Herculaneum and Pompeii were both buried by:
Pyroclastic flows/surges
True or false: Herculaneum and Pompeii are now on the coast but were several miles inland at the time of Vesuvius’s eruption.
False
What volcanic areas are also associated with the Italian volcanic arc?
Vulcano, Mt. Etna, Stromboli, and Campei Phlegrei
A sliver of this tectonic plate is subducting under Italy:
African
The pyroclastic surges of Vesuvius raced down slope at 100 to 300 km/hr and with a temperature over 100 degrees C (212 degrees F)
True
This volcanic area in Naples is home to 200,000 people experiences significant vertical movement from magma causing ground swelling and contraction:
Phlegraean Fields
Interruption of Mount Vesuvius buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in the year of:
79 AD
The eyewitness to the Vesuvius eruption described the eruption column as looking like:
An umbrella pine
An even larger eruption of the Vesuvius occurred in about 1780 BC and has been named the:
Avellino eruption
True or false: Animals killed by “tainted air”, less than 20 years prior to the burial of Herculaneum and Pompeii, probably were killed by gaseous emissions from fumaroles.
True
What is the name of the subduction zone along the Adriatic margin of Italy?
Calabrian subduction zone
A detailed account of the Vesuvius eruption was made by:
Pliny the Younger
True or false: Naples is not among the top 10 largest population centers threatened by a volcanic hazard?
False
What very large metropolitan city is only a short distance from the Mount Vesuvius?
Naples
The largest pyroclastic surge from Vesuvius reached all the way to:
Misenum across the Bay of Naples
The most voluminous rock constituent of Vesuvius pyroclastic flows is:
Pumice
True or false: Mount Vesuvius is considered an active volcano.
True
Mount Vesuvius occupies this historic region of Italy:
The Campanian Plain
What was the name of the commander of the Roman fleet at Misenum who died on a rescue mission to Stabiae near Pompeii?
Pliny the Elder
Some buildings in Pompeii exhibit evidence of _____ damage from 63 A.D. that was not yet repaired when the Vesuvius eruption occurred.
Earthquake
True or false: the Italian government supports a Volcano Observatory to monitor Vesuvius and has mapped volcanic hazards in the region.
False
What types of artifacts have been found in Herculaneum and Pompeii?
Intact building, casts of people, mosaics, and sculpture
Which city was hit first by Vesuvius pyroclastic flows?
Herculaneum