GLY1880 Topic 10

More fissure eruptions occur in this region than any other region on earth:
Iceland
True or false: Icelandic fissures eruptions often are characterized by lava fountaining.
True
True or false: The winter following the introduction of Laki was unusually severe in Europe and North America.
True
Iceland is on what plate boundary?
The mid Atlantic Ridge
The Laki volcanic region lies almost directly over:
The mantle plume
Which country is the most active volcanic region in the world?
Iceland
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The great loss of human and animal lives in Iceland after the Laki eruption were caused by:
“The Mist Hardship”
True or false: melting ice in contact with magma makes for quiet nonexplosive volcanic eruptions.
False
Laki erupted during what year?
1783
The recent eruption of this Icelandic volcano caused the cancellation of thousands of trans Atlantic and European airline flights:
Eyjafjallajokull
Until World War II Iceland was the territory of this European country.
Denmark
The eruption of this volcano was the largest (in volume) basaltic eruption during historic time:
Laki
Subglacial eruptions can melt massive amounts of ice causing flash floods called:
Jokulhlaups
The volcanic eruptions at Laki were:
Plinian, Strombolian, Hawaiian-style, and phreatomagnetic
True or false: basaltic lava fountains occur both in Hawaii and Iceland.
True
The year of the Laki eruption this famous American suggested a link between volcanic eruption in Iceland and the unusual weather and atmospheric conditions experienced in Europe:
Ben Franklin
A flat-topped, volcanic summit formed from a subglacial eruption is called a:
Moberg
The Laki eruption occurred in what country?
Iceland
Most of icelands livestock died from what byproduct of the Laki eruptions?
Skeletal fluorosis
The capital of Iceland is:
Reykjavik